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Jewish Families from Fürth (Mittelfranken/Bayern), Germany

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This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families from the town of Fürth (Mittelfranken/Bayern), Germany also known as Fuerth.

It is not these towns: Fürth, Hesse, Germany Furth, part of Gloggnitz, Lower Austria Furth, part of Maria Anzbach, Lower Austria

From JewishGen the link is to this town Jewish-Gen-Fürth (Mittelfranken/Bayern)

On JewishGen Family Finder JGFF we find 160 individual researchers with interest and connections to Furth.

On Jewish Gen Worldwide Burial Registry JOWBR we find approximately 400 grave records with a reference to Furth, birth or death.

On Yad Vashem we note over 1600 individual records with a reference to Furth. Some are Pages of Testimony, a rich source for family connections up to the present. Submitters of POT's may also be searched.

On the International Jewish Cemetery Project a large collection of information is readily available here: https://iajgscemetery.org/germany/bayern-bavaria/fuerth

On Beit Hatfutsot we can review a vast collection of data and photos of Furth. Here: https://dbs.bh.org.il/place/fuerth

On the Rabbi index of the Steinheim Institute we find 68 Rabbis with a connection to Furth. Here: http://steinheim-institut.de/wiki/index.php/RabbinerHandbuch:1:Namenliste

From Wikipedia, accessed February 16, 2020: "Judaism The position enjoyed by Jews in Fürth (compared with other towns) led to the sobriquet "Franconian Jerusalem", though this is based on an older, pejoratively intended reference to Fürth.

Jewish residents are mentioned as early as 1440; in 1528 the Margrave of Ansbach, George the Pious, permitted two Jews, Perman und Uriel, to settle in Fürth (in return for high taxes), and from then on the number of Jewish residents increased.

By the 17th century, there was a local Yeshiva (Talmudic academy) of considerable repute, and in 1617, a synagogue was built. In 1653, the first Jewish hospital in Germany (and Fürth's first hospital) was built.

When Emperor Leopold I deported the Viennese Jews in 1670, many upper-class Jewish families moved to Fürth, and by 1716 there were about 400 Jewish families in the town. In 1807, the proportion of Jews in the overall population was about 19%. Following the Mediatization and the Bavarian Judenedikt (Jewish Edict) of 1813,[7] there were more restrictions on Jews. In particular, the Matrikelparagraph provisions prevented Jewish immigration. In 1824, the Talmudic academy was closed. The Bavarian Judenedikt of 1813, with its restrictions on Jewish life and Jewish immigration was rescinded by the law of 29 June 1851, and further laws dated 16 April 1868, and 22 April 1871, which led to further emancipation of the Jews, and restrictions on residence were removed.[8] By 1840, there were 2535 Jews living in Fürth, more than half of all Bavarian Jews.

In 1862, a Jewish primary school was founded, followed by a secondary school in 1882. The highest number of Jewish residents was reached in 1880, at about 3,300.

In 1933, there were 1,990 Jews in Fürth.[9][10] By early 1938 after the rise of the Nazis, there were 1,400 Jews in Fürth. In November 1938, there were about 1,200 when the synagogue was destroyed in the Kristallnacht pogroms, and 132 Jews were deported to Dachau. All except a handful of those who remained in Fürth after Kristallnacht either fled while they still could (abroad or to other areas in Germany) or were deported to concentration camps and/or death camps; virtually all those who remained in Germany were deported to their deaths. By 1944, perhaps 23 Jews were left in Furth. Overall, 1,068 Jews from Furth were murdered in the Holocaust.[10][11]

After the end of the Second World War, a Displaced persons camp for Jewish Holocaust survivors was established in Fürth (Finkenschlag). In 1945 it housed 850 inhabitants; it was shut down in July 1950.

There is a memorial to the Jewish community in the Geleitsgasse square, just off Königstrasse. Archaeologists discovered a Mikvah (ritual bath) in a house in the centre of Fürth. This building now houses the Jewish Museum of Franconia, which opened in 1998.

The old Jewish cemetery (Weiherstraße), which was established in 1607, is one of the oldest in Germany. It suffered considerable destruction and desecration during the Nazi regime and the Second World War, but was restored in 1949 and is now one of the best-preserved Jewish cemeteries."