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Irish and British Convicts

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  • Mary (Murphy) Moreton - Niblett - Howell [Convict "Lady Rowena" 1826] (1806 - 1887)
    Mary MURPHY was born 1806 Cork, Ireland Mary was convicted and sentenced to 7 years transportation. She arrived in Sydney Cove on 17/5/1826 on "Lady Rowena" Mary had a relationship with William MOR...
  • John Ross [Convict "Duke of Portland" 1807] (1785 - 1834)
    John ROSS was born c1785 John was convicted of highway robbery and sentenced to transportation for life. He arrived in Sydney Cove on 27/7/1807 on "Duke of Portland" John married Elizabeth BENNETT ...
  • Andrew McVey [Convict "Royal Sovereign" 1834] (1816 - d.)
    Andrew McVEY / McVAY was born c1816 Antrim, Ulster, Ireland Andrew was convicted of picking pockets and was sentenced to 7 years transportation. He arrived in Sydney Cove on 19/1/1834 on "Royal Sover...
  • Thomas Hughes [Convict "Asia" 1825] (1792 - 1854)
    Thomas HUGHES was born c1792/1793 Thomas married Sarah WANT on 27/10/1816 at Beechinstoke, England and they had the following children William 1817 James 1818 George 1820 Mary Ann 1823 Th...
  • Elizabeth (Bennett) Ross [Convict "Canada" 1810] (1785 - 1864)
    Elizabeth BENNETT was born c1785 Exeter, Devon and baptised on 27/5/1785. Elizabeth was convicted of stealing and sentenced to 7 years transportation. She arrived in Sydney Cove on 8/9/1810 on "Canad...

Irish and British Convicts to Australia

This is the umbrella project for convicts projects and profiles currently on Geni

Between 1788 and 1868, approximately 165,000 convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the British government transported some of their criminals to the American colonies, but this practice was brought to an end by the American Revolution and Britain's gaols became overcrowded. Transportation to Australia was set up with the First Fleet of 11 ships arriving in Botany Bay on 20 January 1788 to found a penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. Other penal colonies were later established in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), Queensland and Western Australia. The last convict ship left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Western Australia on 10 January 1868.

Many of the convicts were transported for petty crimes, such as stealing a handkerchief or a pair of buckles, and some were as young as 11 or 12. After their prison terms were served most stayed in Australia and joined the other settlers, with some rising to respected positions in Australian society.

How can you help?

  • First of all you will need to join this project by clicking on the Actions button in the top right of this page and select Join from the dropdown menu.
  • To add a profile of an Irish convict you go to the profile click on the Actions button and select Add to project from the dropdown menu, a new dropdown menu will open and type in Irish Convicts to NSW and click done after the project appears on the screen.
  • Questions can be asked here Project discussions

Top reasons why people were convicted

  • 1.Stealing an animal
  • 2.Stealing food
  • 3.Burglary
  • 4.Stealing from a person
  • 5.Robbery of arms
  • 6.Perjury
  • 7.Assault
  • 8.Coining
  • 9.Manslaughter

Convict life

Country projects

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External links and sources