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Atchison County, Kansas

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  • Chester Louis Mize, Sr. (1879 - 1948)
  • Ben F Stringfellow ("Border Ruffian" leader) (1816 - 1891)
    Another man of the same name (a nephew) but born June 18, 1840 on the same plantation in Culpeper County, Virginia, and who died on June 8, 1913, was a noted Confederate spy who became an Episcopal pri...
  • John J. Ingalls, U.S. Senator (1833 - 1900)
    John James Ingalls (December 29, 1833 – August 16, 1900) was an American politician. John James Ingalls was born in Middleton, Massachusetts, on December 29, 1833. He graduated from Williams Coll...
  • Sheffield Ingalls (1875 - 1937)
    Sheffield Ingalls (March 28, 1875 – January 17, 1937) was a banker, attorney and Republican politician in the state of Kansas. He served as the 20th Lieutenant Governor of Kansas from 1913–1915 servi...
  • George W. Glick, Governor (1827 - 1911)
    George Washington Glick (July 4, 1827 – April 13, 1911) was the ninth Governor of Kansas. George Washington Glick was raised on his father's farm near Greencastle, Ohio. He enlisted for service in ...

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Atchison County, Kansas.

Official Website


Named for David Rice Atchison (1807-1886), United States senator from Missouri at the time of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

French explorers and trappers were the first Europeans to journey across what became Atchison County. Etienne de Bourgmont, military commander of the French colony of Louisiana, led the first recorded expedition to the region in the summer of 1724, although others had probably visited before him. The next recorded explorer was Perin du Luc, who reached the area in 1802-1803.

Perhaps the most famed explorers of Atchison County were Lewis and Clark, whose expedition travelled up the Missouri River in the summer of 1804. On the eventing of July 4th, the company discovered a creek in the northeast corner of the county, naming it Independence Creek in honor of the holiday.

Paschal Pensoneau (or Pensinau) was the first settler to take up permanent residence in the county, settling along Stranger Creek in 1839. Five years later he opened a trading post and a farm.

When Kansas Territory was opened for settlement in 1854, the townsite of Atchison was founded by Senator Atchison and his friends, and dedicated on July 4, 1854. The town of Sumner, twelve miles to the south, attempted to replace Atchison as the county seat in 1858, but the proposal was soundly defeated.

Adjacent Counties

Cities & Townships

  • Atchison (County Seat)
  • Benton
  • Center
  • Effingham
  • Grasshopper
  • Huron
  • Kapioma
  • Lancaster
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Muscotah
  • Shannon
  • Walnut



Atchison County Courthouse

The Francis & Harriet Baker House

The J.P. Brown House

Amelia Earhart Birthplace

The Glick-Orr House

The Harwi House

The Hetherington House

The Frank Howard House

The Edgar Howe House

The Price-Jansen House

The McInteer Villa

The Muchnic House

The Robert Pease House

The John Price Villa

The Stein House

The B.B. Waggener House

The Balie P. Waggener House