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10th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry

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Organized at Springfield June 21, 1861. Moved to Washington, D. C., July 25-28. Attached to Couch's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861.

Couch's Brigade, Buell's (Keyes') Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Duty at Kalorama Heights and Camp Brightwood, Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. March to Prospect Hill, Va., March 11-15. Embarked at Alexandria for the Peninsula, Virginia, March 25.

Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4.

Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Oak Grove, near Seven Pines, June 25. White Oak Swamp June 30. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Malvern Hill July 1.

1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to Sept., 1862. Reconnaissance to Turkey Island August 5-6, and to Haxall's Landing August 8-11. At Ball's Bluff till August 16.

1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to October, 1862 Movement to Alexandria August 16-September 1, thence march into Maryland September 3-18.

Battle of Antietam September 18, 1862. Other Name: Sharpsburg Campaign: Maryland Campaign Principal Commanders: Major General George McClellan [US] Major General Robert Lee [CS]

Estimated Casualties: 22700 total (US 12400; CS 10300)

On September 16, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan confronted Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Sharpsburg, Maryland. At dawn September 17, Hooker's corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee's left flank that began the single bloodiest day in American military history. Attacks and counterattacks swept across Miller's cornfield and fighting swirled around the Dunker Church. Union assaults against the Sunken Road eventually pierced the Confederate center, but the Federal advantage was not followed up. Late in the day, Burnside's corps finally got into action, crossing the stone bridge over Antietam Creek and rolling up the Confederate right. At a crucial moment, A.P. Hill's division arrived from Harpers Ferry and counterattacked, driving back Burnside and saving the day. Although outnumbered two-to-one, Lee committed his entire force, while McClellan sent in less than three-quarters of his army, enabling Lee to fight the Federals to a standstill. During the night, both armies consolidated their lines. In spite of crippling casualties, Lee continued to skirmish with McClellan throughout the 18th, while removing his wounded south of the river. McClellan did not renew the assaults. After dark, Lee ordered the battered Army of Northern Virginia to withdraw across the Potomac into the Shenandoah Valley.

At Downsville September 18-October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H. October 20-November 18, and to Belle Plains December 5.

Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15.

2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to January, 1864. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863.

Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.

Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.

Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 6-7.

Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Held in reserve; did triage and clean up detail after the battle.

Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.

4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to July, 1864 Reconnoissanee to Madison C. H. February 27-March 2. At Brandy Station till May 1, 1864.

Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania C. H. May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey June 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31.

Cold Harbor June 1-12.

Before Petersburg June 17-19. Ordered home for muster out June 19. Mustered out July 6, 1864.

Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 55 Enlisted men by disease. Total 190.