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CWGC: Mikra British Cemetery, Kalamaria, Greece

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  • William Spencer Norton Grimmer (1871 - 1916)
    GRIMMER, S W H Rank: Conductor Service No: S/2237 Date of Death: 12/07/1916 Regiment/Service: Army Ordnance Corps 124th Coy. attd. Stavros Ammunition Depot Grave Reference: 1773. Cemetery: MIKRA BRIT...
  • Frederick Robert Back (1888 - 1918)
    BACK, FREDERICK ROBERT Rank: Private Service No: 12663 Date of Death: 26/10/1918 Age: 30 Regiment/Service: Army Cyclist Corps attd. Macedonian Labour Corps Grave Reference: 677. Cemetery: MIKRA BRITI...
  • Margaret Rogers (1887 - 1915)
    Margaret Rogers was born in Oamaru on 11th December, 1887. She was one of five daughters, and had a brother. Her parents moved to Banks Peninsula, living at Wainui. She trained as a nurse at Christch...
  • Sister Frances Ethel Astell (1878 - 1917)
    LOTFWW ASTELL, FRANCES ETHEL Rank: Sister Date of Death: 17/12/1917 Age: 38 Regiment/Service: Territorial Force Nursing Service Grave Reference: 187. Cemetery: MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY, KALAMARIA Add...
  • Cemetery Name: Mikra British Cemetery
  • Cemetery Location: Greece
  • Total Known Casualties: 1800

Location Information:

Mikra British Cemetery is situated approximately 8 kilometres south of Thessaloniki, in the municipality of Kalamaria (behind the army camp of Ntalipi). . Access is via the main entrance on Vryoylon Street, directly opposite the communal cemetery of Kalamaria.

Historical Information:

At the invitation of the Greek Prime Minister, M.Venizelos, Salonika (now Thessalonika) was occupied by three French Divisions and the 10th (Irish) Division from Gallipoli in October 1915. Other French and Commonwealth forces landed during the year and in the summer of 1916, they were joined by Russian and Italian troops. In August 1916, a Greek revolution broke out at Salonika, with the result that the Greek national army came into the war on the Allied side. The town was the base of the British Salonika Force and it contained, from time to time, eighteen general and stationary hospitals. Three of these hospitals were Canadian, although there were no other Canadian units in the force. The earliest Commonwealth burials took place in the local Protestant and Roman Catholic cemeteries, and the Anglo-French (now Lembet Road) Military Cemetery was used from November 1915 to October 1918. The British cemetery at Mikra was opened in April 1917, remaining in use until 1920. The cemetery was greatly enlarged after the Armistice when graves were brought in from a number of burial grounds in the area. MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY now contains 1,810 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, as well as 147 war graves of other nationalities. Within the cemetery will be found the MIKRA MEMORIAL, commemorating almost 500 nurses, officers and men of the Commonwealth forces who died when troop transports and hospital ships were lost in the Mediterranean, and who have no grave but the sea. They are commemorated here because others who went down in the same vessels were washed ashore and identified, and are now buried at Thessalonika.