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Jewish families Connected to Nowa Slupia, Kielce, Swietokrzyskie, Poland

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This town is also named Slupia Nowa in many references. Search on both to achieve better success levels. In current usage it could be referred to as Slupca.

Nowa Słupia was founded at the eastern end of Łysogóry, 38 kilometers from Kielce, the property of the Holy Cross monastery. It was a city already in 1351. King Władysław Jagiełło determined the Thursday markets and two fairs. Many kings (pilgrims to the abbey at Holy Cross) came there. At the beginning of the 20th century, the town had 2000 residents: „In the town are some inns, a pharmacy, a folk school, a doctor…”. Nowa Słupia had characteristic buildings – wooden bungalows with huge gates, which are situated asymmetrical in the front wall.

First Jews came here at the end of the 18th century. The wooden synagogue was built in 1858, the second one in 1870. The community was legalized in 1877. The cemetery was situated at Kielecka Street. Unfortunately, both synagogues were burnt in 1929.The new building was built in 1931, near Słupianka River.

The Synagogue District included not only Jews from Nowa Słupia, but also from number of villages: Dębno, Jeziorko, Hucisko, Sosnówka, Wólka and Mirocice.

Polish and Jewish people made their living through craft, trade and agriculture. Jews were allowed to participate in Polish guilds, but they needed to pay for that. A complaint against Jan Nawrocki (a guild master) is preserved. It mentions that Nawrocki were making people paid him with rubles and vodka for a right to lead crafts.

Nowa Słupia was an urban settlement in Kielecki District during the interwar period. It had the population of 2100 people in 1930. The center included an irregular market and some streets, which were becoming roads farther.

The main craft workshops were as follows: the workshop of tin-smithing of I. Taubman, hairdresser’s of Sz. Finkielsztajn, gaiter producer's of D. Wajsbalt, wheelwright’s of N. Grejner, shoemakers’ of B. Biernbaum, Ch. Wajnper, factory of carbonated water of M.Szafir. Bakeries were led by M. Drelich, N. Gutwilen, A. Herblum, Ch. Tenenbaum, Ch. Wajsbrat, I. Brotheker, A. Herblum, Ch. Wajnper. J. Lauko, Ch. Rotfogiel and A. Wajnsztok owned butcheries.

In gallantry traded I. Rabinowicz, in textiles: M. Gdański, A.Kac, K. Lajbman, Sz. Osełka, B. Rotfeigiel, L. Rozenberg, A. Wainbaum, in shoes L. Erlich and K. Lejbman, in beer: F. Blusztajn, J. Klejnar, E. Rychtenberg, in tobacco J. Blusztajn, in ready-made clothes M. Baumel and G. Kligman, in grain: F. Gutfilm, Sz. Kifer, J. Lejbman, N. Szafir, I. Brajtheker, Sz. Zylberman, in iron: Sz. Friedland, I. Wajnryb.

The Management of the Jewish community was appointed from above by the national authorities in 1918 and it comprised: Luzer Rozenberg, Szmul Rębacz, Lipa Sztrenfeld, Moszek Trochman, Aron Dyzenhaz, Izrael Erenberg.

In 1924, to the Management were elected: Mordka Klajner, Szmul Cybermont, Luzer Rozenberg, Szmul Zylberman, Aron Dyzenhaus, Aron Kac, Froim Finkielsztajn.

The Rabbi of Nowa Slupia was Rabbi Wolf Dawid Dychwald who took up the position of Rav on January 7, 1923. Rabbi Wolf Dawid was a Mizrachi supporter and introduced religious Zionism to the town. According to the files of 1926, communal taxes were raised to increase Rabbi Wolf Dawid's salary to 240 zloty per month as he was reportedly struggling to support his ten children. By 1929, his salary was raised to 4200 zloty per year plus 350 zloty as flat rent. Following economic hardship in 1931, the town's Jewish management committee proposed to lower the rabbi's salary to 3640 zloty per year, however, Rabbi Wolf Dawid protested this stating that he had to support his large family. This seems to have worked and by 1933, Rabbi Wolf Dawid was receiving a salary of 5200 zloty per year. It was also around this time that Rabbi Wolf David became more involved in internal comunial political affairs, becoming the chairman of the Jewish management committee in 1933. Following the Holocaust, the entirety of the town's Jewish population was murdered.

Source: http://swietokrzyskisztetl.pl

Vital Records of the residents of Nowa Slupia are retained in the archives of the nearby town of Opatow. Additional records have been extracted by the Jewish Records Poland project. Seems many are found in the Lodz files in later years. Here:https://jri-poland.org/jriplweb.htm

About 220 records are identified by Yad Vashem regarding victims of the Holocaust connected to this town. Many have Pages of Testimony, a rich source of genealogical connections. The submitters of PT's may also be searched on Yad Vashem and may offer leads to present day relatives. Source https://www.yadvashem.org/

From the International Jewish Cemetery Project:

"NOWA SLUPIA: ?wi?tokrzyskie PDF Print E-mail [Nowa Slupia coat of arms]Alternate names: Nowa S?upia [Pol], S?upia Nowa, Slupia, Slifia Chadash, ?????? ???? [Heb]. ????-????? [Rus]. 50 52' N, 21 06' E, 19 miles E of Kielce, 14 miles WSW of Ostrowiec ?wi?tokrzyski. 1900 Jewish population: 1,038. S?ownik Geograficzny Kr�lestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), X, pp. 854-855: "S?upia" #5. Gmina Nowa S?upia is a rural administrative district in Kielce County, ?wi?tokrzyskie Voivodeship,in south-central Poland with its seat in the village of Nowa S?upia, 34 km (21 mi) E of the regional capital Kielce. The 2006 gmina total population is 9,691. The gmina contains part of the protected area called Jeleniowska Landscape Park. Gmina Nowa S?upia contains the villages and settlements of Bartoszowiny, Baszowice, Cz?stk�w, D?bniak, D?bno, Hucisko, Jeleni�w, Jeziorko, Mirocice, Nowa S?upia, Paprocice, Pokrzywianka, Rudki, Serwis, Ska?y, Sosn�wka, Stara S?upia, Trzcianka, W?ochy and W�lka Milanowska. What Happened to the Jews of Nowa Slupia. [June 2009]

US Commission No. POCE000301

Nowa Slupia is located in Kielce region at 50 50 N 21.00E, about 35 km from Kielce. The cemetery is located on Kielecka Street. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

Local: Wojt Gminy Nowa Slupia, 26-006 Nowa Slupia, tel. 13. Regional: Wojewodzki Kenjevwatow Zabythow, ul. IX Wiehow Kielc 3, Kielce, tel. 45634. The earliest known Jewish community was in 1860 (or 1877). 1921 Jewish population was 306 (10%). The Orthodox and Conservative Jewish cemetery was established in the 18th century with last known Jewish burial in 1942. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. No wall, gate, or fence surround. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. The cemetery is now approximately 0.5. No gravestones are visible. The cemetery contains no special memorial monuments or known mass graves. The municipality currently owns the cemetery property used only as a Jewish cemetery. Properties adjacent are agricultural and residential. Private Jewish visitors visit rarely. The cemetery was vandalized during W.W.II, but not in the last ten years. No maintenance. There are no structures. Slight threats only.

Dr. Adam Penkalla, deceased, visited site and completed survey and may have information about the cemetery. Documentation: personal Penkalla papers.

Last Updated on Saturday, 20 June 2009 11:59" Source http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/poland/nowa-slupia.html"

A recently organized useful search database may be found here: http://slupcagenealogy.com/SearchPg.aspx