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  • Chief Red Cloud (1822 - 1909)
    Red Cloud (Lakota: Maȟpíya Lúta) (1822 – December 10, 1909) was an important leader of the Oglala Lakota. He led from 1868 to 1909. One of the most capable Native American o...
  • Thomas Reynolds Cox (USA) (1833 - 1907)
    United States Census, 1860," Thos Cox, , Arapahoe, Kansas Territory (Colorado was part of Kansas Territory in 1860) name: Thos Cox residence: , Arapahoe, Kansas ward: South Park age: 28 yea...
  • Brevet Brig. Gen. Charles Powell Adams, (USA) (1831 - 1893)
    Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General. He served in the Civil War as the 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, being mustered in as Captain and commander of Company H on April 30, 1861, less than a mont...
  • Brevet Col. Albert Trorillo Siders Barnitz, (USA) (1835 - 1912)
    United States Army Officer. A distinguished Civil War and frontier soldier, his wartime accounts have been a favorite resource for historians. As a youth he attended Kenyon College and studied law in C...
  • Sgt. Albert Warren James (1839 - 1901)
    Albert James served in Company B, 8th Cavalry Regiment in the US Army. He enlisted on October 30, 1878 and mustered out September 30, 1883. He served frontier duty and fought with the Indians.

Indian Wars is the name used in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between White settlers or the federal government and the native peoples of North America. (This is a Master Project. We need help with expanding and fleshing out this project!)

The wars were the result of the arrival of European colonizers who continuously expanded their territory pushing the indigenous populations westwards. The wars were spurred by ideologies such as Manifest Destiny, that held that Anglo-Saxon Europeans were destined to expand from coast to coast on the American continent, and which resulted in the policy of Indian removal by which Indigenous peoples were removed from the areas where Europeans were settling forcefully or by means of voluntary exchange of territory through treaties.


This is the "master" or "umbrella" project for a series of conflicts, from 1637's Pequot War through the Wounded Knee massacre and "closing" of the American frontier in 1890.

Please create specific subprojects for profiles and be sure to include dates.