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Influenza (1889-1890 Flu Pandemic)

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  • Walker Blaine (1855 - 1890)
    Walker Blaine (1855-1890) was an official in the United States Department of State. Biography Walker Blaine was born in Augusta, Maine on May 8, 1855, the son of James G. Blaine and Harriet (Stan...
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    Adam Forepaugh (1831 - 1890)
    Adam John Forepaugh (February 28, 1831 - January 22, 1890) was an American entrepreneur, businessman, and circus owner. Forepaugh owned and operated a circus from 1865 through 1890 under various name...

Influenza (1889 - 1890 Flue Pandemic)


Please add profiles for those who died as a result of Influenza between 1957-1958.

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The 1889–1890 flu pandemic (October 1889 – December 1890, with recurrences March – June 1891, November 1891 – June 1892, spring 1893 and winter 1893–1894) was a deadly influenza pandemic that killed about 1 million people worldwide. The outbreak was dubbed "Asiatic flu" or "Russian flu" (not to be confused with the 1977–1978 epidemic caused by Influenza A/USSR/90/77 H1N1, which was also called Russian flu). For some time the virus strain responsible was conjectured (but not proven) to be Influenza A virus subtype H2N2.[1][2] More recently, the strain was asserted to be Influenza A virus subtype H3N8.[3]

The largest nineteenth-century influenza epidemic in Europe probably had its beginning in November and December 1889. Spreading over Europe from the east, the epidemic received the name ‘the Russian influenza’ or ‘the Asiatic influenza’.

The first wave of the so-called ‘Russian’ influenza epidemic, which occurred commonly all around Europe in the years 1889–90, drew the careful attention of the Poznań press. The first reports on the victims of the disease that could point to the beginning of an epidemic appeared in the first days of December 1889 and concerned the city of St. Petersburg. The first information on the arrival of the epidemic in Western European cities referred to Berlin and later to such cities as Paris, Vienna, London, Barcelona, and Madrid. The disease did not spare Italian aristocrats.

Notable deaths:

Initial pandemic:

  • 1 January 1890 Henry R. Pierson
  • 15 January 1890 Walker Blaine
  • 22 January 1890 Adam Forepaugh
  • 22 February 1890 Bill Blair
  • 12 March 1890 William Allen (VC 1879)
  • 26 March 1890 African Spir

Recurrences:

  • 23 January 1891 Prince Baudouin of Belgium. (Baudouin's death was officially attributed to influenza, although many rumors attributed it to other causes.)
  • 10 February 1891 Sofia Kovalevskaya
  • 8 May 1891 Helena Blavatsky
  • 15 May 1891 Edwin Long
  • 3 June 1891 Oliver St John
  • 9 June 1891 Henry Gawen Sutton
  • 1 July 1891 Frederic Edward Manby
  • 20 December 1891 Grisell Baillie
  • 28 December 1891 William Arthur White
  • January 1892 Charles A. Spring
  • 10 January 1892 John George Knight
  • 14 January 1892 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, grandson of Queen Victoria
  • 20 January 1892 Douglas Hamilton
  • 15 April 1892 Amelia Edwards
  • 5 May 1892 Gustavus Cheyney Doane
  • 24 May 1892 Charles Arthur Broadwater
  • 10 June 1892 Charles Fenerty
  • 21 April 1893 Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby
  • 31 August 1893 William Cusins
  • 15 December 1893 Samuel Laycock
  • 16 December 1893 Tom Cottingham Edwards-Moss
  • 3 January 1894 Hungerford Crewe, 3rd Baron Crewe
  • 24 January 1894 Constance Fenimore Woolson
  • 14 March 1894 John T. Ford
  • 19 June 1894 William Mycroft

Additional Reading:

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