Tryggvė Olafssonas

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Tryggvė Olafssonas

Danish: Tryggve Olavson, Swedish: Trygve Olafsson, Norwegian: Tryggve Olavsson
Also Known As: "Tryggvi Ólafsson", "Tryggve Olafsson", "Tryggva Olofsson"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ringerike, Buskerud, Norge (Norway)
Death: circa 963 (30-39)
Sotnes, Bohuslän, Västra Götaland, Sweden
Immediate Family:

Husband of Astrid Eiriksdatter
Father of Ingeborga Tryggvės duktė; Olav I Tryggvason, King of Norway and Astrid Trygvesdatter

Occupation: Underkonge i Viken, Konge i Ranrike/Vingulmark, "King of Vikings", Konge, "kung av Vingulmark och Ranrike (Norge)".
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Tryggvė Olafssonas

Today's historians assume that Snorre's sagas are not historical facts when it comes to the kings living before 11th century, therefore his link to his ancestors has been deleted.

Tryggve Olavsson


Also known as Tryggvi Ólafsson and TRYGVE Olavsson

  • Son of OLAV Geirstadaalf, son of HARALD I "Hårfagre/Harfagri/Fairhair" King of Norway & his third wife Svanhild (-killed in battle Tunsberg 934, bur Tunsberg). The Historia Norwegie names "Olauus" as third son of "Haraldus Comatus"[192]. Under his father's division of territories, Vingulmark, Raumarike, Vestfold and Thelamark were granted to Olav, Björn, Sigtryg, Frode and Thorgils, Olav inherited the lands of his brother Gutthorm when the latter was killed in battle[193]. He succeeded on the death of his half-brother Guttorm as King in Glommen to Svinasund and Ranrike. On the death of his brother Björn, he became king in Vestfold, becoming "upper King" in Viken with the consent of the people on the abdication of his father in favour of his half-brother Erik[194]. After his father's death he took "all the revenues eastward in Viken" with which Erik was "very ill-pleased"[195]. The latter sailed for Tunsberg in Vike where Olav had joined forces with his half-brother Sigröd and defeated and killed the two of them
  • TRYGVE Olavsson (-murdered Veggen [968]). Snorre names Trygve as son of Olav[197]. The Historia Norwegie names "Turgonem" as son of "Olauus filius Haraldi Comari", recording that he was brought up "in prouincia Roumorum"[198]. Along with his cousin Gudrod, he supported his uncle Haakon after the latter's return to Norway and was installed as King in Ranrike and Vingulmark in 935, ruling through an appointee as he was "in the years of childhood"[199]. His uncle King Haakon I appointed Trygve to defend Viken in 946[200]. He was murdered by Gudröd, brother of King Harald[201]. The Historia Norwegie records that "Turgonem" was murdered by the sons of King Erik "Blodøks" at a place later called "Trugguaroyr id est tumulus Turgonis"[202]. Snorre records his death in 963[203]. m ([960]%29 as her first husband, ÅSTRID Eiriksdatter, daughter of EIRIK Bjordaskalle, from Oprustader & his wife ---. The Historia Norwegie records the marriage of "Turgonem" and "Astridam" in "prouincia Roumorum"[204]. Snorre records the marriage of King Trygve Olafson and "Astrid…a daughter of Eirik Bjodaskalle, a great man who dwelt at Oprustader", and her escape to her father after her husband's death, before fleeing Norway to Haakon "Gamle" in Svithjod[205]. She eventually escaped to settle with her brother Sigurd in Gardarike [Russia]. She was sold into slavery, but bought by Lodin who married her as her as her second husband and brought her back to Norway[206].
  • King of Ranrike / Vingulmark

Married

  • Married: ÅSTRID Eiriksdatter, daughter of EIRIK Bjordaskalle, from Oprustader & his wife ---. The Historia Norwegie records the marriage of "Turgonem" and "Astridam" in "prouincia Roumorum"[204]. Snorre records the marriage of King Trygve Olafson and "Astrid…a daughter of Eirik Bjodaskalle, a great man who dwelt at Oprustader", and her escape to her father after her husband's death, before fleeing Norway to Haakon "Gamle" in Svithjod[205]. She eventually escaped to settle with her brother Sigurd in Gardarike [Russia]. She was sold into slavery, but bought by Lodin who married her as her second husband and brought her back to Norway

Projects MedLends- Norway Kings

Trygve & his wife ÅSTRID Eiriksdatter had three children

  • a) INGIBJÖRG Trygvesdatter. Snorre names "Ingebjorg and Astrid…daughters of Astrid by King Trygve"[207]. Snorre records the marriage of "Ingebjorg, Trygve's daughter, King Olaf's sister" and "Earl Ragnvald, Ulf's son"[208]. married (1000) as his first wife, RAGNVOLD Ulfsson, Jarl in Västergötland, son of ULF & his wife ---.
  • b) ASTRID Trygvesdatter. Snorre "Ingebjorg and Astrid…daughters of Astrid by King Trygve"[209]. Snorre names Astrid, sister of King Olav Trygvason, and in a later passage records her marriage "in Summer" with "Erling Skjalgson"[210]. married (996) ERLING Skjalgsson of Sole, son of THORLEIF Skjalg & his wife --- (-killed in battle 1028). On his marriage, his brother-in-law invested him with the land north of Sognefjord and east of the Lidandisnes.
  • c) OLAV Trygveson (posthumously [968] Orkney-drowned Øresund o. b. Svold, near Rügen 9 Sep [1000]). The Historia Norwegie records that, after the murder of her husband, the widow of "Turgonem" fled to Orkney where she gave birth to their son "Olauum"[211]. Leaving Svithjod with his mother, he was captured by Vikings of Eistland [Estonia], but freed and taken to Holmgard by his maternal uncle Sigurd where he stayed at the court of Prince Vladimir[212]. The Historia Norwegie records that his mother sent him to Sweden to be brought up by "Thorolfo…Lusaskeg", after learning that Jarl Haakon Sigurdsson was planning to kill him, sailed for Russia but was captured by Vikings "in Eistriam" and sold as a slave. He was ransomed by "Olauo suo cognato" who had been sent as ambassador to "rege Ruscie"[213]. He left Garderike for Norway, meeting his first wife in Vindland where he remained for 3 years until she died, after which he adopted a marauding lifestyle[214]. He was one of the leaders of the attacks on England, culminating in the battle of Maldon and the signing of a treaty with Æthelred II King of England, under which 22,000 pounds of gold and silver were paid in return for a promise to help thwart future attacks. The treaty never came into full effect although the money was paid[215]. Olav claimed the throne when Haakon "the Mighty" Ladejarl, Regent of Norway, was murdered in 995. He was first accepted by the people of Trondheim, and gradually imposed himself as OLAV I King of Norway. According to Snorre[216], King Olav proposed to marry Sigrid Storrada, widow of Erik King of Sweden, but they disputed when they met. Saxo Grammaticus[217] recounts a similar story. Adam of Bremen records that "Olaph Trucconis filius" was baptised in Norway by Adaldagus Bishop of Bremen, after accepting Christianity in England following his expulsion from Norway[218]. He succeeded in establishing Christianity in Norway, building the first churches in the country. Olav I King of Norway attempted to invade Denmark but was defeated by King Svend in a naval battle "inter Sconiam et Seland", during which King Olav was drowned, after which Svend imposed himself as king of Norway[219]. The Historia Norwegie records the death in battle of King Olav[220]. married firstly ([982]%29 GYDA [Geira] of the Wends, daughter of BURISLAW King of the Wends & his wife --- (-984). Snorre names "Geira, Gunhild and Astrid" as the three daughters of "in Vindland…a king called Burizleif", recording that Geira was queen in the part of the country in which Olav landed when returning from Garderike. He records that that they married in 982 and that Olav stayed in Vindland to rule jointly with his wife[221]. Snorre records that Geira died after Olaf Trygvason had been in Vindland for three years[222]. married secondly (in England 988) as her second husband, GYDA, widow of ---, daughter of OLAF Sihtricsson King of Dublin & his [---] wife ---. Snorre records the betrothal and marriage of Olaf Trygvason to "a queen called Gyda…a sister of Olaf Kvaran who was king of Dublin in Ireland [who] had been married to a great earl in England" after whose death "she was at the head of his dominions"[223]. In a later passage, Snorre refers to "King Olaf Kvaran" as his wife's father[224]. From a chronological point of view, it seems more likely that King Olav’s wife was Olaf Sihtricsson’s daughter. married thirdly ([995]) GUDRUN Skeggesdatter, daughter of SKEGGE Asbjörnsson & his wife ---. Snorre records the marriage of King Olav and Gudrun daughter of Jarnskegge, recording that she tried to stab her husband during their first night together, after which they separated[225]. married fourthly (998) as her third husband, TYRE Haraldsdatter, widow [firstly] of STYRBJÖRN [Bj%C3%B6rn] “den Starke/the Strong" of Sweden, and divorced wife [secondly] of BURISLAW King of the Wends, daughter of HARALD I “Blåtand/Bluetooth” King of Denmark & his wife Gunhild of the Wends (-18 Sep [1000]). Snorre records Tyre's flight from her second husband to Norway and her marriage to King Olav in 999[226]. The Historia Norwegie records the marriage of King Olav and "sororem Sweinonis regis…Tyri" who had earlier been betrothed to "dux quidam de Sclauia"[227]. Adam of Bremen records the marriage of "Olaph Trucconis filius" and "a Dania superbissimam Thore" soon after he returned to Norway after exile in England[228]. Adam of Bremen records that, after the death of her husband, his wife starved herself to death[229]. King Olav I & his second wife had one child:

Projects MedLands- Norway Kings OLAV Geirstadaalf


OLAV Geirstadaalf, son of HARALD I "Hårfagre/Harfagri/Fairhair" King of Norway & his third wife Svanhild (-killed in battle Tunsberg 934, bur Tunsberg). The Historia Norwegie names "Olauus" as third son of "Haraldus Comatus"[192]. Under his father's division of territories, Vingulmark, Raumarike, Vestfold and Thelamark were granted to Olav, Björn, Sigtryg, Frode and Thorgils, Olav inherited the lands of his brother Gutthorm when the latter was killed in battle[193]. He succeeded on the death of his half-brother Guttorm as King in Glommen to Svinasund and Ranrike. On the death of his brother Björn, he became king in Vestfold, becoming "upper King" in Viken with the consent of the people on the abdication of his father in favour of his half-brother Erik[194]. After his father's death he took "all the revenues eastward in Viken" with which Erik was "very ill-pleased"[195]. The latter sailed for Tunsberg in Vike where Olav had joined forces with his half-brother Sigröd and defeated and killed the two of them[196].

m ---. The name of Olav's wife is not known

Olav Haraldsson had one son:

  • 1. TRYGVE Olavsson (-murdered Veggen [968]). Snorre names Trygve as son of Olav[197]. The Historia Norwegie names "Turgonem" as son of "Olauus filius Haraldi Comari", recording that he was brought up "in prouincia Roumorum"[198]. Along with his cousin Gudrod, he supported his uncle Haakon after the latter's return to Norway and was installed as King in Ranrike and Vingulmark in 935, ruling through an appointee as he was "in the years of childhood"[199]. His uncle King Haakon I appointed Trygve to defend Viken in 946[200]. He was murdered by Gudröd, brother of King Harald[201]. The Historia Norwegie records that "Turgonem" was murdered by the sons of King Erik "Blodøks" at a place later called "Trugguaroyr id est tumulus Turgonis"[202]. Snorre records his death in 963[203]. m ([960]%29 as her first husband, ÅSTRID Eiriksdatter, daughter of EIRIK Bjordaskalle, from Oprustader & his wife ---. The Historia Norwegie records the marriage of "Turgonem" and "Astridam" in "prouincia Roumorum"[204]. Snorre records the marriage of King Trygve Olafson and "Astrid…a daughter of Eirik Bjodaskalle, a great man who dwelt at Oprustader", and her escape to her father after her husband's death, before fleeing Norway to Haakon "Gamle" in Svithjod[205]. She eventually escaped to settle with her brother Sigurd in Gardarike [Russia]. She was sold into slavery, but bought by Lodin who married her as her second husband and brought her back to Norway

Petty King Tryggve Olavsson

By The NORWEGIAN BIOGRAPHICAL LEXICON

East Norwegian Little King. Parents: Apparently the little king Olav Haraldsson; the mother's name is not known. Married to Astrid Eiriksdatter, daughter of Eirik Bjodaskalle. Father of King Olav 1 Tryggvason (968–1000).

Right up to approx. In 1020, there were several "little kings" in Eastern Norway, and about the vast majority we lack secure knowledge beyond the name itself. This is also the case in Tryggve Olavsson's case. But as the father of hero King Olav Tryggvason, Tryggve came to play a certain role in the royal sagas, although the extent of what is being told is modest. The tradition about him was also vague, and what is said does not vary so much on key points.

The most important story that must be told about Tryggve Olavsson was that he was the descendant of Harald Hårfagre. It is thus stated that his father, Olav, was a son Harald had with an otherwise unknown Svanhild; she is said to have been the daughter of an "earl" in the Oppland, named Øystein. But apparently, Harald Hårfagre's kingdom did not include these parts of Norway, and the saga's image of the family's dominion in Eastern Norway seems like a construction in retrospect. We also see that the series of Eastland hairline descendants mentioned in the sagas form a pattern, in order to have the lineage established in the various districts, both inland and on the coast.

The alleged hair-fave son Olav is also identified in some of the sagas with Olav "Digerbein" or Olav Geirstadalv , who is otherwise said to have been Halvdan Black's half-brother - although on an uncertain basis as well. Some of the sagas, especially the elders, further state that Tryggve Olavsson's kingdom lay inland, on the Roman Empire, while the later sagas, such as Fagrskinna and Snorre, say it was Ranrike (Båhuslen). All of this shows that we are hardly dealing with any particularly firm or reliable historical tradition.

The late sagas allow Tryggve to get the royal title and the kingdom as an extension of Håkon the good. This, together with the location of his dominion to the strategically important coastal areas up to Danish waters, should obviously emphasize the dominion of the Hairdresser in Norway in general. In addition, the purpose is more specifically to raise Tryggve's status and give him increased importance.

Also in the case of Tryggve's death, the material speaks. The regular version allows the animosity of the Eirik Sons to determine his destiny. This fits with the fact that the Eirik sons already figured as "the evil persecutors" during Olav Tryggvason's childhood, a short time later. The Eirik sons should have lured Tryggve into a trap: They pretended to want him on a Viking voyage, but cut him down when he showed up. However, one of the older sagas (Ágrip) also reproduces another explanation for Tryggve's death: He should have been killed by the peasants for one thing because he was a hard ruler; it is further stated that "some" say one and "some" the other. Both explanations can be equally safe - or uncertain.

All the sagas state Sotenäs in Båhuslen as the place where the Eirik sons killed Tryggve. The dead king must then have been decapitated at Tryggö (just north of the present Kungshamn). There is a graveyard here, which is, however, much older.

Tryggve's wife Astrid Eiriksdatter must have been from a farm the saga manuscripts term as Offrustaðir or Oprustaðir, and which is said to lie on the Oppland. In recent times, Norwegian historians have guessed that this must be Obrestad on Jæren, but without any real clue. Astrid gave birth to son Olav Tryggvason shortly after Tryggve's death.

 

Sources




            

Om Tryggve Olavson (Dansk)

Tryggve Olavsson (Tryggvi Ólafsson) ca ?-963, PAM

Konge i Ranrike / Vingulmark

Histories

Tryggve Olafsson (died 963) (Old Norse: Tryggvi Ólafsson, Norwegian: Tryggve Olavsson) was king of Viken (Vingulmark and Ranrike). He was the son of Olaf Haraldsson, king of Vestfold, and grandson of Harald Fairhair.

According to Heimskringla, Tryggve ravaged in Ireland and Scotland, and performed Viking cruises in the West sea. In 946 king Håkon went north, and set Trygve to defend Viken against enemies. He also gave him all that he could reconquer of land in Denmark, which the summer before, king Håkon had subjected to payment of taxes to Tryggve.

Tryggve was killed by Eirik Bloodaxe's son Harald Greyhide as part of Haralds effort to re-unite all of Norway under his rule.

Tryggve's son, Olaf Tryggvason, later became king of Norway, and his daughter Ingeborg Tryggvasdotter married Ragnvald Ulfsson, the earl of Västergötland and later the ruler of Staraja Ladoga.

__________________________________

ALSO KNOWN AS, Tryggvi Oláfsson, Died no later than 968

Tryggve Olavsson was a Norwegian small king who lived in the 900s. He was the father of Olav Tryggvason. According to Snorre, Tryggve was the descendant of Harald Hårfagre, but this is considered very uncertain.

Until around 1020 there were several "little kings" in Eastern Norway, and in most cases we lack certain knowledge beyond the name itself. Tryggve Olavsson plays a certain role in the king's songs as father of Olav Tryggvason and the generation of Harald Hairfagre.

According to the sagas, Tryggve should have been King of the Gulf and / or Romerike. Older sources such as Ågrip (about 1190) and Historia Norvegiæ (about 1170) make Tryggve an independent king. The late sagas, such as Heimskringla (about 1230) and Fagrskinna (about 1220), allow Tryggve to get the royal title and the kingdom as an extension of Harald Hairfager's son Håkon the good. This will obviously emphasize the rule of law in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. On the other hand, it is unlikely that Hakon the Good had any power in Eastern Norway, as Harald Hårfagre and his descendants had their kingdom in Western Norway. That Hakon the good gave Tryggve a kingdom in Eastern Norway is therefore probably a construction of the 1200's saga writers.

Tryggve has been lured in a trap by Eirik's sons, sons of Eirik Blodøks. Eirik's sons felt like they wanted Trygve on the Viking trip, but hugged him down when he met up. His wife Astrid gave birth to his son Olav Tryggvason shortly after.


Tryggve Olavsson (born between 925-935, dead 963 in Alvheim / Båhuslen) was the son of Olav Geirstadalv Haraldsson, who was one of the sons of Harald Hårfagre. When his father was killed by Eirik Blodøks in 934, he fled to the Oppland.

After Harald Hårfagre's death in the 940s, it was thought that the eldest son, Eirik Blodøks, had to have half of the royal income across the country as a superior. Hakon was another of Harald Hairfager's sons. He had been raised at King Adalstein of England and now returned to Norway and joined a union with Sigurd Ladejarl in Trøndelag. They waited for a settlement with Eirik, but he did not turn out. He left the country and never returned.

Håkon Haraldsson "Adelsteinsfostre" was now the only-one or at least the acclaimed king, but he hardly ever got the power his father had. His real kingdom was the coastal land from Møre to Agder. In Trøndelag he was probably acknowledged as chief lord, but first and foremost prevailed Earl Sigurd. He had no real influence on the Oppland countries. In the Gulf he made the sons of sons Tryggve Olavsson and Gudrød Bjørnssson sit with the board. The men needed local authority here, the Danes had old demands on the Viken, and recently Denmark was once again united under one king, which soon could begin to show teeth. But for the time being, Håkon and Tryggve were able to assert their dominion to Götaelven.


Rather, Ola is away from the evil queen Gunnhild and her men, like a Herod after the child to kill it. Finally, Astrid sought East in Gardarike, where she had an uncle. But on the road, the ship was taken by Vikings, and the whole sequel was sold as trolls. Olav ended up in Estonia, where he was first recognized and purchased free of charge many years later. The youth he now spent at Vladimir in Novgorod until he became old enough to get a ship and crew and go to the Viking.

Much of this may be correct. The Baltic Sea became at least Olavs first space, after scallop to judge. It may be that he has been in vendical service for some time. According to the sagas, he married a lighthouse daughter there, and it was only when she died he left west and joined the Vikings who ravaged in England and Ireland.

This is where we first meet him on a safe historical basis. In 991, the Anglo-Saxon annals tell, Olav appeared outside the Thames as a legend for a very Viking fleet. The Vikings attacked first at Folkestone, since they ravaged north along the coast, via Sandwish and Ipswich. An Anglo-Saxon Earl in East Anglia tried to stop them at Maldon, but the Vikings triumphed, and the earl fell. He was since the hero in a famous memory of the battle. The king saw no way other than resorting to the old method: buy the Vikings against cash - 10,000 pounds of silver.

From Snorri Sturlason: Håkon Earl's story:

"4. It was an autumn Håkon Earl went to the Oppland. When he came down to Hedmark, King Trygve Olavson and King Gudrød Bjørnson came and met him. Dale-Gudbrand also came. They sat together and sat long and talked together in a single room, but it turned out they were all friends. Then they separated, each went home to his kingdom. This allowed Gunnhild and her sons to act, and they suspected that there might be thought of landslides against the kings (Gunnhild's sons). They often talked about this with each other.

King Gudrød sailed the shipwreck east to the Gulf and looked east over the fold. There he sent to King Trygve to come and meet him, so they should go to Austerveg both to swear in summer. King Trygve would like to take part in this. He had heard that Gudrød had few people, King Trygve came to him with only one shuttle. They met east of Sotenes ved Vegger (in Båhuslen). But when they went to talk to each other, Gudrød's men ran and killed King Trygve and twelve men. He is where there is now Trygve-røyr (on Tryggøya). "1)

1). Snorre Sturlason: Olav Trygveson's saga. Snorre Sturlason: Håkon Earl's story, section 4. Cappelen's Norway History: Bind 2, page 101f, 107, 215. C.M. Munthe: Norwegian Badges, NST Bind I (1928), page 341. Mogens Bugge: Our ancestors, No. 708. Bent and Vidar Billing Hansen: The ancestors of Rosenverdslekt, page 77, 93.

 

Tryggve Olavsson, King in Vigen and Romerike

M, #42880, d. 968

Last Edited=9 Aug 2004

Tryggve Olavsson, King in Vigen and Romerike was the son of Olav, King in Vigen. He died in 968, murdered.

Tryggve Olavsson, King in Vigen and Romerike gained the title of King in Vigen and Romerike.

Child of Tryggve Olavsson, King in Vigen and Romerike and Astrid (?)

-1. Olav Tryggvesson, King of Norway b. 968, d. 999

Forrás:


Sources

Snorre Sturlasson: Olav Trygvesson's saga. Snorre Sturlasson: The story of Håkon Earl, Section 4. Cappelen's History of Norway: Bind 2, page 101f, 107, 215. C.M. Munthe: Norwegian Badges, NST Bind I (1928), page 341. Mogens Bugge: Our ancestors, No. 708. Bent and Vidar Billing Hansen: The ancestors of Rosenverdslekt, page 77, 93.

Stamkonung i Viken, dog 965.

Om Tryggve Olavsson (Norsk)

Dagens historikere antar at det meste er funnet opp av Snorre selv og at det ikke er å se på som historiske fakta, derfor er hans lenke til hans forfedre slettet.

Tryggve Olavsson, konge i Viken fra 952 til 963.

Han var en lokal stormann på Østlandet. Han bodde i Ranrike.

  • Trygve var født mellom 925-935, sønn av Olav Geirstadalv Haraldsson, moren var ukjent.
  • Tryggve var gift med Astrid Eiriksdotter, de hadde barna Olav Tryggvason norsk konge fra 995-1000, Astrid og Ingeborg.
  • 952 Det brøt ut krig mot Danmark, Tryggve i vesterviking i Irland og Skottland. Han kom hjem samme vinter og fikk da overdratt kongedømmet i Viken med plikt til å forsvare landet mot ufred. Han styrte også i Østfold og på Romeriket. Eirikssønnene angrep, men måtte vike.
  • I Vestfold hersket hans unge søskenbarn, Gudrød Bjørnsson, men Tryggve var overkonge og den som styrte.
  • I 962 inngikk han forbund med Håkon jarl og deltok i en konspirasjon mot Eirikssønnene sammen Gudrød Bjørnsson og Dale-Gudbrand.
  • 963 Tryggve skal ha blitt drept øst for Sotenäs ved Veggir i Båhuslen i et bakhold av Gudrød Eiriksson, bror til kong Harald Gråfell.
  1. https://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tryggve_Olavsson
  2. http://www.olhov.net/jarl.html
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Tryggvė Olafssonas's Timeline