Thomas Musgrave, Marshal of Berwick

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Sir Thomas Musgrave, Marshal of Berwick

Birthdate: (49)
Birthplace: Hayton Castle, Hayton, Cumberland, England
Death: 1532 (49)
Hayton, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom
Place of Burial: Hayton, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicholas Musgrave and Margaret Colvyle Musgrave
Husband of Elizabeth Musgrave
Father of William Musgrave, MP, of Hayton; Leonard Musgrave; Elizabeth Musgrave; Humphrey Musgrave; David Musgrave and 4 others
Brother of Elizabeth Morland

Occupation: Constable of Bewcastle
Managed by: Kenneth Bennett Van Alstyne, III
Last Updated:

About Thomas Musgrave, Marshal of Berwick

Sir Thomas Musgrave was the son of Nicholas Musgrave and wife Margaret Colville-Tilliol. He was born at Hayton Castle, Hayton, Cumberland, England. He married Elizabeth Dacre and had 9 children. He died Februrary 23, 1532 at Hayton. An inquisition of his estate was called that lasted until 1536.

Sir Thomas was appointed Constable of Bewcastle, a castle and village near Carlisle. This was a lawless period for the borders, and castles such as this and the nearby Askerton and Naworth would have been sanctuary for the locals during large raids by the Scottish. The 16th century saw tenancy by the Musgraves, who defended it against their sworn enemies, the Grahams and Armstrongs. By the beginning of the 17th century, lack of maintenance had led to a partial ruin. Though the Earl of Cumberland's men held the castle briefly in 1639, they did much damage when they left. It is said that the final wasting was done by Parliamentary batteries during the civil war.

Sir Thomas was appointed Marshal of Berwick. Berwick was a castle and village on the eastern coast of England, at the border with Scotland. The castle's location in the hotly disputed border country between England and Scotland made it one of the most important strongholds in the British Isles, and it enjoyed an eventful history. As a major tactical objective in the region, the castle was captured by both the English and Scots on a number of occasions and frequently sustained substantial damage; Edward I used it as his headquarters during his invasions of Scotland. The castle also changed hands in less violent circumstances when the English King Richard I (the Lionheart) sold the castle to the Scots, to help fund the Third Crusade. The castle finally fell into English hands in the last week of August 1482. After invading Scotland following a pact with the Duke of Albany, Richard, Duke of Gloucester captured the castle from Patrick Hepburn, Lord Hailes.

Children of Sir Thomas Musgrave and wife Elizabeth Dacre:

  • Sir William Musgrave, 1518-1597, served as Justice of the Peace, Sheriff of Cumberland and Member of Parliament. He married Isabel Martendale.
  • Isabel Musgrave, married John Crakenthorpe
  • Leonard Musgrave, Deputy Constable of Bewcastle, died October, 1607.
  • Elizabeth Musgrave, died after 1534. She is not mentioned in her father's will, but is mentioned in the Inquisition of her father (£40 towards her marriage). 12 OCT 1534
  • Humphrey Musgrave, died c.1588, served as Deputy Warden to Henry Lord Scrope.
  • David Musgrave, died after 1532, as he is mentioned in the will of father Thomas Musgrave
  • John Musgrave, died after 1532, as he is mentioned in the will of father Thomas Musgrave
  • Thomas Musgrave, died after 1566, as he is mentioned in the will of John Dacre, 3 Mar 1566.
  • Janet Musgrave, married Thomas Salkeld

Links to additional material:

Constable of Bewcastle


Sir Thomas Musgrave was the son of Nicholas Musgrave and wife Margaret Colville-Tilliol. He was born at Hayton Castle, Hayton, Cumberland, England. He married Elizabeth Dacre and had 9 children. He died Februrary 23, 1532 at Hayton. An inquisition of his estate was called that lasted until 1536.

Sir Thomas was appointed Constable of Bewcastle, a castle and village near Carlisle. This was a lawless period for the borders, and castles such as this and the nearby Askerton and Naworth would have been sanctuary for the locals during large raids by the Scottish. The 16th century saw tenancy by the Musgraves, who defended it against their sworn enemies, the Grahams and Armstrongs. By the beginning of the 17th century, lack of maintenance had led to a partial ruin. Though the Earl of Cumberland's men held the castle briefly in 1639, they did much damage when they left. It is said that the final wasting was done by Parliamentary batteries during the civil war.

Sir Thomas was appointed Marshal of Berwick. Berwick was a castle and village on the eastern coast of England, at the border with Scotland. The castle's location in the hotly disputed border country between England and Scotland made it one of the most important strongholds in the British Isles, and it enjoyed an eventful history. As a major tactical objective in the region, the castle was captured by both the English and Scots on a number of occasions and frequently sustained substantial damage; Edward I used it as his headquarters during his invasions of Scotland. The castle also changed hands in less violent circumstances when the English King Richard I (the Lionheart) sold the castle to the Scots, to help fund the Third Crusade. The castle finally fell into English hands in the last week of August 1482. After invading Scotland following a pact with the Duke of Albany, Richard, Duke of Gloucester captured the castle from Patrick Hepburn, Lord Hailes.

Children of Sir Thomas Musgrave and wife Elizabeth Dacre:

Sir William Musgrave, 1518-1597, served as Justice of the Peace, Sheriff of Cumberland and Member of Parliament. He married Isabel Martendale. Isabel Musgrave, married John Crakenthorpe Leonard Musgrave, Deputy Constable of Bewcastle, died October, 1607. Elizabeth Musgrave, died after 1534. She is not mentioned in her father's will, but is mentioned in the Inquisition of her father (£40 towards her marriage). 12 OCT 1534 Humphrey Musgrave, died c.1588, served as Deputy Warden to Henry Lord Scrope. David Musgrave, died after 1532, as he is mentioned in the will of father Thomas Musgrave John Musgrave, died after 1532, as he is mentioned in the will of father Thomas Musgrave Thomas Musgrave, died after 1566, as he is mentioned in the will of John Dacre, 3 Mar 1566. Janet Musgrave, married Thomas Salkeld

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Thomas Musgrave, Marshal of Berwick's Timeline

1483
1483
Hayton, Cumberland, England
1518
1518
Age 35
Hayton, Cumberland, England
1520
1520
Age 37
Cumbria, England, United Kingdom
1522
1522
Age 39
Hayton, Cumberland, England
1532
1532
Age 49
Hayton, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom
1550
1550
Age 49
Hayton, Cumberland, England
????
Hayton, Cumberland, England
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Hayton, Cumberland, England
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Hayton, Cumberland, England