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Irish and British Convicts to Australia

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Profiles

  • William Flower Guppy (bef.1827 - 1903)
    William Flower Guppy was born in 1827 in a village called Melbury-Osmond in the county of Dorset. At 28 years old, he was sentenced in the Old Bailey on the 7th May 1855 and incarcerated for two year...
  • Caroline Kelley originally shared this on 15 Feb 2009 via Ancestry
    Thomas Todd Cooley, Convict "Chapman" 1824 (1805 - 1886)
    Biography Thomas COOLEY and Thomas CONNOR were tried at the Old Bailey on the 14th May 1823 and convicted of the theft of silver, value £22:10:0 from the home of Mr David Beavan a Harley St. banker on ...
  • William Rolfe, Convict "Minden" 1851 (1830 - bef.1898)
    William came to Western Australia as a prisoner in the Minden, arriving on 14 October 1851 FamilySearch Family Tree Birth: Mar 1830 - Chelmsford, Essex, England, United Kingdom Death: 1898 - Wester...
  • Theodore Krakouer, Convict "Mermaid" 1851 (1818 - 1877)
    The name Krakouer of course comes from Krakow, a town in Poland with a large Jewish community. With attacks on Jews in Eastern Europe increasing throughout the 1800s, many headed west to England and ...
  • James Doig, Convict "Runnymede" 1856 (1832 - 1912)
    Birth He was born in 1832 at Scotland. Marr He married Mary Anderson in 1866 at Perth, Western Australia.1 Death He died on 29 July 1912 at Middle Swan, Western Australia.2,3 Convicted Convicted o...

Irish and British Convicts to Australia

This is the umbrella project for convicts projects and profiles currently on Geni

Between 1788 and 1868, approximately 165,000 convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the British government transported some of their criminals to the American colonies, but this practice was brought to an end by the American Revolution and Britain's gaols became overcrowded. Transportation to Australia was set up with the First Fleet of 11 ships arriving in Botany Bay on 20 January 1788 to found a penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. Other penal colonies were later established in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), Queensland and Western Australia. The last convict ship left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Western Australia on 10 January 1868.

Many of the convicts were transported for petty crimes, such as stealing a handkerchief or a pair of buckles, and some were as young as 11 or 12. After their prison terms were served most stayed in Australia and joined the other settlers, with some rising to respected positions in Australian society.

How can you help?

  • First of all you will need to join this project by clicking on the Actions button in the top right of this page and select Join from the dropdown menu.
  • To add a profile of an Irish convict you go to the profile click on the Actions button and select Add to project from the dropdown menu, a new dropdown menu will open and type in Irish Convicts to NSW and click done after the project appears on the screen.
  • Questions can be asked here Project discussions

Top reasons why people were convicted

  • 1.Stealing an animal
  • 2.Stealing food
  • 3.Burglary
  • 4.Stealing from a person
  • 5.Robbery of arms
  • 6.Perjury
  • 7.Assault
  • 8.Coining
  • 9.Manslaughter

Convict life

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