Thomas Locke, merchant of London

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Thomas Locke, merchant of London

Birthdate: (49)
Birthplace: London, England
Death: 1507 (45-53)
London, Middlesex , England
Place of Burial: London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Lok and Elizabeth Bulstrode
Husband of Joan Locke
Father of Elizabeth Nicholson; Sir William Locke, Alderman of London; Michael Locke; Thomas Locke; Sir William Locke and 3 others
Brother of John Locke

Occupation: Mercer, Merchant of London
Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
Last Updated:

About Thomas Locke, merchant of London

Thomas Locke, Citizen and Mercer of London died in 1507.


In 1472 he was apprenticed to William Locke (probably his father), master of the Mercers Company.

In 1497 Thomas had his own apprentice named Henry Swifte.

Source: Records of London's Livery Companies Online - Apprentices and Freemen 1400-1900


By his wife Joan Wilcocks, of Rotheram, co. York [an only daughter and heiress], who died in 1512, and was buried with her husband, in Mercers' Chapel, he had a son, viz:

Sir William Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born about 1486 ...

Sources

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  • Miscellanies of the Fuller Worthies Library ... edited by Alexander Balloch Grosart
  • https://books.google.ca/books?id=cDwVAAAAYAAJ&q=lock#v=snippet&q=lock&f=false
  • Pg.66
  • .... etc.
  • In the HERALD'S COLLEGE, in a volume, known there as VINCENT'S MIDDLESEX, there is a Pedigree of the family of LOK or LOCK or LOCKE2 - such is the arbitrarily various orthography. It is meagre in its details: but an examination shew it to be accurate as to names and relationships. Taking this Pedigree as a basis, we shall add many particulars obtained from Wills, Parish Registers, and other authentic manuscripts.
  • The first person named in VINCENT (as supra) is WILLIAM LOCK, who had two sons THOMAS and JOHN. The latter has heretofore been identified
  • Pg.67
  • with one of the name who was sheriff of London in 1461: but as he did not die till 1519, it may be doubted if they were identical. Further: in several of the Biographies of JOHN LOCKE the Philosopher, his descent has been deduced from him: but erroneously, as according to his will he had no children. The error originated in assuming that THOMAS above name was his son, while he was certainly his brother.1 This THOMAS LOCK (or as sometimes Lok and Loke) was a Mercer of London. He died in 1507 and was buried in Mercer's Chapel. His wife was JOANNA, daughter of . . . . Wilcocks of Rotherham, co. York; and she too was buried in the same Chapel in 1512. They appear to have had one son only, viz WILLIAM LOK, who was born according to the Pedigree in 1480. He also became a Mercer of London, and one of the aldermen of the city. In 1548 he was Sheriff of London, and was knighted at Westminster in that year. He was Mercer to King Henry VIIIth. with whom he was an especial favorite, so much so that it is said he held a key to the king's private chamber - a fact which
  • Pg.68
  • had been an equivocal compliment before FROUDE wrote. One of his daughters, ROSE, who by marriage becme ancestress of the HICKMANS of Gainsborough, and the EARLS of PLYMOUTH, left an account of his sufferings during Queen Mary's reign, which is printed, at length, in STARK'S Gainsborough. .... Now I, his daughter, Rose Throckmorton, widow, late wife of Simon Throckmorton Esq, and first ye wife of Anthony Hickman, a merch't of London, .... etc.
  • Pg.69
  • SIR WILLIAM LOK was buried in Mercer's Chapel 27th August 1550. His Will dated 15th March, was proved 11th September in that year. He had four wives: (a) ALICE, daughter of ..... SPENCER, of London, Fishmonger, who died in 1522 and was buried in Mercer's Chapel: (b) CATHERINE, daughter of WILLIAM COOKE of SALISBURY, who died in childbed 14th Octr. 1537 and was buried at Martin Abbey in Surrey: (c) ELINOR (widow of WALTER MARSH) who died in 1546: (d) ELIZABETH (widow successively of ..... Hutton and of ROBERT MEREDITH) who was buried in Mercer's Chapel 5th Decr. 1551. By his last two wives there were no issue. By his first wife .... etc.

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  • Family histories and genealogies. A series of genealogical and biographical monographs on the families of MacCurdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Digby, Newdigate, Hoo, Willoughby, Griswold, Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee and Marvin, and notes on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, Locke, Cole, De Wolf, Drake, Bond and Swayne, Dunbar and Clarke, and a notice of Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite. With twenty-nine pedigree-charts and two charts of combined descents by Salisbury, Edward Elbridge
  • https://archive.org/details/familyhistoriesg12sali
  • https://archive.org/stream/familyhistoriesg12sali#page/605/mode/1up
  • The Lockes claim to have been a very ancient family, before the Conquest, originally Scotch, with the name Loch. The seat of our family, as we shall see, had been from early times at Merton, co. Surrey.
  • "I. William Locke[1] (Lock, Lok or Loke, as the name was indifferently spelt in early times) had two sons, viz : John[2] Locke, Citizen and Mercer of London, who died in 1519, leaving no issue, and
  • "II. Thomas [2] Locke, also Citizen and Mercer of London, who died in 1507. By his wife Joanna Wilcocks of Rotheram, co. York [an only daughter and heiress], who died in 1512, and was buried with her husband in Mercers' Chapel, he had a son, viz :
  • "III. Sir William [3] Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born about 1486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London, at the
  • https://archive.org/stream/familyhistoriesg12sali#page/606/mode/1up
  • end of his apprenticeship, in 1507. He succeeded to his father's business and estate, and became an eminent tradesman and citizen. He received the royal appointment of Mercer to King Henry VIII., with whom he was an especial favorite, having a key to the King's Private Chamber, and occasionally entertaining him at dinner at his house in London. There are records in existence showing materials furnished by him to the royal household, including Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards Queen, Elizabeth, as also Will Somers, the King's Jester. After being several years an Alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London in 1548, and was knighted on the 3d of October in that year, but died before it was his turn to become Lord Mayor.
  • https://archive.org/stream/familyhistoriesg12sali#page/607/mode/1up
  • "Sir William Locke married four wives :
  • .... etc.

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  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 34
  • Lok, William by Sidney Lee
  • LOK, Sir WILLIAM (1480–1550), London merchant, was son of Thomas Lok, mercer of London, and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1400 (cf. will of Zachary Lok, 1603, in Somerset House). From the grandfather also descended John Locke, mayor of Bristol in 1642, who was 'a sort of cousin' of the father of John Locke [q. v.] the philosopher. William was, like his father, brought up as a mercer, and became sworn mercer and agent to Henry VIII beyond the seas. In May 1520 he supplied much cloth of silver for the queen's use (Henry VIII's Letters and Papers, vol. iii. pt. i. p. 852). In 1521 he figured among the Duke of Buckingham's creditors (ib.vol. iii. pt. i. p. 1285). On 7 March 1526-7 he received a license to import cloth of gold and silver, silks, and jewels for the king, and in November 1527 supplied stuffs for the court revels. In 1529 and the following years he spent some time on business at Bergen-op-Zoom and from that town and from Antwerp sent many interesting letters of intelligence to Cromwell or the king between 1532 and 1537. While on business at Dunkirk in December 1533 he pulled down the papal bull excommunicating Henry VIII, a service which the king acknowledged by giving him 100l. a year, and making him a gentleman of the privy chamber (Grafton, Chron. p. 1222; Brampton, Autobiography, pp. 8-9), Henry also showed his regard for him by dining with him at his house. In 1536 he resided 'in Cheapside, at the sign of the Padlock.' On 29 Dec. 1537 he was granted by Henry part of the possessions of 'Elayng Spittell.' He became an alderman of the city, and was elected sheriff in 1548, when he was knighted. On 10 Oct. 1549 he rode in the procession conveying the Duke- of Somerset to the Tower (Wriothesley, Chronicle, ii, 27). He died in his house in Bow Lane on 24 Aug, 1550, and was buried on the 27th in the Mercers' Chapel in the church of St. Thomas Acres (Machyn, Diary, i. 313). He married four times: (1) Alice Spencer (d. 1522); (2) Catherine, daughter of William Cooke of Salisbury {d. 14 Oct. 1537, and buried at St. Martin Abbey, Surrey}; (3) Elinor, widow of Walter Marsh (d. 1540); and (4) Elizabeth (d. 1551), widow of one Hatton and of Robert Meredith successively. His fourth, like his first, wife was buried in Mercers' Chapel (cf. Machyn, Diary, pp. 12, 323). He left issue by his first two wives: by the first, eight sons and one daughter, and by the second five sons and five daughters. Michael Lok [q. v.] and Henry Lok, father of Henry Lok [q. v.] the poet, were sons of the second marriage.
  • [Carew's Survey of Cornwall; Fox Bourne's Life of John Locke; Gent. Mag. 1792, p. 799; King's Life of Locke; Letters and Papers of Henry VIII; Dr. Grosart's Memoir of Henry Lok in Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies, vol. ii.]
  • From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Lok,_William_(DNB00)

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  • Sir William Lok (1480 – 24 August 1550) was a gentleman usher to Henry VIII and a mercer, alderman, and sheriff of London. He was the great-great-great-grandfather of the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704).
  • William Lok was the second son of Thomas Lok, a London mercer, and the grandson of John Lok, also a mercer, who was Sheriff of London in 1461.[1] His mother was Joan Wilcock (d.1512), only daughter of one 'Mr Wilcock' of Rotherham, Yorkshire.[2][3]
  • ... etc.
  • Lok and his wife were Protestants, and supported Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon.[4][5] His daughter, Rose Lok, later recounted how he pulled down a copy of the bull by which Pope Clement VII had excommunicated Henry VIII[1][4][5] for his marriage to his second wife, Anne Boleyn:[6]
    • .... etc.
  • Lok died 24 August 1550 at his house in Bow Lane,[8] and was buried on 27 August near his parents and his first wife, Alice Spenser, in the Mercers' Church at St Thomas of Acre in London,[8] where his coat of arms was depicted in a window.[1] His fourth wife, Elizabeth Meredith, was also buried there after her death in 1551.[8] In his will he left houses and shops in various London parishes including Bow, Spitalfields, and Cheapside, as well as twelve farms near London, and the Dog's Head inn in Cheapside.[1]
  • Lok married firstly Alice Spenser (d.1522), an early convert to Protestantism.[1][8]
  • He married secondly Katherine Cooke (d. 14 Oct 1537),[8] daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke of Wiltshire.[4][1][9]
  • He married thirdly a wife named Eleanor (d.1546), who was the widow of Walter Marsh.[8][1]
  • He married fourthly Elizabeth Farthing (d.1551) who was the widow firstly of a husband surnamed Hutton and secondly of Robert Meredith.[10][8][1][11]
  • Lok had nineteen children, of whom five sons and seven daughters, all children of his first two marriages, survived to adulthood. According to Sutton, all Lok's sons were mercers, and it is likely that all his daughters were silkwomen.[5]
  • A pedigree of the Lok family assigns Lok's children to his first two wives as follows:[2]
  • .... etc.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Lok

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  • Book of the Lockes : A genealogical and historical record of the descendants of William Locke, of Woburn ... (1853) By John Goodwin Locke
  • https://archive.org/details/bookoflockesgene00lock
  • https://archive.org/stream/bookoflockesgene00lock#page/342/mode/1up
  • The Locke family in this neighborhood consider themselves as descended from a very ancient house, arguing that they gave name to the parishes where they lived, before the Conquest, and do not derive their name with a De from the parishes, as is very commonly the case.
  • However, I have not seen any account of this family before Robert Locke, whom we find to have been joined with Thomas de Saint Maur, as Vicecomes of Wiltshire, anno 1350. John Locke, sheriff of London, 1460, is the first in a pedigree in my possession. Thomas, his son, was a merchant in London, who died anno 1507, and by Joan his wife (who was the only daughter and heir of Mr. Wilcock of Rotheram in Yorkshire) left three sons, John, William, and Michael. John is said to have died without issue, and buried in Mercer's Chapel, 1519, with his arms (a) in the window, a proof the family bore arms before those granted by Queen Mary, 1555. William, married two wives ; (b) first, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Mr. Spencer, a citizen and fishmonger of London ; secondly, Catharine, daughter of William, and sister and co-heir of
    • (a) I am of opinion, after an examination of Stow's "Survey of London," that the "arms in the window" were those of Sir William Locke, who was buried in Mercer's Chapel in 1550: yet a doubt remains.
    • (b) He had four wives.
  • https://archive.org/stream/bookoflockesgene00lock#page/343/mode/1up
  • Sir Thomas Cook, of Wiltshire, knight. Rose Locke, the only daughter by the second ventor was married to Anthony, son of Walter Hickman of Woodford, in Essex, Esq. ; by whom she became ancestor to the baronets of that name, the late Lord Montjoy, the present Earl of Plymouth. Matthew Locke, the youngest son by the first ventor, had an only daughter Elizabeth, married to Richard Chandler of London, merchant, son of William Chandler of Little Walsingham, in Norfolk, Gent. ; whose only daughter Elizabeth married Ferdinando Richardson (who died 1596), groom of the stole to Queen Elizabeth. The above William Locke, 25 Henry VIII. undertook to go over to Dunkirk, and pull down the pope's bull, which had been there posted up by way of a curse to the king and kingdom. For this exploit the king granted him a freehold of .£100 per annum, dubbed him knight, and made him one of the gentlemen of his privy-chamber. Sir William lived to be an alderman of London, and was sheriff of the city in 1548. He died 1550, and by his first wife, left issue eight sons and daughters, exclusive of Matthew already mentioned. Of these elder branches of Sir William Locke's family we have in Somersetshire a very imperfect account. George Locke, of Tiverton, who was buried at St. Sidwell's in Exeter, anno 1586, was supposed to be one of the sons. And from another of them, Thomas Locke of Little Horsely, in Essex, is said to have been descended. He married Susannah, daughter of Sir William Welby, of Gedney, in Lincolnshire, Knight of the Bath, whose issue was an only daughter, Susannah, wife of the Rev. John Carse, D. D. She died Nov. 10, 1649. Perhaps from one of these sons descended the Rev. John Locke, Rector of Askerwell, in the County of Dorset, father to the Rev. William Locke, who died 1686, and who by a daughter of the Rev. Lyte Whynnel, clerk, became seized of the perpetuity of his father's living, which was by the Rev. William Locke, his son (who died May 8, 1722), sold to William Bennet of Norton Bavent in the County of Wilts, whose grandson is the present incumbent. It has been supposed that we are indebted to some part of Sir William Locke's family for two very respectable characters, in the persons of Sir John Locke, Knight, an East India director, who died 1746, and James Locke his brother, husband to the Turkey Company. I think you have told us in your Magazine, that a Mr. Oates, of Richmond in Surry, had one hundred and fifty thousand pounds in 1748, with a daughter of the latter ; and a Mr. Rawlinson, of Wiltshire, is thought to have had some such sum with a daughter of the former, with whom he intermarried in 1740.
  • https://archive.org/stream/bookoflockesgene00lock#page/358/mode/2up
    • The following Pedigree is principally compiled from the Herald's Visitations and the Gentleman's Magazine.
  • John Locke, Sheriff of London 1461, his Monument was in the Church of St. Mary, Bow, London. He was probably descended from Thomas Locke, of Merton Abbey, in Surrey. Lyson says the Rectory of Merton was granted to Thomas Locke by Edward III. in 1291.; ch: Thomas (m. Joan Wilcock) Locke.
    • Thomas, merchant of London, d. 1507, buried at St. Thomas of Acres, London. = Joan, only dau. and heir of Mr. Wilcock or Wilkokes, of Rotheram, in Yorkshire; d. 1512.; ch: Sir William (m. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer & Katherine Cook), John, Thomas (m. Mary Minister), Michael? Locke.
      • Sir William, Knt. and Alderman, b.1480, d. 1550. he was knighted by Hen. VIII. for going over to Dunkirk and pulling down the Pope's bull; was sheriff of London 1548. Sir William was Bent. of the Privy Chamber. His 3d wf. was Eleanor, wid. of Wlater Marshe. She d 1546. His 4th wf. was Elizabeth, widow of Robert Meredith. = 1st. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer, of London, who died 1522, buried at Mercer's Chapel. London.; ch: William (b.1511), Philip (d.1524), Jane (m. Robt. Meredith), Peter (d.1517), William (b.1517), Richard (d.1516), Edmund (d.1545), Thomas (m. Mary Louge), Matthew (m. Elizabeth Baker) Locke.; = 2d. Katherine, dau. of William, and sister and co-heir of Sir Thos Cook of Wiltshire, Knt. She was buried at Merton Abbey, Surrey. She d. Oct. 14, 1537.; ch: Dorothy (m. Otwell Hill & Jno. Cosworth), Katherine (m. Thomas Stacey & William Matthew), (Pg.359 Rose (m. Anthony Hickman & _ Throgmorton) John, Alice, Thomasin, Henry (m. Anne Vaughan), Michael (m. Jane Wilkinson & Margery Preyn), Elizabeth (m. Richard Hill & Nicholas Bullingham), John Locke.
      • John, died s. p. buried in Mercer's Chapel, London, 1519.
      • Thomas wf. Mary Minister at Merton 1552, probably was son of Thomas.
      • (Michael ?)

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  • Genealogical Gleanings in England, Volume 2 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters
  • https://books.google.com/books?id=caNCAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1226&lpg=PA1226&dq=%22William+lok%22+mercer+sons+John+Thomas&source=bl&ots=NprgbafDQU&sig=MgL5VG3fKtcxWrPi1GYemUFnYz4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CFMQ6AEwCGoVChMIsuWVppCIyAIVSFYeCh2nuQA_#v=onepage&q=%22William%20lok%22%20mercer%20sons%20John%20Thomas&f=false
  • https://archive.org/details/genealogicalglea02byuwate
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalglea02byuwate#page/1226/mode/1up
  • MY last will 1549 in March. WILLIAM LOK mercer and alderman of London (indexed on margin "T. Willi Lock militis") proved 11 September 1550. Written 15 March. To be buried in the mercers church at the great Conduit in Cheape, in the middle of the body of the church there where lieth buried my father and mother and my first wife. Money to be given to the four prisons, Newgate, Ludgate, the Marshalsey and Kings Bench. Money to be given in alms at Martyn, Wymbilton, the two Totings and Totnam. The poor of the Vintry Ward. Other poor. I give to Thomas, Mathew, John, Henry and Myghell Lok, my five sons, my dwelling house in Bow Lane and my house at the Lock in Cheape and my house at the Bell in Cheape, with all the shops and appurtenances belonging to them to that intent that they, or some of them, may dwell in them and keep the retailing shop still in my name to continue there. I give to John Loke my house that Parris now dwelleth in. To Henry Lok my house that John Edwardes dwelleth in. Three houses to Mighell Lok. Another house to Henry. Two houses to Matthew Lok. To John, Harry and Mighell Lok all my houses in the Poultry and Bucklersbury and in St. Johns Street. To Mathew Loke all my houses at Dowgate and in the Vintry. To Thomas Lok all my houses in Cheape being in St. Peters parish there. I give more to Thomas Lok my land at Martyn and Wymbilton that I may give him except one farm which I give to Henry and Mighell Loke my young sons. I give the lease of my garden betwixt my five sons to be kept in their hands for all their recreations in Grub Street. Other property divided among them. They to pay to my well beloved wife Elizabeth, for dower, forty pounds every year during her natural life out of all my lands and houses, as appeareth by a certain Indenture of Covenants &c. She to have a certain sum of money for her part of all my goods &c. by the custom of this noble City. My daughter Elizabeth to have to her marriage as much as any of my daughters that be ready married have had of my goods. My executors to be Thomas, Mathew and Henry Lok and my overseers John and Myghell Lok, and because some of my sons be young I shall desire my trusty and well beloved friend Sir Rowland Hyll, knight and alderman, to be my chief overseer. Per me Sir William Lok knight and alderman.
  • Commission issued 6 April 1571 to Michael Lok natural and lawful son &c. to administer the goods left unadministered by Thomas, Mathew and Henry Lok executors; now deceased. Coode, 20.
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalglea02byuwate#page/1229/mod
  • ZACHARY LOK, 29 January 1602, proved 4 April 1603. I desire that my body might be buried in Mercers Chapel in London near to the place where my great grandfather Thomas Lok and my grandfather Sir William Lok were buried, if it please God I die near London, or otherwise in the parish church of that place where it shall please God to call me. The poor of Bow parish. To my father Mr. Michael Lok my seal of arms &c. To my brother Eleazer Lok my hoop ring with a diamond which I wear and the "Armyng swoorde" and dagger which my Lord Willoughby gave me. My brother Benjamin Lok. My brother Jenny and his wife. My brother Sansom and my sister Jone his wife. My sister Sansom's children. My brother Bleuett in Cornwall and each of his children by my sister Anne Lok. I give to Sir Edward Norris knight mine armor complete,
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalglea02byuwate#page/1230/mode/1up
  • with the trunk wherein it is, which I pray him to accept, which I do in consideration of a wrong which I was privy unto that was done to his brother Sir John Norris in the low countries. And I know not where else to make any satisfaction for the clearing of my conscience. The residue I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved mistress Ursula Johnson whom I intend, by God's grace, to make my wife ; and her I do nominate, constitute and appoint to be the sole executrix of this my will. Bolein, 27.
  • Sentence to confirm the above will was promulgated 11 July 1606 after litigation between Michael Locke of the one part and Ursula Johnson executrix &c. of the other. Stafford, 53.

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Thomas Locke, merchant of London's Timeline

1458
1458
London, England
1465
1465
Age 7
Brocton, Shropshire, England
1480
1480
Age 22
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
1480
Age 22
London, Middlesex, England
1484
1484
Age 26
1507
1507
Age 49
London, Middlesex , England
1507
Age 49
London, England
????
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