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Founders of the town of East Hampton

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  • Elizabeth Dayton (bef.1639 - 1719)
    Daughter of John (Woodruff) Woodruffe Jr. and Ann (Gosmer) Residence : Fordwich, Kent, EnglandFordwich, Kent, England References “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, Family...
  • Judge John Mulford (c.1604 - aft.1686)
    John was the son of Sarah of Maidstone and Thomas Southcott Mulford --surviving son of Thomas and Susan Southcott Molford of Cadbury although misreported in Visitations of Devon as having died without ...
  • Thomas Talmadge, Sr. (1595 - 1653)
    EDIT NOTE: Marriage Date is locked and cannot be 1604. SOURCES: Anderson, Mary Audentia Smith, Ancestry and Posterity of Joseph Smith and Emma Hale, (Independence, MO: 1929). Anderson, Robert Charles...
  • John Hand of East Hampton (bef.1609 - 1663)
    Classic: Long Island Genealogy * Current: Ancestry * Reference: [Deep in the Woods Blog JOHN AND ALICE GRANDSEN HANDImmigrant generation to the English Colonies
  • Fulk Davis (c.1615 - c.1687)
    Ancestry and posterity of Joseph Davis (1773-1865) of Norway, New York, and his wife, Elizabeth Hallock Davis. by William Church Davis (1927) FOULK DAVIS (1): Born in Wales or England, probably abou...

Founders of the town of East Hampton

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Beginning in 1648 as a tiny English settlement, caught in turmoil during the American Revolution, and then languishing in splendid, self-sufficient isolation for more than a century, the Town of East Hampton became in the development-mad 20th century an international resort clinging to a glorious past. As the town celebrates its 350th anniversary, here is a chronology of selected events - great, small and curious - based in part on the book East Hampton, a Town and its People, 1648-1994, by Nancy Hyden Woodward.

Pre-Revolution: Puritans and Montauks

1637 Lion Gardiner, an English officer and military engineer, buys an island off eastern Long Island from Poggaticut, sachem of the Manhassets, and moves there from Connecticut with his wife and children. He calls it the Isle of Wight. Long known as Gardiners Island, it was annexed to East Hampton in 1788 and is still owned by Gardiner's descendants. ....

Southold, Southampton, and East Hampton

New Netherland Institute - Eastern Long Island

In 1640, a group of "straitened" English pioneers left the town of Lynn in the Massachusetts Bay colony in search of land and a better life. They thought they had found it when they reached a pleasant cove on the northwestern coast of Long Island (believed to be the site of the present-day city of Oyster Bay). As far as they knew, this land fell under the patent of the English Lord Stirling, and so they entered into an agreement with the aristocrat's agent for them to found a community. What they didn't understand was that the Dutch claimed the whole of Long Island, and when news of their settlement made its way back to New Amsterdam, the director, Willem Kieft, sent a contingent of soldiers to the spot. After an altercation, the Dutch imprisoned some of the Englishmen, convincing the settlers to try another place. They moved further east, and established a community, which they named Southold-the first European settlement of what would become Suffolk County. Soon other English villages-Southampton and East Hampton-sprang up, and the English takeover of eastern Long Island was under way.

“The History of East Hampton” by Bob Hefner

East Hampton was the third town established on eastern Long Island by New England colonists. It followed Southold, settled in 1640 by the New Haven Colony, and Southampton, also founded in 1640 by a group from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Settlement of the Town of East Hampton was preceded by Lion Gardiner’s arrival on Gardiner’s Island in 1640. Gardiner was granted the island as an independent manor in 1639 which it remained until after the American Revolution when it was annexed to the Town of East Hampton.

In 1648 the governors of the New Haven and Connecticut Colonies and their associates purchased from the Montauk Indians approximately 31,000 acres on Long Island’s South Fork. The purchase extended from Southampton Town eastward to Nominicks, the first highlands of the Montauk peninsula. This group of investors in turn sold shares in their purchase to would-be settlers who originated from a number of different New England towns. The thirty-four original settlers obtained full title to the land in 1651 from the Connecticut governors and their associates. By this time the new town was known as East Hampton. East Hampton’s New England settlers retained their ties to that region. East Hampton adopted the laws of Connecticut Colony in 1653 and united with Connecticut Colony in 1657. Although annexed to New York Colony in1664, East Hampton retained a primary cultural and commercial attachment to New England well into the nineteenth century.


East Hampton was the first English settlement in the state of New York. In 1639 Lion Gardiner purchased land, what became known as Gardiner's Island, from the Montaukett people. In 1648 a royal British charter recognized the island as a wholly contained colony, independent of both New York and Connecticut. It kept that status until after the American Revolution, when it came under New York State and the Town of East Hampton authority. On June 12, 1640, nine Puritan families from Lynn, Massachusetts landed at what is now known as Conscience Point, in Southampton; some later migrated to present-day East Hampton. Among the first English settlers in East Hampton were John Hand, Thomas Talmage, Daniel Howe, Thomas Thomson, John Mulford, William Hedges, Ralph Dayton, Thomas Chatfield and Thomas Osborn.[11]

East Hampton was first called Maidstone, after Maidstone, Kent, England. The name was later changed to "Easthampton", reflecting the geographic names of its neighbors, Southampton and Westhampton.[15] In 1885 the name was split into two words, after the local newspaper the East Hampton Star began using the two-word name. "Maidstone" is frequently used in place names throughout the town, including the Maidstone Golf Club.


  • East Hampton Town is the easternmost town on Long Island (Suffolk County, New York State). It encompasses a land area of 70 square miles on Long Island's south fork and has almost 70 miles of waterfront on 3 sides. The Town is bordered by the Town of Southampton to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, and Gardiner's Bay to the north.
  • The earliest known record of an enslaved person in East Hampton comes from 1654; the last, 1830.
  • cites
  • Beecher, Lyman. Sermon, Containing a General History of the Town of East-Hampton, (L.I.), From Its First Settlement to the Present Time. Delivered at East-Hampton, January 1, 1806, by Lyman Beecher, Pastor of the Church in that Place. Sag Harbor, N.Y.: Printed by Alden Spooner, 1806 (Patchogue-Medford Library. Celia M. Hastings Local History Room) -- Lyman Beecher, nationally famous in his own right, was the father of Henry Ward Beecher (of Beecher's Bibles fame -- guns to "Bleeding Kansas," sent in boxes marked "Bibles" -- in the late 1850's), and grandfather of Harriet Beecher Stowe (author of Uncle Tom's Cabin)
  • Dongan East Hampton Patent of 1686 (East Hampton Star)
  • East Hampton (N.Y. : Town). Town of East Hampton, Long Island, N.Y. (The Town)
  • East Hampton (N.Y. : Town). Local Native Americans (
  • East Hampton Historical Society (The Society)
  • Hedges, Henry P. An Address, Delivered on the 26th of December, 1849, on the Occasion of the Celebration of the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Settlement of the Town of East-Hampton, Together with an Appendix, Containing a General History of the Town from Its First Settlement to the Year 1800, by Henry P. Hedges. Sag Harbor, NY: Corrector Office, 1850. (Internet Archive)
  • National Register of Historic Places Listings in East Hampton (Town), New York (Wikipedia)
  • Stratton, Sidney Vanuxem, Stratton Genealogy of LongIsland (1901) [Natchez: MI: The Author], 1901. (Internet Archive)
  • Tooker, William Wallace. Indian Place-Names in the East-Hampton Town, with Their Probable Significations, Written for the East Hampton Town Records, v. 4. Sag Harbor, NY: J.H. Hunt, Publishers, 1889. (Internet Archive)
  • -- PML Catalog Sampler:
  • See also "L.I. - East Hampton (N.Y : Town)" vertical files
  • Awakening the Past: The East Hampton 350th Anniversary Lecture Series, 1998, ed. by Tom Twomey. New York: Newmarket Press, 1999.
  • Breen, T.H. and Tony Kelly. Imagining the Past: East Hampton Histories. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1989.
  • East Hampton Town, 1850 Census, comp. by David A. Kerkhof. [?]: [s.n,], 1985.
  • East Hampton's Heritage: An Illustrated Architectural Record, ed. by Robert J. Heffner. East Hampton, NY: Ladies' Village Improvement Society, 1982, repr. 1996.
  • Epstein, Jason and Elizabeth Barlow. East Hampton: A History and Guide. New York: Random House, 1985.Harris, Edward Doubleday. Ancient Long Island Epitaphs from the Towns of Southold, Shelter Island and East Hampton, New York. Baltimore: Clearfield, 2000.
  • Exploring the Past: Writings from 1798 to 1896 Relating to the History of the Town of East Hampton, Suffolk County, New York, ed. by Tom Twomey. New York: Newmarket Press, 2000.
  • Formanek, Ruth and Mike Bottini. Walking Dunes: East Hampton's Hidden Treasure. New York: Pogonia Books, 2008.
  • Fearon, Peter. Hamptons Babylon: Life Among the Super-Rich on America's Riviera. Secaucus, NJ: Carrol Publishing 1998.
  • Foster, Sherrill. East Hampton on Long Island. West Sayville, NY: Suffolk County Tercentennary Commission, 1983.
  • Gaines, Stephen S. The Philistines at the Hedgerow: Passion and Property in the Hamptons. Boston: Little, Brown, 1998.
  • Gardiner, David. Chronicles of Town of East Hampton, County of Suffolk, New York. [s.l.: I.G. Mairs,] 1973.
  • Gehman, Geoff. The Kingdom of the Kid: Growing Up in the Long-Lost Hamptons. Albany, NY: State University of New York / Excelsior Editions, 2013.
  • Guild Hall of East Hampton. Museum Section. Life Styles, East Hampton, 1630-1976: A Bicentennial Exhibition, Museum Section, Guild Hall of East Hampton, East Hampton, New York, April 24-June 6 1976, director of Exhibition, N. Sherrill Foster; catalog designer, Miki Denhof. East Hampton, NY: Guild Hall of East Hampton, 1976.
  • Jaffe, Miles. The Hamptons Dictionary: The Essential Guide to Class Warfare. New York: Disinformation, 2008.
  • Miller, Mary Esther and Abigail Fithian Halsey. An East Hampton Childhood. [East Hampton, NY: Star Press,] 1938.
  • Moran, Thomas. Thomas Moran, A Search for the Scenic: His Landscape Paintings of the American West, East Hampton, and Venice: An Exhibition Inaugurating Guild Hall's50th Anniversary Year, Guild Hall, East Hampton, N.Y., November 29th, 1980-January 25th, 1981, guest curator Phyllis Braff. East Hampton, NY: The Museum, 1980.
  • O'Sullivan, Ilse. East Hampton and the American Revolution, ed. by Frances Colley and Norman Reader. [East Hampton, NY:] East Hampton Town Bicentennial Committee, 1976.
  • Pottker, Janice. Janet and Jackie: The Story of a Mother and Her Daughter, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001.
  • Rae, John Warden, East Hampton Library. East Hampton. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.
  • Rattner, Dan. In the Hamptons: My Fifty Years with Farmers, Fishermen, Artists, Billionarires and Celebrities. New York: Harmony Books, 2008.
  • Rattner, Dan. In the Hamptons 4ever: Mostly True Tales from the East End. Albany, NY: Excelsior Editions, [2015].
  • Rattray, Jeannette Edwards. Discovering the Past: The Writings of Jeannette Edwards Rattray, 1893-1974, Relating to the History of the Town of East Hampton, Suffolk County, New York, ed. by Tom Twomey. New York: Newmarket Press, 2001.
  • Rattray, Jeannette Edwards. East Hampton History: Including Genealogies of Early Families. East Hampton, NY: [?], [1953].
  • Rattray, Jeannette Edwards. Three Centuries in East Hampton, Long Island, New York. East Hampton, NY: Star Press, 1937.
  • Seabury, Samuel. Two Hundred and Seventy-Five Years of East Hampton, Long Island, New York: A Historical Sketch. East Hampton, NY: [The Author?], Published for the Community, 1926.
  • Spoto, Daniel. Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: A Life. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.
  • Woodward, Nancy Hyden. East Hampton: A Town and Its People, 1648-1994. East Hampton, NY: Fireplace Press, 1995.