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Kalevi-Liiva (Estonia) Execution Place

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  • Claire Adler (1931 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Adler, Claire geboren am 19. Februar 1931 in Frankfurt a. Main/Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main DEPORTATION ab Frankfurt a. Main - Be...
  • Amanda (Alma*) Adler (1903 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Adler, Amanda geb. Baum geboren am 21. April 1903 in Hasselbach/Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Höchst a. Main und in Frankfurt a. Main DEPORTATION ...
  • Sally Adler (1902 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Adler, Sally geboren am 01. Januar 1902 in Höchst a. Main/Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main DEPORTATION ab Frankfurt a. Main - Berlin ...
  • Rosa Schwarzschild (1897 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schwarzschild, Rosa geborene Michel geboren am 25. August 1897 in Hettenleidelheim / Frankenthal / Bayern (Pfalz) wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main Deportat...
  • Julius Schwarzschild (1888 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schwarzschild, Julius geboren am 02. November 1888 in Massenheim / Wiesbaden / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main, Höchst am Main und Eisenberg...

The Kalevi-Liiva site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews transported to Estonia for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin. The mass executions were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews arrived at the Raasiku railway station, one from Theresienstadt on September 5, 1942, and another from Germany in mid-September. The trains carried over 2,000 people, mainly German and Czechoslovakian Jews, about 450 of whom were selected for forced labor and interned at the Jägala concentration camp, the rest were transferred by bus to Kalevi-Liiva and immediately executed. The Estonians in charge of the executions, Aleksander Laak, Ain-Ervin Mere and Ralf Gerrets, were implicated in the Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia in 1961 and charged with murdering up to 5,000 German and Czechoslovakian Jews and Gypsies in 1942-1943. Estimates of the total number of victims vary. The two memorial stones on the site cite 6,000 Jews and 2,000 Roma. Contemporary sources estimate at least 1,700 (probably 1,754) Jews killed at Kalevi-Liiva, other known victims include forty Gypsies and a number of "political prisoners" of mainly Estonian and Russian origin.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalevi-Liiva

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust_in_Estonia