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Kalevi-Liiva (Estonia) Execution Place

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  • Karl Rosenbach (1923 - 1942)
    Born 04. 01. 1923* Last residence before deportation: Libníkovice* Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Hradec Králové* Transport Ez-St_31, no. 116 (25. 07. 1942, Libníkovice -> Terezín)*...
  • Blanka Rosenbach (1896 - 1942)
    Born 27. 06. 1896* Last residence before deportation: Libníkovice* Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Hradec Králové* Transport Ez-St_31, no. 115 (25. 07. 1942, Libníkovice -> Terezín)*...
  • Hermann Rosenbach (1924 - 1942)
    Born 23. 09. 1924* Last residence before deportation: Libníkovice* Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague VIII, V Mezihoří 6* Transport Ez-St_31, no. 117 (25. 07. 1942, Libníkovice -...
  • JUDr. Jaroslav Rosenbach (1886 - aft.1942)
    Born 17. 01. 1886* Last residence before deportation: Libníkovice* Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Hradec Králové* Transport Ez-St_31, no. 114 (25. 07. 1942, Libníkovice -> Terezín)*...
  • Arthur Fichtmann (1906 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Fichtmann, Arthur geboren am 26. Juli 1906 in Berlin/Stadt Berlin wohnhaft in Berlin (Mitte) DEPORTATION ab Frankfurt a. Main - Berlin 24. Sep...

The Kalevi-Liiva site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews transported to Estonia for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin. The mass executions were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews arrived at the Raasiku railway station, one from Theresienstadt on September 5, 1942, and another from Germany in mid-September. The trains carried over 2,000 people, mainly German and Czechoslovakian Jews, about 450 of whom were selected for forced labor and interned at the Jägala concentration camp, the rest were transferred by bus to Kalevi-Liiva and immediately executed. The Estonians in charge of the executions, Aleksander Laak, Ain-Ervin Mere and Ralf Gerrets, were implicated in the Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia in 1961 and charged with murdering up to 5,000 German and Czechoslovakian Jews and Gypsies in 1942-1943. Estimates of the total number of victims vary. The two memorial stones on the site cite 6,000 Jews and 2,000 Roma. Contemporary sources estimate at least 1,700 (probably 1,754) Jews killed at Kalevi-Liiva, other known victims include forty Gypsies and a number of "political prisoners" of mainly Estonian and Russian origin.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalevi-Liiva

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust_in_Estonia