Zhao Kuangyin 趙匡胤, Emperor Taizu of Song

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【(開封)】趙匡胤 (元朗)

Chinese: 〔宋〕太祖啟運立極英武睿文神德聖功至明大孝皇帝【(開封)】趙匡胤(二) (元朗)
Birthdate: (49)
Death: November 14, 976 (49)
Immediate Family:

Son of Zhao Hongyin 趙弘殷 and 杜氏
Husband of He Shi of Zhao Kuang Yin ) 賀氏(趙匡胤妻); 孝明皇后 王氏 and Song Shi of Zhao Kuang Yin ) 宋氏(趙匡胤妻)
Father of Zhao Shizhu 趙士𑸕; Zhao Shi of Shi Bao Ji ) 趙氏(石保吉妻); Zhao Shi of Wei Xian Xin ) 趙氏(魏咸信妻); Zhao Dexiu 趙德秀; Zhao Dezhao 趙德昭 and 2 others
Brother of Zhao Gui 趙炅, Emperor Taizong of Song; 趙匡濟 and 趙光贊
Half brother of Zhao Tingmei 趙廷美; Zhao Shi (sister of Zhao Kuangyin) 趙氏(趙匡胤妹) and 趙廷美

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About Zhao Kuangyin 趙匡胤, Emperor Taizu of Song

Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), personal name Zhao Kuangyin, courtesy name Yuanlang, was the founder and first emperor of the Song dynasty in China. He reigned from 960 until his death in 976. Formerly a distinguished military general of the Later Zhou dynasty, Emperor Taizu came to power after staging a coup d'état and forcing Emperor Gong, the last Later Zhou ruler, to abdicate the throne in his favour.

During his reign, Emperor Taizu conquered the states of Southern Tang, Later Shu, Southern Han and Jingnan, thus reunifying most of China proper and effectively ending the tumultuous Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. To strengthen his control, he lessened the power of military generals and relied on civilian officials in administration. He was succeeded by his younger brother, Zhao Kuangyi (Emperor Taizong).


Zhao Kuangyin 趙匡胤 Zhao(1) Taizu [9001] Mingzi=Kuangyin. A Zhuozhou (Liao territory) resident, who was the second son of Hongyin [3198], a military officer. He was born in Luoyang. Taizong's [9002] elder brother, Xiaozong's [9011] 7th generation ancestor, Song(2) Wu's [7066] son-in-law, father-in-law of Wei(5) Xianxian [7093] and of Wang(2) Kechen's [1834] grandfather, Chengyan [3939], and Xiang(2) Zhuanfan's [7238] grandfather-in-law. His empress' younger sister was Zhang(1) Xun(1)'s [232] wife. Du(3) Chang [1721] was the grandson of his kin. His great great grandson Shien's [3209] father-in-law was Song(2) Shou (1575)'s brother. Shien's son-in-law, Song(2) Anguo [3788], was Song(2) Xiang's [8119] son. CBD, 4, 2935 (first empress, born He(4), who died in 958 at age 30 and was posthumously invested as empress after Taizu became emperor). CBD, 1, 761.From Hartwell's ACTIVITY table:954: Apt. Dianqian Du yuhou (State Council)959: Made Concurrently Du Dianjian (In State Council from 954 until he became emperor in 1/960). — RMH