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Colonna, also known as Sciarrillo or Sciarra, is an Italian noble family, forming part of the papal nobility. It was powerful in medieval and Renaissance Rome, supplying one Pope (Martin V) and many other church and political leaders. The family is notable for its bitter feud with the Orsini family over influence in Rome, until it was stopped by Papal Bull in 1511. In 1571, the heads of both families married nieces of Pope Sixtus V. Thereafter, historians recorded that "no peace had been concluded between the princes of Christendom, in which they had not been included by name".

Notable members

  • Blessed Margherita Colonna (c. 1255 – 1280).
  • Stefano Colonna (1265 – c. 1348), an influential noble in Medieval Rome and Imperial vicar in the early 14th century.
  • Giacomo Colonna (1270–1329), who took part in the Outrage of Anagni against Pope Boniface VIII.
  • Giovanni Colonna (1295–1348), influential cardinal during the Avignon papacy.
  • Oddone Colonna (1369–1431), whose election as Pope Martin V in 1417 ended the Western Schism.
  • Ludovico Colonna (1390-1436), condottiero
  • Prospero I Colonna (1410–1463), cardinal
  • Fabrizio Colonna (c. 1450 – 1520), who was the father of Vittoria Colonna, and a general in the Holy League.
  • Prospero Colonna (1452–1523), who fought alongside his cousin Fabrizio Colonna.
  • Francesco Colonna (1453? – 1517?) [La "Pugna d'amore in sogno" di Francesco Colonna Romano, 1996, Maurizio Calvesi], who was credited, along with the monk Francesco Colonna, with the authorship of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili by an acrostic in the text. Also believed to have written the story.
  • Marcantonio I Colonna (1478–1522), condottiero of the 15th-16th century.
  • Pompeo Colonna (1479–1532), cardinal. A nephew of Prospero Colonna, mentioned above. Viceroy of Naples from 1530 to 1532.
  • Vittoria Colonna (1490–1547), friend of Michelangelo. Married in 1507 the Spanish-Italian Fernando d'Avalos, marquis of Pescara, deceased 1525, adopting on becoming a widow, Alfonso d'Avalos, also marquis del Vasto, a nephew of her former husband.
  • Pirro Colonna (1500–1552), 16th century captain under Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Marcantonio II Colonna the Younger (1535–1584), Duke of Tagliacozzo. Son of Ascanio Colonna and Juana de Aragón. He participated in the naval Battle of Lepanto against the Turks, 7 October 1571 and was Viceroy of Sicily in 1577–1584. Prince of Paliano.
  • Ascanio Colonna (1560–1608) Cardinal
  • Federico Colonna y Tomacelli, Prince of Butera (1601–1641), Viceroy of Valencia, in Spain, 1640–1641, Viceroy of Catalonia, 1641. He was Great *Constable of the kingdom of Naples (1639-1641) as had been his father Filippo I Colonna, (1578 – 11 April 1639).
  • Marcantonio V Colonna (1606/1610–1659), Prince of Paliano.
  • Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, Viceroy of Aragon, 1678–1681, in Spain.
  • Prospero II Colonna (1662–1743), cardinal
  • Carlo Colonna (1665–1739), created cardinal by Clement XI in 1706.
  • Guido Colonna di Paliano (1908–1982), diplomat and European Commissioner.
  • Aspreno Colonna (1916–1987), Prince Assistant to the Papal Throne
  • Prospero Colonna (1858–1937), Mayor of Rome

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