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Jewish Families from Emmendingen (Baden-Wurttemberg)

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This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Emmendingen (Baden-Wurttemberg), Germany.

JewishGen-Emmendingen (Baden-Wurttemberg)

A Jewish Museum opened in Emmendingen on April 13,1997. It is in the city center near the former synagogue, which was destroyed in 1938. A 19th-century mikvah is in the basement. The museum contains an exhibition about the history of the Jewish community in Emmendingen between 1716 and 1940 and about what happened to Emmendingen's Jews under the Nazi régime. In addition, the museum displays objects used in Jewish religious and daily life. Reading and meeting rooms with literature and videos about Judaism and Jewish history are on the upper floor of the building.

Photographs of the Jewish Museum in Emmendingen, including pictures of some of the displays are on

From: Destroyed German Synagogues And Communities

Emmendingen General information: First Jewish presence: 16th century; peak Jewish population: 413 in 1936; Jewish population in 1933: 296

Summary: This Jewish community consecrated two cemeteries: one in 1717, the other in 1899. A prayer hall was established in a private residence on Kirchstrasse in 1727, and records also tell us that the same building was converted into a proper synagogue in 1763. Local Jews inaugurated a new synagogue in 1823, after which the old house of worship served as a community center with classrooms and living quarters for the schoolteacher/chazzan. Emmendingen was also home to a mikveh (consecrated in 1840) and a Jewish school (1830- 1872) In 1933, the 296 Jews of Emmendingen maintained a library and several local branches of Jewish associations and national organizations. The Jewish population grew after 1933 as Jews from rural communities moved to Emmendingen. On Pogrom Night, SA men dynamited the synagogue building, but not before destroying the interior with axes. Benches, books and sacred objects were piled up outside and set on fire. The community center was vandalized (the building remained intact), the two cemeteries were vandalized, windows in Jewish-owned businesses were smashed and nearly all Jewish men were sent to Dachau, where one died. Later, in 1939, the remaining Jews were forced to sign over to the authorities both the Kirchstrasse building and the synagogue. One hundred and eighty-seven Emmendingen Jews emigrated, 88 relocated within Germany, 27 died in Emmendingen and 66 were deported to Gurs in October 1941, the same year during which between 25 and 30 patients at the local psychiatric hospital were murdered. Approximately 123 Emmendingen Jews perished in the Shoah. The “Old Synagogue” was converted into an apartment building in 1941; it was returned to the new Jewish community of Southern Baden in 1945, only to be sold again. Several plaques have been unveiled in the town. In Emmendingen, a community of 74 Jews from the former Soviet Union was founded in 1995, after which, in 1999, the Old Synagogue was returned to the community, home to 350 Jews by 2007. A museum was opened in the mikveh building in 1997.