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John Locke, Sheriff of London in 1461

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  • unknown Locke, of Dorset (deceased)
    Do not confuse with Thomas Locke , merchant of London, whose origins were in Wilshire. This Dorset family seems entirely different.
  • Thomas Locke, of Bockhampton (1494 - 1561)
    Thomas Locke Birth: 1494 - Bockhampton, Puddletown, Dorset, England Death: 1561 - Stalbridge, Dorset, England Wife: unknown child: Nicholas Locke Sources  [S1684] Nelson, John & Bonn...
  • Dame Elizabeth Yorke (b. - bef.1497)
    From Two Dozen and More Silkwomen of Fifteenth-Century London by Anne F. Sutton Affluent and equally capable was Elizabeth Lock, left a widow by the mercer John Lock in 1463; there were six children ...
  • Elizabeth Locke (deceased)
    Scot's Manor, Abbotsley Parish, County of Huntingdon: In 1399, Robert Scot, who was in the king's service, was apparently holding this land. (fn. 43) He died after 1428, (fn. 44) and certainly left a...
  • Elizabeth Lok (deceased)

Cleaning and documenting the Geni tree around John Locke, Sheriff of London in 1561.

There seems to be a generation missed out in most published pedigrees and biographies of the Locke family. The pedigree published in the Book of the Lockes (1853) is one such case. The Dictionary of National Biography & Wikipedia repeat the error.

John Locke mercer & sheriff (d. 1463) did not have a son Thomas. He had sons John, William & Stephen (see abstract of his will).

SomersetSue first pointed this out in 2009:

"It looks as if William's father may be Thomas Locke who is said in a variety of online places to have married a Joan or Joanna Wilcocks and appears to be his accepted father but there may need to be another generation to get back to the earlier mercer John Lok who died in 1463."

"John Lok's Will mentions that he was survived by 3 sons and 3 daughters. One of these sons died under age and I think it is probably a son called John"

"According to the Will of John Lok that leaves a son called Stephen in addition to the William. There is no mention of a Thomas. So I think it is probable that Thomas may be a later son of the William and so a grandson of John Lok."


In 1460 John Locke had an apprentice named William Locke (probably his son). William is named as one of the son's in John Locks will.

In 1472 William Locke had an apprentice named Thomas Locke (probably his son).

Sources: (1) The Medieval Account Books of the Mercers of London (2) Records of London's Livery Companies Online - Apprentices and Freemen 1400-1900

In the Herald's College, in a volume, known there as Vincent's Middlesex, there is a Pedigree of the family of Lok or Lock or Locke

It is meagre in its details but an examination shows it to be accurate as to names and relationahips.

The first person named in Vincent (as supra) is William Lock, who had two sons Thomas and John.

Source: Miscellanies of the Fuller Worthies Library (1871)

The new proposed descent is:

  • John Lock (d. 1463) & Elizabeth Valdrian
  • William Lock (d. by 1474) & Elizabeth Unknown (later Bulstrode)
  • Thomas Lock (d. 1507) & Joan Wilcock
  • William Lock (1480-1550)