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Irish and British Convicts

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Profiles

  • William Edward Elliott [Convict "Scarborough" 1788] (1756 - 1822)
    William Edward ELLIOTT (known as Edward) was born c1756 Coulsdon, Surrey Edward was convicted of burglary and sentenced to 7 years transportation. He arrived in Sydney Cove on 26/1/1788 on "Scarborou...
  • Henry William Collier [Convict "Eden" 1842] (1821 - d.)
    Henry William COLLIER was born c1820 Henry was convicted of stealing and was sentenced to 7 years transportation. He arrived in Van Diemens Land (now Tasmania) on "Eden" on 5/7/1842 Henry married E...
  • John Poad William Tindale [Convict "Guildford" 1812] (1790 - 1857)
    John Poad "William" TINDALE was born c1790 (possibly the son of Richard TINDALL and Esther POAD) John married Susannah MANWARING (aka LUTTRELL) on 25/1/1809 at Whitechapel, London and they had the fo...
  • William Phillip Furber [Convict "Neptune" 1790] (1766 - 1811)
    William FURBER (aka William Philip FORBER) was born c1766 William was convicted of stealing and sentenced to 14 years transportation. He arrived in Sydney Cove on 28/6/1790 on "Neptune". William ma...
  • William Mince [Convict “Salamander” 1791] (1775 - d.)
    William MINCE was born 1775 William was convicted and sentenced to 7 years transportation. He arrived in Sydney Cove in 1791 on "Salamander" William was sent to Norfolk Island William was sent on...

Irish and British Convicts to Australia

This is the umbrella project for convicts projects and profiles currently on Geni

Between 1788 and 1868, approximately 165,000 convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the British government transported some of their criminals to the American colonies, but this practice was brought to an end by the American Revolution and Britain's gaols became overcrowded. Transportation to Australia was set up with the First Fleet of 11 ships arriving in Botany Bay on 20 January 1788 to found a penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. Other penal colonies were later established in Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), Queensland and Western Australia. The last convict ship left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Western Australia on 10 January 1868.

Many of the convicts were transported for petty crimes, such as stealing a handkerchief or a pair of buckles, and some were as young as 11 or 12. After their prison terms were served most stayed in Australia and joined the other settlers, with some rising to respected positions in Australian society.

How can you help?

  • First of all you will need to join this project by clicking on the Actions button in the top right of this page and select Join from the dropdown menu.
  • To add a profile of an Irish convict you go to the profile click on the Actions button and select Add to project from the dropdown menu, a new dropdown menu will open and type in Irish Convicts to NSW and click done after the project appears on the screen.
  • Questions can be asked here Project discussions

Top reasons why people were convicted

  • 1.Stealing an animal
  • 2.Stealing food
  • 3.Burglary
  • 4.Stealing from a person
  • 5.Robbery of arms
  • 6.Perjury
  • 7.Assault
  • 8.Coining
  • 9.Manslaughter

Convict life

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External links and sources