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Clark County, Indiana

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Profiles

  • Brig. General George Rogers Clark (1752 - 1818)
    George Rogers Clark (November 19, 1752 – February 13, 1818) was a soldier from Virginia and the highest ranking American military officer on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolutionar...
  • Capt. James Thomas Drummond (1824 - 1890)
    Aged 65 years 2 months 17 days. Captain Company K 4th Iowa Cav. James T. Drummond was 37, and living in Henry County, Iowa, when he joined Co. K of the 4th Iowa Cavalry as their Captain. He was offic...
  • Colonel Sanders (1890 - 1980)
    Kentucky Fried Chicken, pioneered by Colonel Harland Sanders, has grown to become one of the largest quick service food service systems in the world - with more than a billion "finger lickin' good" Ken...
  • Major General Joseph Joseph Bartholomew, Sr. (1766 - 1840)
    United States Army Major General. Born in New Jersey, during the Revolutionary War he served as a scout on patrols against marauding Indians. After the war, he was engaged in surveying the territory th...

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Clark County, Indiana.

Official Website

History

Clark County lies on the north bank of the Ohio River. A significant gateway to the state of Indiana, Clark County's settlement began in 1783. The state of Virginia rewarded General George Rogers Clark and his regiment for their victorious capture of Forts Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes from the British, by granting them 150,000 acres of land. A small portion of this land, 1,000 acres, became known as Clarksville, the first authorized American settlement in the Northwest Territory, founded the next year in 1784.

Clark County was formed on 3 February 1801, with territory annexed from Knox, the first county formed in the Territory in 1790. This original area in Clark County was subsequently altered and reduced with the formation of other counties.

The first county seat was established in Springville, on April 7, 1801. Jeffersonville was platted in 1802, and on 9 June the Territorial Governor (William Henry Harrison) ordered that it be regarded as the county seat. However, on 14 December 1810, the seat designation was given to Charlestown, which retained the designation until 1873, when on 23 September the Jefforsonville mayor (Luther Warder) successfully campaigned for the county seat's return.

From its beginning Clark County's history, culture and growth have been linked to the development of the river. Early nineteenth-century steamboats transported goods to the upper Ohio, providing opportunities for commercial and industrial growth in the county. In 1832, James Howard founded the Howard shipyards making Clark County a leader in shipbuilding.

The railroad brought further economic growth. The Monon line spanned from New Albany to Chicago, and the Jeffersonville, Madison, and Indianapolis Railroad provided Clark County and southern Indiana with access to the northern trading centers of Indianapolis and Chicago.

During the 1920s, Clark County attracted the Colgate-Palmolive Company to the Clarksville Riverfront. Colgate purchased the former Indiana Reformatory building in 1923. The company rehabilitated and adapted the building for its dedication in 1924. It stayed in business until early 2008.

During World War II the county prospered. The federal government began the Indiana Arsenal near Charlestown in 1940. Producing smokeless powder for the war effort, the arsenal employed up to 20,000. Howard shipyards was commissioned by the Navy to produce landing craft. Later Howard shipyards reorganized as Jeffersonville Boat and Machine Company (Jeffboat) in 1991.

When the war ended, the county experienced significant residential and commercial growth, aided by the 1956 Interstate Act. The improved access provided by Interstate 65 encouraged additional subdivisions and shopping centers.

Adjacent Counties

Cities, Towns & Communities

  • Bethlehem
  • Borden
  • Carr
  • Charlestown
  • Clarksville
  • Henryville
  • Jeffersonville (County Seat)
  • Memphis
  • Monroe
  • New Washington
  • Oregon
  • Owen
  • Sellersburg
  • Silver Creek
  • Union
  • Utica
  • Washington
  • Wood

Links

Wikipedia

Genealogy Trails

The Abbott-Holloway Farm

The Bottorff-McCulloch Farm

The Thomas Downs House

The Benjamin Ferguson House

The Henry French House

Grismore House

Howard Steamboat Museum

George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge

George Rogers Clark Cabin

Spring Street Freight House

The John Work House & Mill Site