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Irish and British Convicts to Australia

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  • Richard Hall (1831 - 1906)
    Was convicted in Bedfordshire, UK, of housebreaking and transported for 7 years to Western Australia on the “Pyrenees”. Arrived 28 June 1851.
  • William Ganfield (1830 - 1897)
    Arrived on the “Edwin Fox” on 24 August, 1858 as convict. Crime: larceny. Convicted at Taunton, Somerset, UK. Convict number 5170. Sentenced to 7 years.
  • William Windley, Convict "General Stewart" 1818 (1798 - 1885)
    This account of William Windley's life in Australia was written by Sharon Draper and Sue Tuck, with additional research by Hilda Malzard for the book published in 1988, 'The Story of John Nichols - Fir...
  • Thomas Vickery, Convict "Somersetshire" 1814 (1790 - 1847)
    Immigration : 814 Devon, England Transported to Australia on "Somersetshire", put to work around Windsor.|Convicted 10 Jan 1814 Exeter City|Servant - Oct 16 1814 New South Wales per "Somersetshire"* Re...

Irish and British Convicts to Australia

This is the umbrella project for convicts projects and profiles currently on Geni

Between 1788 and 1868, approximately 165,000 convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the British government transported some of their criminals to the American colonies, but this practice was brought to an end by the American Revolution and Britain's gaols became overcrowded. Transportation to Australia was set up with the First Fleet of 11 ships arriving in Botany Bay on 20 January 1788 to found a penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. Other penal colonies were later established in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), Queensland and Western Australia. The last convict ship left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Western Australia on 10 January 1868.

Many of the convicts were transported for petty crimes, such as stealing a handkerchief or a pair of buckles, and some were as young as 11 or 12. After their prison terms were served most stayed in Australia and joined the other settlers, with some rising to respected positions in Australian society.

How can you help?

  • First of all you will need to join this project by clicking on the Actions button in the top right of this page and select Join from the dropdown menu.
  • To add a profile of an Irish convict you go to the profile click on the Actions button and select Add to project from the dropdown menu, a new dropdown menu will open and type in Irish Convicts to NSW and click done after the project appears on the screen.
  • Questions can be asked here Project discussions

Top reasons why people were convicted

  • 1.Stealing an animal
  • 2.Stealing food
  • 3.Burglary
  • 4.Stealing from a person
  • 5.Robbery of arms
  • 6.Perjury
  • 7.Assault
  • 8.Coining
  • 9.Manslaughter

Convict life

Country projects