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Jewish Families from Bibra (Thüringen), Germany

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This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Bibra (Thüringen), Germany.

Jews settled in Bibra in the late Middle Ages, but were expelled again and again during the 16th century. In 1678, eight Jewish families lived in Bibra and by 1833 the Jewish population was 104 (25 % of the total population). A building housing the synagogue, the school, and the teacher's apartment was erected in 1846. The Jewish population was 105 in 1900 and 57 in 1925. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, Jews started to emigrate, most leaving before the outbreak of war. The synagogue was sold before Kristallnacht (9-10 November 1938) but Jewish homes were vandalized. The last seven Jews were deported during the war.

Article from "The Encyclopedia of Jewish life Before and During the Holocaust". First published in 2001 by NEW YORK UNIVERSITY PRESS; Copyright © 2001 by Yad Vashem Jerusalem, Israel.