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Emil Kohn

Birthdate: (60)
Birthplace: Markt Erlbach, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Death: March 5, 1906 (60)
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Anton Kohn and Katherina (Kathie) Kohn
Husband of Wilhelmina Kohn
Father of Martin Kohn; Kommerzienrat Richard Kohn, Dr. jur.; Elise Lilly Sofie Kann and Johanna Karoline Kohn Gugenheim
Brother of Sophie Brüll; Johanna Kohn; Auguste Kohn; Louise Kohn; Nanette Berlin and 2 others

Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:

About Emil Kohn

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Kohn

Google translation of German Wikipedia entry:

Emil Kohn

Emil Kohn (born October 30, 1845 in Markt Erlbach , † March 5, 1906 in Nuremberg ) was a Nuremberg private banker . [1]

Family

Emil Kohn came from a market of hop-growers in Markt Erlbach: his grandparents were Mayer (1772-1838) and Nanette Kohn. His uncle, Josef Kohn, had moved to Nuremberg in 1845 and about five years later, as the first Jew after 350 years, had been given permission to settle there. His father, Anton Kohn (1820-1882) followed this in 1848, founded a hop trade, including later bank and exchange transactions belonged. In 1852, the Kohn brothers acquired the house Königstraße 26, corner Brunnengasse, opposite the Lorenzkirche for 27,500 guldens. (Reconstructed after destruction in the war and the today's drugstore Muller.) In 1859 they were among the founding members of the Israelite Religious Association. Anton was accepted in 1860 in the Masonic lodge Joseph to the unity . He was a member of the Progressive Party , was from 1872 Member of the City Council and from 1876 on the District of Middle Franconia. In 1878, when the Kohn brothers separated with their sons, Josef moved to Königstraße 41 with his business. In 1867, Josef had founded the Sophie Kohn's Polytechnic Foundation at the request of his deceased wife. Anton determined in his will an amount of 10,000 marks for charitable purposes, which were divided by his heirs to various organizations. The heirs also set up the Anton Kohn Foundation for impoverished merchants.

Life

Emil Kohn took over his father's company in 1882 with his younger brother Georg Friedrich (1855-1919). Six years later, he focused exclusively on the leadership of the bank. When in 1905 the Bayerische Hypotheken- und Wechsel-Bank tried in vain to take over the bank, working capital amounted to eight million marks at 6.25% profit. He was on the supervisory boards of Elektrizitäts-AG formerly Schuckert , the Augsburger Straßenbahn AG and the Aktienbrauerei Löwenbräu represented; Georg Friedrich at the Mars works . 1887-1896 in the college of the municipal representative, he held several times the budgetary department. In 1885 he became Marktadjunkt and 1892 market chief and commercial judge.

1895-1897 Emil had his villa built on the former garden grounds Campestraße 10 to the plans of the Nuremberg architect Emil Hecht in Rococo style. An oval, southwest facing staircase connects the north and east building wings.

With his wife Wilhelmine (1858-1940), the daughter of Markus Maas from Grünstadt, he had seven children, including:

* Elise (1879-1942) married Oberpostassessor Paul Max Kann (1868-1935), who was replaced in the spring of 1933 by postmaster Andreas Enzensberger, the former head of the radio guard, as the managing director of the post office. [4] They lived with their daughters Charlotte and Helene Kann in the mansion. 
  • Johanna Kohn (1882-1942), married Gugenheimer
  • Martin (1877-1942)
  • Richard (1881-1941), was diverse in local politics active.

Aftermath

After his death in 1906, the two sons continued the banking business. In 1911 they participated in the founding of the large power plant Franken with others. In 1922 they opened a deposit fund in the Bauerngasse. In the last few years, until the summer of 1938, when Richard Zuchthaus was threatened with racial shame, they were able to defend themselves against harassment. [5]

When the equipment of the villa was smashed during Kristallnacht in November 1938, at the request of the caretaker the thugs left their eighty-year-old widow, Wilhelmine, alone. In the course of the Aryanization, the building complex on Campestraße became the property of Gauleiter Julius Streicher for ten percent of the unit value; and was used from 1940 by the Reich Labor Service. The sons were deported to the camp Jungfernhof in 1941 and 1942 and did not survive there.

The villa was recovered by his granddaughters who had spent the war in the United States, 1946-1952 back and sold in 1955 to the Society Museum eV . Due to immense maintenance costs of the building parts of the garden had to be sold to the housing project Campe-Park . In addition, the villa now houses a restaurant, a dance school and an architecture office. The few surviving company documents owned Charlotte's son, John E. Metzger (1919-2013) in the United States.

Literature

  • Maren Janetzko: The Bankhouse Anton Kohn in Nuremberg (1878-1938) - The History of a Jewish Private Bank and its Owners; University of Erlangen-Nuremberg ; 1997 [7]
  • Maren Janetzko: Have not you seen Bankhaus Kohn? (Abridged and revised version)

Notes:

1. Emil Kohn. Accessed on April 10, 2017 (American English).

2. Manfred H. Grieb: Nuremberg Artists' Encyclopaedia: Visual artists, artisans, scholars, collectors, cultural workers and patrons from the 12th to the middle of the 20th century . Walter de Gruyter, 2007, ISBN 978-3-11-091296-8 ( google.de [accessed April 10, 2017]).

3. Father of Hans Magnus Enzensberger

4. Olaf Hartung: Museums of Industrialism

5. Ingo Köhler: The "Aryanization" of private banks in the Third Reich: repression, elimination and the question of compensation . CH Beck, 2005, ISBN 978-3-406-53200-9 ( google.de [accessed April 10, 2017]).

6. Nuremberg, Campestr. 10, residential building; German Reich, formerly Jewish. Owners: Emil and Wilhelmine Kohn - German Digital Library. Accessed on April 10, 2017 .

7. Center for Jewish History: CJH Digital Collections. Accessed on April 10, 2017 (English).


See photos under "Media" tab, including photo of the obituary, in German, translated below.

____________________________

Edited computer-translated obituary from "Allgemeinen Zeitung des Judentums” “General Newspaper for Judaism,” March, 16 1906:

"Nürnberg, March 5th (1906). Banker Emil Kohn, the senior partner of the famous banking house Anton Kohn, died suddenly today. Gone is a personality engaged in influential and successful non-profit activities in the public life of Nuremberg. Born 30 October 1845 in Erlbach, he was first with the banking firm Mayer Kohn and then, in July 1878, together with his father Anton, founded Bankhaus Anton Kohn, which he has brought to its present height. (Anton Kohn for many years was Municipal Councilor and financial advisor to the city of Nuremberg. It should be mentioned in passing that the brother of his father, Georg [sic...actually Josef] Kohn in 1848 [sic…actually 1850] became the first Jewish citizen of Nuremberg [in 350 years]). Emil Kohn was in charge of the municipal council budget from to 1887 to 1896; he knew how to deal with difficulties in the clearest manner. Often-taken attempts to secure his leadership for other municipal tasks failed because of the large burden already on his shoulders. He belonged to the Chamber of Commerce since 1885, and was one of its most influential, most skilled and best-informed members. He demonstrated excellent intelligence and untiring creativity, coupled with the strictest probity. He has done much for the sake of art, which in him always found a willing patron. He recently received a medal for his work as Treasurer of the Committee to erect a monument to Kaiser Wilhelm I. He worked resolutely his whole life in the interests of liberalism. He belonged to the National Committee and the local Nuremberg chapter of the Free-Minded Party, and proved himself always and everywhere as a loyal party member, who never failed in word or deed. His memory will not be forgotten in Nuremberg."

(Any German speakers who want to improve on this translation, please feel free)


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http://www.gesellschaft-museum.de/top_geschichte/geschichte2.html

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Emil Kohn's parents, Anton Kohn and Katherina Arnstein, were first cousins. Anton's mother Nanette Kohn (Arnstein) and Katherina's father, Salomon Seckel Arnstein, were siblings.

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Emil Kohn's Timeline

1845
October 30, 1845
Markt Erlbach, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1877
October 26, 1877
Age 31
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1879
September 14, 1879
Age 33
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1881
February 11, 1881
Age 35
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1882
February 2, 1882
Age 36
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1906
March 5, 1906
Age 60
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany