British Ships to South Africa in the 1800's - Oriental
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- Type: Barque
- Master: Captain W. Wilson
- Rigging: Ship; sheathed in copper in 1839; partly fastened with iron bolts
- Tonnage: 506 - 507 tons
- Construction: 1830 in Cochin, using Teak
- Owners: R. Barry
- Port of registry: London
- Port of survey: London
- Voyage: sailed mainly for New Zealand but of South African interest as she called in at Cape Town and St. Helena, as was the custom with ships carrying passengers.
Captain: William Wilson Passengers 155 Sailed London 15th Sept 1839 - arrived Port Nicholson 31st Jan 1840, First ship to sail from London, and second to reach Port Nicholson, was the ‘Oriental’, 506 tons, Captain William Wilson, by which 155 people came out, 62 being males and 93 females.
Sailing from Gravesend on September 15th, 1839, and Deal six days later, she called at the island of Santiago, Cape Verde Group, and that was the last land seen until on January 22nd she entered Port Hardy, that being the day the ‘Aurora’ reached Port Nicholson.
Captain: William Wilson Surgeon Superintendent: Dr J. Fitzgerald Arthur C. Kemball, Surgeon-Superintendent Passengers 91 Sailed Plymouth 22 June 1841 - arrived New Plymouth 07 November 1841 after first calling in at Port Nicholson did not put in at the Cape.
Passengers totalled 112 males and 79 females - a total of 191 There were only 90 emigrants aboard, upon reaching New Zealand and only one cabin passenger - Mr Charles Armitage Brown, the friend of Keats, the poet. Sixteen other cabin passengers had left the ship at Port Nicholson, as they did not like the reports they heard about Taranaki. The Oriental had a fine weather passage from the Old Land. As she had so few passengers and little cargo beyond the belongings of the passengers, she got quick discharge.
Return of the immigrants …[line cut off] Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, per the Oriental, with a statement of the expenses incurred :- NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS ARRIVED, - Adults Married – Males 32, Females 32 ; Single – Males 54, Females 25 - Total 143. Children between 1 and 14 Males 21, Females 19 – Total 40 Children under 1 year Male 4 , Female 7 – Total 11 Total of the above 194, equal to 163 statute adults.
DESCRIPTION OF IMMIGRANTS , - Farm laborers 65, shepherds 2, gardeners 1, smiths 7, carpenters 7, wheelwrights 1, bricklayers 1, masons 2, female house servants 16, dairymaids 5, female farm servants 27, women (married) not above specified 10, children 50 – Total 194
Amount of passage money, gratuities to the Surgeon Superintendent, Schoolmaster, and Officers of the Ship, and expenses incurred after arrival : Passage money £1650 7 6, Gratuities £120 10, Expenses at Cape Town £127 7 8½. Expenses at Port Elizabeth £152 6 9 – Total £2054 11 11½. Remarks – 88 of the Immigrants were provided for in Cape Town between the 25th August and the 7th October, 1848 and 106 proceeded on, in the same ship to Port Elizabeth, and were there provided for between the 11th Sep. and the 11th Nov. Grahamstown Journal Saturday January 6 1849 http://www.eggsa.org/newspapers/index.php/grahamstown-journal/91-gj-1849-jan-mar
Arrived Australia 17 April 1850 http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/guides-and-finding-aids/nrs-lists/nrs-5316#the-list-of-ships
From London, Captain Macey; arrived at Lyttelton during August. After landing passengers and cargo, she was employed trading between Australia and New Zealand. On the 26th November she bought over 80 horses, 150 head cattle, and 1500 sheep for Wellington and Lyttelton.
Arrivals Port of San Francisco
- May 7: Ship Oriental, 100(?) days from New York 1003 tons.
London (4 Nov 1855) to Auckland (25 Feb 1856) Under Captain J.C. Macey From Portsmouth, arrived at Auckland February 26th, with passengers and cargo, 108 days out. She Proceeded on to Lyttelton.
- Departed London 01 Apr 1857 arriving Hobart 25 Jul 1857 with 67 immigrants.
Sources: Pearce, Ian & Cowling, Clare, Guide To The Public Records Of Tasmania, Section Four, Free Immigration, Archives Office of Tasmania, 1975, p101. Newspaper report The Hobart Town Mercury, Monday 27 Jul 1857, p2. Passengers DORRINGTON, John & Eliza with family
- England to Nelson
- Baillie Capt. William
- Baillie Mrs Hannah
- Greensill Mr J.A.R. (brother of Mrs Baillie)
- Source: Brave Days - Pioneer Women of NZ, 1939
- Sailed from London June 11th; arrived at Nelson October 6th; after landing passengers proceeded to Wellington, arriving on October 13th, and landing 56 passengers. She then sailed for Lyttelton, arriving at that port on November 16th.
London to Dunedin (10 Feb 1859) Under Captain Macey Sailed from London November 1st, 1858; arrived at Port Chalmers on February 10th, and Lyttelton on February 17th. Captain Macey was in command during all the voyages from England after the first passage to Wellington, and Captain Hyde, according to the reports published in Wellington, had charge of the vessel when trading to New South Wales.
Sources: http://members.iinet.net.au/~perthdps//shipping/mig-nz1.htm http://winsomegriffin.com/Lethbridge/Voyage_Oriental.html http://gilesfamily.co.nz/oriental.htm http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlists/oriental.html