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Cherokee County, Oklahoma

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Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Cherokee County, Oklahoma.

History

The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, states that the county was created from the Tahlequah District of the Cherokee Nation in 1906.

The Cherokee moved to this area as a result of the forced relocation brought about by the Indian Removal Act of 1830, also known as Trail Of Tears. The first significant settlements were at the site of Park Hill, where there was already a mission community, and Tahlequah, which became the seat of Cherokee government. However the Civil War divided the tribe and caused many of the early structures to be destroyed. Non-Indians began moving into the area illegally starting in the mid-1870s, and became the majority by the 1890s.

In 1851, the Cherokee Male Seminary opened in Tahlequah and the Cherokee Female Seminary opened in Park Hill. The latter burned down in 1887 and was rebuilt in Tahlequah. A 1910 fire destroyed the Male Seminary. The Female Seminary became Northeastern State Normal School after statehood in 1907 and is now part of Northeastern State University.

During 1901 – 1903, The Ozark and Cherokee Central Railway, which later became part of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway was the first to build a track in the county. It boosted the shipment of farm products through the 1920s, but declined during the Great Depression. All rail service ceased in 1942.

Adjacent County

Cities, Towns & Communities

  • Briggs
  • Cookson
  • Dry Creek
  • Eldon
  • Fort Gibson
  • Gideon
  • Grandview
  • Hulbert
  • Keys
  • Lost City
  • Oaks
  • Park Hill
  • Peggs
  • Pettit
  • Qualls
  • Scraper
  • Shady Grove
  • Steely Hollow
  • Tahlequah (County Seat)
  • Tenkiller
  • Teresita
  • Welling
  • Woodall
  • Zeb

Links

Wikipedia

Cherokee Female Seminary

Cherokee National Capitol

Cherokee National Jail

The George M. Murrell Home