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  • James Warner (c.1826 - 1862)
    Warner was born c1826 at County Cork, Ireland. [1] He married Jane Rice in 1855 and they had seven children.[2] Warner died in 1862 in Victoria,[3] and is buried at Creswick Cemetery.[4] This would...
  • Edward Thonen (b. - 1854)
    Edward Thonen A German-born Jew, Edward (Teddy) Thonen, was a leader of the goldfields uprising at Ballarat commonly called the Eureka Stockade Rafaello Carboni recounts that in the meeting of th...
  • Patrick Hynes (deceased)
    source References: Hi to DPSers, Further to Bryan's posting I add the following: 1) Peter Lalor, later MLA, writing names of the 30 miners killed at Eureka, put John Hynes at the top of the lis...
  • Francis Manallack (1837 - 1923)
  • Patrick Gittins (1823 - aft.1854)
    Gittings was born c1822 in Co. Kilkenny, Ireland, and sailed to Australia on the Mangerton in 1852.[1] Goldfields Involvement, 1854 Gittings came to the stockade from Creswick. He was killed at t...

Eureka Stockade

Eureka is a story of human courage and the right for freedom and dignity. It is a story about human solidarity, direct action and direct democracy, it's a seminal part of the history of radical egalitarian change in Australia. As individuals, groups and a community, we need to reclaim the radical spirit of the Eureka rebellion and use that spirit to influence the present and change the future.

History of the Rebellion

The Eureka Stockade Rebellion on the 3rd of December 1854 was a battle between gold miners of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, and the colonial authority of the United Kingdom, the name comes from the stockade built upon the Eureka Lead by Miners resulted in the deaths of at least 27 people, the majority of whom were miners.

It was known by many of the day as the Eureka Massacre due to the number of miners deaths after they had surrendered to the redcoats and the deaths of many in their tents who were blamed for participation in the event. This event was the culmination of a period of civil disobedience by the miners who objected to the expense of the miners licence or miners right, the expense was in fact a tax imposed on the miners by the government of the day, the miners themselves had no representation at a political level and this led to the creation of the Ballarat reform league movement from which the rebellion grew.

However during a lull when many of the miners had left the stockade leaving only 120 to defend it the authorities chose the moment to launch a swift and deadly attack which ended in about half an hour. There were many heroes including the women who tried valiantly to defend their now unarmed menfolk from the soldier’s bayonets but little could be done.

There was mass public support for those rebels taken prisoner in the colonies capitol of Melbourne when they were placed on trial, which resulted in the introduction of the Electoral act of 1856 which mandated full white male suffrage for elections of the lower house of parliament in Victoria, as such the Eureka rebellion is identified with the birth of democracy in Australia in essence the entire rebellion was indeed a political revolt and the concerns of the miners were the same concerns of the larger population of those times.


The Eureka Stockade project has been setup to identify current GENi profiles of persons involved in the Rebellion at the Eureka Stockade the long term objective is to add additional profiles and complete a short tree of all persons involved.


Eureka from the Official Records – McFarlane (Public Records Office, Melbourne 1995)

Deaths and injuries

Exact numbers of deaths and injuries and persons are difficult to determine as many miners "fled to the surrounding bush and it is likely a good many more died a lonely death or suffered the agony of their wounds, hidden from the authorities for fear of repercussions." according to Eureka researcher and author Dorothy Wickham

Killed - Diggers

John Hynes, County Clare, Ireland.

Patrick Gittins, Kilkenny,

Michael Mullins, Limerick, Name is incorrectly recorded as Thomas Mullins

Samuel Green, England.

John Robertson, Scotland.

Edward Thonen' (lemonade man), Elbertfeldt Prussia.

John Hafele, Wurtemburg.

Martin (John) Diamond, County Clare, Ireland.

Thomas O'Neill, Kilkenny, do.

George (J) Donaghey, Muff, County Donegal, do.

Edward Quin, County Cavan, do.

William Quinlan, Goulburn, New South Wales

William Hanover Emmermann born in Petersburg, Russia

Happy Jack. a derelict nobleman from England

Wounded, and since dead

Lieutenant Ross, Canada.

Thaddeus Moore, County Clare, Ireland

James Brown, Newry, Ireland

Robert Julien, Nova Scotia

John Crowe, unknown

—— Fenton, do

Edward McGlynn, Ireland

George Clifton

Wounded and since recovered.

Peter Lalor, Queen's County, Ireland

Name unknown, England

Patrick Hanafin, County Kerry, Ireland

Michael Hanley, County Tipperary, Ireland

Michael O'Neil, County Clare, Ireland

Thomas Callanan, County Clare, Ireland

Patrick Callanan, County Clare, Ireland

Frank Symmons, England

James Warner, County Cork, Ireland

Luke Sheehan, County Galway, Ireland

Michael Morrison, County Galway, Ireland

Dennis Dynan, County Clare, Ireland

Soldiers who fell at Duty's Call

40th Regiment

Private. H. C. Wise, died of the wounds inflicted at the stockade on the 21st of December 1854

Private W. Webb, mortally wounded through arm and back.

Private. Michael Roney, died of a gunshot wound through the head

Private Joseph Wall, mortally, since dead.

12th Regiment

Private William Webb (gunshot wounds, died 5 Dec 1854, age 19 yrs, born England)

Private Felix Boyle (gunshot wounds, died 10 Jan 1855, age 32 yrs, born Ireland)

Private John Hall (gunshot wounds, died 31 Dec 1854, age 30 yrs, born Ireland)

Soldiers Wounded at Duty's Call

40th Regiment

Private John Bryan, severely wounded

Private Henry Cottes, slightly wounded.

Private William Juniper, severely wounded.

Private Bernard O'Donnell, severely wounded

Private Patrick Sullivan, sligihtly wounded

12th Regiment

Lieutenant William Paul (gunshot wound to the hip)

Private Robert Adair (gunshot wound through hand)

Private William Butwell (compound fracture of arm)

Drummer John Eagan (gunshot wound to leg)

Private William French (gunshot wound in hip)

Private Timothy Galvin (gunshot wound in neck and ear)

Private John Smith (gunshot wound in thigh)

Private Felix Boyle, severely wounded

Name of known participants

Trials for sedition and high treason

Henry Seekamp (editor of the Ballarat Times, 6 months’ imprisonment)

Raffaello Carboni, an Italian and trusted lieutenant who was in charge of the European diggers

Jacob Sorenson, a Jew from Scotland

John Manning, a Ballarat Times journalist, from Ireland

John Phelan, a friend and business partner of Peter Lalor, from Ireland

Thomas Dignum, born in Sydneys

John Joseph, a black American from New York City or Baltimore, United States

James Beattie, from Ireland

William Molloy, from Ireland

Jan Vennick, from the Netherlands

Michael Tuohy, from Ireland

Henry Reed, from Ireland

James Macfie Campbell

Timothy Hayes

Arrested, but not sent to Trial

Charles Adams

Nicholas Allaire

Carl Anderson

James Ashburner of Liverpool UK

William Atherden of Dover uk

William Avondale

James Barclay

Thomas Barry

Henry Bazley

Thomas Bisk

Edmund Bohen

Thomas Box

Charles Brown

Edmund Burn

Michael Butler

John Cahill of County Clare, Ireland,

Patrick Canny County Clare, Ireland,

George Davidson

John Delamere

William Develin

Charles Doolan

Nicholas Edwards

John Fenwick of Denmark

Charles Ferguson of Ohio USA,

William Galloway

Patrick Gilhooly

Michael Gleeson

George Goddard of Suffolk UK

Joseph Gray

Patrick Hickey

Joseph Hindon

Isaac Hinds

Jeremiah Hogan

Patrick Howard

Richard Humphreys

John Kelly

Michael Kennedy

Patrick Kennedy

Francis Kent

Martin Kinnear

John Leadlow

Robert Leslie

John Lynch

Daniel Macartney

Joseph Macknon

Dugald Magennis

Patrick Meade

Michael Meagher

William Molloy

Kennedy O'Brien

Matthew Orr

John Pardy

Samuel Penny

Joseph Penrose

Cornelius Peters

John Powell

Peter Priaulx

John Quin

Henry Robilliard

John Rodan

Alexander Ross

Martin Ryan

Walter Ryley

James Sexton

Patrick Sheedy

Arthur Smith

William Somerville

William Stafford

William Steer

Herman Steinman

George Thompson

Thomas Tighe

Henry Trynon

Joseph Walker

William Wickley

Robert Winkfield

Andrew White

Known other persons involved in lead up to Rebellion and into the Rebellion

Thomas Hynes of Kilmaley, Clare, Clare, Ireland

James Scobie (murdered outside the Eureka Hotel)

_______ Gregorious disabled servant of Fr Smyth (Parish Priest)

Father Patrick Smyth (Parish Priest)

James Bentley (Eureka Hotel Proprieter) (convicted of the manslaughter of James Scobie)

George Lang, son of Reverend John Dunmore Lang ( convicted of seditious libel by a Melbourne jury on 23 January 1855 and, after a series of appeals, sentenced to six months imprisonment on 23 March. He was released from prison on 28 June 1855, precisely three months early)

Andrew McIntyre (convicted and sentenced to gaol terms)

Manastra Flatow from Germany (arrested for burning of the Eureka Hotel)

Thomas Fletcher (convicted and sentenced to gaol terms for the burning of the Eureka Hotel)

Henry Westerby (convicted and sentenced to gaol terms for rioting at Bentley's Hotel )'s_Hotel

William Hence (convicted of the manslaughter of James Scobie)

Thomas Farrell (convicted of the manslaughter of James Scobie)

Captain Henry Ross

Simon Hanley, County Tipperary, Ireland

Jeremiah Hanley, County Tipperary, Ireland

Michael Canny

Adolfus Lessman

Ballarat reform League

John Basson Humffray

Alfred Black edited the Diggers' Advocate in early 1854. Brother of George.

George Black, a native of Nottingham, England.

Henry Thomas Groves Holyoake, native of St Martin, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England.

Thomas Kennedy was born in Ayreshire, Scotland.

Henry Nicholls was active with London Chartism,

Timothy Hayes, Chairman of the Ballarat Reform League, from Ireland.

Frederick Vern, was from Hanover, Germany.

Hugh Brady of County Cavan, Ireland,

Chris Christensen

George Cumming

Harry Lorenzo De Longville was born at Fort Askansas, United States of America.

Hugh Gray

Alfred Grove

Independent Californian Rangers Revolver Brigade

James McGill, Leader

Robert Burnete

Charles Ferguson

William Melody

Thomas Nelson

Charles Ross, Died of wounds See Above

--- Smith

Americans involved

Frank Carey

Participants in the Rebellion not mentioned above

Francis Manallack

Charles Dyte

John Clarke


Deserters before rebellion

Patrick Hynes

40th Regiment

12th Regiment

Major General Sir Robert Nickle

Captain Charles Pasley

Police - Troopers

Trooper John King

Thomas Atkins

John Badcock

William Barry

Charles Carter

Hussey Chomley

Michael Costelloe

John Culkin

Gordon Evans

Robert Evans


John Gillman

Henry Foster

George Fraser

Samuel Furnell

William Kelly

Ladislaus Kossak

James Langley

Thomas Langley

Michael Lawler

James Lord

Robert McLister

Thomas Milne

Robert Milne

Henry Moore

William Nolan

Constable Nugent

Michael O'Brien

Andrew Peters

John Sadlier

William Scharlach

Peter Smith

Patrick Sullivan

William Thompson

Edward Viret

Maurice Ximenes


F.C.Doveton, (Ballarat’s first Gold Commissioner)

Robert Rede, (Ballarat’s resident Gold Commissioner)

Lt Governor Sir Charles Hotham

Commissioner Johnston from Ballarat

Attorney General William Stawell

Colonial Secretary Foster

Chief Justice William à Beckett

Judge Redmond Barry

John Dewes, Magistrate

Wittiness to the battle

Archibald Carmichael

Women of Eureka

still validating names

Agnes Frank Agnes Greig

Alicia Mary Dunne wife of Peter Lalor, Queen's County, Ireland

Amy Cail

Anastasia Hayes nee Butler

Anastasia Withers

Ann Crowley

Ann Johnson

Anna Harrington

Anne Duke

Anne Diamond

Annie Alexander

Bridget Callinan

Bridget Hynes nee Noonan of Monivae, County Galway

Bridget Shanahan

Catherine Bentley

Catherine Donnelly

Catherine Kelly

Catherine McLaren

Catherine Smith

Clara Marie Seekamp

Elizabeth Abbott

Elizabeth Amies

Elizabeth Benjamin

Elizabeth Doyle

Elizabeth Freeman

Elizabeth Rowlands

Elizabeth Wilson

Ellen Francis Young

Eliza Boyce

Eliza Perrin

Elizabeth Goodenough

Jane Cuming

Jane Hanson

Lydia Mullett

Margaret Baker

Margaret Clendinning

Margaret Kinnane

Martha Clendinning

Mary Ann Humphris

Mary Blyth

Mary Davis

Mary Faulds

Mary Goldsmith

Margaret Guthrie

Mrs Elizabeth Rowlands

Mrs Thomas

Margaret Shann or Shand

Nancy Quinane

Nancy Ryan

Patience Wearne

Penelope Gleeson

Phoebe Emmerson

Phoebe Scobie

Sarah Hanmer

Sarah Lloyd

Sarah Morgan

Susannah Masfield

Contributions welcome.

1. Have the profile of the page you wish to link open in a separate tab/window.

2. Open the edit screen of the project.

3. Locate the name of the person you wish to link in the text.

4. Highlight the name using your mouse, and press the "B" button. This places three ' on each side of the name bold making the words bold.

5. Place a ] closing square bracket at the end of the name and outside the last

6. Go to the beginning of the name and insert the [ opening bracket outside the first

7. Next copy the URL from the profile page of the person you are linking - it will be something like Thomas Philipps, SV/PROG 1] and paste this immediately after the opening [

8. Insert a space between that URL and the name.

9. The result is something that looks like this - Thomas Philipps

10. If the link is not to a geni profile skip steps 4 and 5


The Eureka Encyclopaedia, Justin Corfield, Dorothy Wickham, Clare Gervasoni, Ballarat Heritage Services, (2004), ISBN 1-876478-61-6

Winner of Victorian Local History Award. Nominated for Prime Ministers Prize for History

Massacre at Eureka – The Untold Story, Bob O'Brien, ISBN 0-909874-19-0

Eureka, John Molony, ISBN 0-522-84962-8

The Forgotten Rebels of Eureka, Clare Wright (2013) Text Publishing, Melbourne ISBN 9781922147370

The Eureka Stockade by Raffaello Carboni, (1855). Title from Project Gutenberg

Eureka Stockade, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia

Life on the Goldfields: Eureka Stockade

"Time to reclaim this legend as our driving force" by Macgregor Duncan, Andrew Leigh, David Madden, Peter Tynan, Sydney Morning Herald, 29 November 2004. Retrieved 7 May 2006

Bert and Bon Strange, Eureka, Gold Graft and Grievances, B&B Strange, Ballarat, 1973.

Weston Bate, Lucky City: The First Generation at Ballarat 1851–1901, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1978, page 67.

Peter Lalor, A Statement to the Colonists of Victoria, reprinted in Bob O’Brien, Massacre at Eureka: The Untold Story, Sovereign Hill Museums Association, 1998.

Professor Geoffrey Blainey, Eureka – its many meanings, University of Ballarat, 26 November 2004.

"TO THE COLONISTS OF VICTORIA.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 10 April 1855. p. 7. Retrieved 13 June 2013.

Eureka Stockade Saga 1854–2007 Injustice for James and Catherine Bentley.

Catholics at the Stockade Father Smythe urged the miners to go home and attend mass the next day

The 150th anniversary of Eureka Stockade A large police presence on the anniversary.

Characters at the Eureka Stockade A review of feminist revisionist history Clare Wright's The Forgotten rebels of Eureka

Tuohy Not Guilty of Treason One of 13 miners acquitted of treason

Michael Hanrahan from Ireland to Ballarat 1854 Irish Pikemen leader at the Stockade

Clipper ships 92 days to Australia 1854 Emigration on Clipper Ships 92 days at sea

Victorian Archives of the Eureka Stockade

The Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka (M.A.D.E), formerly The Eureka Centre

Overpainted photograph of the 1891 Euraka Stockade cyclorama

Images and video of Eureka from the Public Records Office Victoria

Eureka Stockade

The Eureka Flag, 1854