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Abraham Lincoln Brigade

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Profiles

  • Rose Weiner (1908 - 1995)
    Rose Weiner (1908-1995) was born in Lyubar, Russia into a Jewish family. As a child Rose experienced the harsh conditions of the Russian Revolution and counter-revolution while she, her mother and sibl...
  • Leo D. Eloesser, M.D. (1881 - 1976)
    Leo Eloesser (July 29, 1881-October 4, 1976), a noted thoracic surgeon, was born in San Francisco. He spent his undergraduate years at Berkeley and in 1901 went to Germany to study medicine. He became ...
  • Del Berg (1915 - 2016)
    The Last Volunteer As told to DAN KAUFMAN It was 1937, and the Fascists had already revolted in Spain. I was walking down a street in Hollywood when I saw a sign — “Friends of the Abr...
  • George Chaikin (1908 - 1992)
    George Chaikin (whose Communist Party name was George Auvan) was born in 1908 and raised in New York City. While at Princeton University, he was active in a movement to integrate movie theaters in Tren...

During the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), almost forty thousand men and women from fifty-two countries, including 2,800 Americans, traveled to Spain to join the International Brigades to help fight fascism. The U.S. volunteers served in various units (medical, combat and transportation) and came to be known collectively as the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.

"The Spanish Civil War claimed an estimated 500,000 dead; of the American volunteers about one third (estimated: 800) died in Spain. Many of the remaining veterans continued their fight against fascism during World War II, as did thousands of Republican exiles. With their help, fascism was finally defeated in 1945. Ironically, the outbreak of the Cold War helped secure Franco’s position as Spain’s anti-Communist dictator. When, after his death in 1975, Spain finally became a democracy, the Spanish government made honorary citizens of the international volunteers. Many of them remained life-long activists." (2)

  • This project celebrates and salutes their courage. Their war didn't end with this stance against fascism; some of those who served were infamously called before the HUAC Committee to testify against their comrades in arms.

Please add profiles to the project (must be set to public). Collaborators, feel free to update this project overview.

American "Notables" associated with the Abraham Lincoln Brigade and the cause of the Spanish Republicans include

Resources

  1. Abraham Lincoln Brigade members - Wikipedia list
  2. The Abraham Lincoln Brigade and the Spanish Civil War
  3. Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives
  4. The Front Lines of Social Change: Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
  5. The Odyssey of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Americans in the Spanish Civil War by Peter N. Carroll. 1994.