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  • Richard Clayton (c.1540 - 1602)
    Sources London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812, Transcriptions & Images, ( Marriage record for Richard Cleyton & Scisley Grundich, 17 Sep 1565, St Lawrence Jewry. ...
  • John Daborn (1520 - 1558)
    Dyer, clothier and Mayor of Guildford 1538/39
  • John Daborn, Mayor of Guildford (c.1500 - 1548)
    John Daborne (c1500 - Sept 1548) was a merchant and alderman of Guildford Surrey. He was Mayor of Guildford in 1523, 1531 and 1538/39. He became keeper of Guildford Castle Garden in 1544 after the ga...
  • Thomas Tuesley, Mayor of Guildford (c.1525 - bef.1572)
    Dyer, Clothier and Mayor of Guildford in 1557 and 1563. His burial record records him as a Dyer and sometime mayor of the town.
  • John Tuesley, Mayor of Guildford 1590 (bef.1543 - bef.1592)
    His burial record records him as a Dyer, twice mayor of Guildford. 28 Nov 1592 Detailed inventory of goods of the late John Tewsley at his mansion house in Guildford. Includes beds and other furnit...

Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics. Dyeing is normally done in a special solution containing dyes and particular chemical material. After dyeing, dye molecules have uncut chemical bond with fiber molecules. The temperature and time controlling are two key factors in dyeing. There are mainly two classes of dye, natural and man-made.

The primary source of dye, historically, has generally been nature, with the dyes being extracted from animals or plants. Since the mid-18th century, however, humans have produced artificial dyes to achieve a broader range of colors and to render the dyes more stable to resist washing and general use. Different classes of dyes are used for different types of fiber and at different stages of the textile production process, from loose fibers through yarn and cloth to completed garments.

Acrylic fibers are dyed with basic dyes, while nylon and protein fibers such as wool and silk are dyed with acid dyes, and polyester yarn is dyed with disperse dyes. Cotton is dyed with a range of dye types, including vat dyes, and modern synthetic reactive and direct dyes.


The majority of natural dyes are from plant sources: roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood,fungi, and lichens. Textile dyeing dates back to the Neolithic period. Throughout history, people have dyed their textiles using common, locally available materials. Scarce dyestuffs that produced brilliant and permanent colors such as the natural invertebrate dyes Tyrian purple and crimson kermes were highly prized luxury items in the ancient and medieval world. Plant-based dyes such as woad, indigo, saffron, and madder were raised commercially and were important trade goods in the economies of Asia and Europe. Across Asia and Africa, patterned fabrics were produced using resist dyeing techniques to control the absorption of color in piece-dyed cloth. Dyes from the New World such as cochineal and logwood were brought to Europe by the Spanish treasure fleets, and the dyestuffs of Europe were carried by colonists to America.


Synthetic dyes are man-made. These dyes are made from synthetic resources such as petroleum by-products and earth minerals.

The first human-made organic aniline dye, mauveine, was discovered serendipitously byWilliam Henry Perkin in 1856, the result of a failed attempt at the total synthesis of quinine. Other aniline dyes followed, such as fuchsine, safranine, and induline. Many thousands of synthetic dyes have since been prepared.

Worshipful Company of Dyers, London

Until about 1800, an adult male practising a trade or craft in or around the City of London would almost certainly have been a member (freeman) of one of the City of London livery companies. He would probably have served an apprenticeship and been a member of a company corresponding with his occupation, almost all of which are known as the "Worshipful Company of..." their relevant trade, craft or profession.

The Worshipful Company of Dyers was a guild that existed in the twelfth century and received a Royal Charter in 1471. It originated as a trade association for members of the dyeing industry but is now mainly a charitable institution.

The Dyers' Company ranks thirteenth in the order of precedence of Livery Companies.

Apprenticeship and dyeing skills remained tied to the Company until the mid-eighteenth century, although training was dominated by more prosperous dyers.

Please add apprentices and those who worked as dyers to this project.