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Jewish Families from Baisingen, Germany

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  • Max Marx (deceased)
    Max Marx information from "Graeber im Wald" including notation that he was from Baisingen. It is very likely that he is a member of the Marx Baisinger Marx family, but have not quite made the connect...
  • Fanny Marx (1872 - 1932)
  • Elise Elsaesser (1844 - 1921)
  • Hinna Levi (b. - 1891)
  • Shimon Levi (1813 - 1892)

This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Baisingen, Germany.

From the 16th century until aprox. 1938, numerous Jewish families resided in Baisingen, northeast of Horb. A synagogue was built in the so called "Judengässle" (small Jewish alley) in 1782, wrecked in 1938 and used for storage after 1945. The building was restored as a museum and memorial in 1996-98.

JewishGen-Baisingen

http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/baisingen.htm

On the history of the Jewish community ( english version )

   

In the early 19th century to the rich knightly village Baisingen was a Jewish community until 1938/42. Their origin is in the period of 16-17. Century back. For the first time in 1596 the Jews handle Wolf and David Baisingen called. Other mentions of Jews at the site has been around since 1640 . 1670 (expulsion of the Jews of Vienna under Emperor Leopold) or shortly thereafter have moved several Jewish families from Vienna, in particular the family Kiefe. In the 18th century,the number rose to 15 Jewish families (1765) and 21 (1771).

   

The Jewish residential area focused until the early 19th century on four of the local government built "Jewish houses" (two of which have been preserved: Semi-detached Emperor 63/65 and the house corner Judengasse / Kaiserstraße 57 ( "Gideon'sches House") and the Judengasse ( "Judengäßle"). After that, new residential houses in the whole town with a partially urbanized (eg Kaiser 55, owner was 1851 Salomon Kiefe). page the beginning of the 19th century were four houses in the so-called "Jews Höfle" (Kaiserstraße 56, 58 inhabited, 60, 62) of Jewish families.

  

In the 19th century , the developed number of Jewish residents as follows: 1803 24 Jewish families 1807 115 Jewish population 1824 180 1843 Maximum number of 235, 1869 199, 1895 181 (21.3% of total population 848) 1910 108 (13, 8% of 784). The Jewish families lived in particular of the cattle trade, since the second half of the 19th century opened several of them Jewish actions / shops and small craft at the site.

 

In the revolutionary year of 1848 , there was a heavy Jewish pogrom in Baisingen (see detailed report on the text page ).


At institutions of the Jewish community in particular had a synagogue (see below), a school, a ritual bath and a cemetery, In the Jewish school it was from 1827 to 1933 for forced closure of a Jewish parochial school (elementary school), which had its premises in the imperial road 104 (school hall on the second floor, teacher apartment on the 1st floor). The ritual bath was located on the ground floor of this building (1877 extensively renovated). To errand religious duties of the community, a teacher was hired, who was also active as a cantor and schochet. The village belonged to Bezirksrabbinat Mühringen or since 1914 for newly formed Bezirksrabbinat in Horb .


In the First World Warfell from the Jewish community (of the 23 Jewish war veterans) Corporal Frederick Kahn (born 23/03/1886 in Baisingen, gef. 8/21/1914), Julius Kahn (born 16/08/1894 in Baisingen, gef. 21.10.1918) Max Kahn (born 12/05/1877 in Baisingen, gef. 24.02.1918) and Max Weinberger (born 14/12/1879 in Baisingen, gef. 11.02.1915, see report on him text page ). Their names are on the Kriegerehrenmal front of the Catholic parish church of St. Anastasia and on a picture board for the fallen of the First World War. In addition has been made: Max Wolf (born 1891 in Baisingen, before 1914 living in Bamberg, found 09/03/1914.).


At the former, existing until after 1933 commercial and industrial establishmentsViehhandlung Jakob Marx (Kaiserstrasse 58) Viehhandlung Sally Marx (Kaiserstrasse 107) Viehhandlung Berthold and Sally Schweizer (Kaiserstrasse 73) Viehhandlung Max Wolf (Kaiserstrasse 73) Viehhandlung Max Wolf (Kaiserstrasse 110) Viehhandlung Siegfried Wolf (Kaiserstrasse 60) Viehhandlung Wilhelm Wolf (Mötzinger road 14). Decades meeting place for the social life of the community was theGuest house "Rose" (including Brauhaus) of Kiefe family.


Around 1924 , than it was 115 people with the Jewish community were (1.37% of total of 840 inhabitants) who were community leaders Louis Max Jacob Marx, Herman Kahn and Kahn Sigmund. As a teacher, Kantor, schochet and computers of the community worked (since 1891 and until 1926) Headteacher Max Strasbourg in the community. He had to teach in the Jewish elementary school of 18 children at the time. On Jewish associations were especially the Chevra KadishaeV (founded in 1815; in 1924 under the direction of Herman Kahn in 1932 under the direction of Abraham Erlebacher with about 10 members, purpose and field of work: helping those in need, funeral services) and the Foundation Zedokoh (or Zedokoh checkout ; under management of the Head Office of the Municipality; purpose and working area: support of needy local resident). 1932 was community leader Herman Kahn. As a teacher Helmut Kahn worked. He taught at the Jewish elementary school eight children.


193386 Jewish residents were not counted. Due to the increasing disenfranchisement since the repression and the consequences of the economic boycott in the following years, a large part of them is warped or emigrated from the village. During November 1938 pogrom , the synagogue was demolished. from Horb and other places around who came to Baisingen SA men attacked the evening of November 10, numerous Jewish homes, destroyed the home furnishings, knocking down doors and window frames. At the beginning of World War II are still living in Baisingen Jewish people had to pull together in some apartments. After Baisingen were in spring 1941from Stuttgart and other cities a larger number of Jewish people compulsorily admitted. In late 1941 began the deportations: a total of more than 60 Jewish people were (including about 30 forced Trained) deported from Baisingen.


Of the born Baisingen and / or longer time resident local Jewish people are in the Nazi era died (details to the lists of Yad Vashem, Jerusalem and the specifications of the " memorial book - victims of the persecution of Jews under the Nazi regime in Germany 1933-1945born Jakob Marx (1875), Louis Marx (1875), Louis Marx (1886), Salomon Marx (1894), Siegfried Marx (1892), Sophie Marx born Sinn (1879), Sophie Marx born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Louis Marx (1875), Louis Marx (1886), Salomon Marx (1894), Siegfried Marx (1892), Sophie Marx born born Sinn (1879), Sophie Marx born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Louis Marx (1875), Louis Marx (1886), Salomon Marx (1894), Siegfried Marx (1892), Sophie Marx born born Sinn (1879), Sophie Marx born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Salomon Marx (1894), Siegfried Marx (1892), Sophie Marx born born Sinn (1879), Sophie Marx born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Salomon Marx (1894), Siegfried Marx (1892), Sophie Marx born born Sinn (1879), Sophie Marx born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Sofie Marx born born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Sofie Marx born born Marx (1877), Sophie Marx Marx (1867), Max Mayer (1866), Berta Bratislava born b Kahn (1876), Ernestine Reutlinger b Marx (1861), Helene Rimpel b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Helene Rimpel born b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) Helene Rimpel born b Schnitzer (1878), Berta Roedelheimer Kahn (1876), Max Rödelheimer (1884), Siegfried Rödelheimer (1883), Wilhelm Rödelheimer (1895), Bella Castle born born in Strasbourg (1894), Berthold Schweizer (1883), Dora Swiss Neuburger (1856), Karolina Swiss born born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878) born Gumperz (1886), Salomon Switzerland (1881), Caroline Stone b Marx (1864), Mina Strasbourg born Marx (1868), Leopold Weinberger (1911), Alfred Wolf (1880), Babette Wolf Thalheimer (1892), Isaac Wolf (1899), Julius Wolf (1872), Liebmann Wolf (1896), Ludwig Wolf (1878).

http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/baisingen_synagoge.htm

http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/baisingen_friedhof.htm