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Kalevi-Liiva (Estonia) Execution Place

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Profiles

  • Ernst/Arnošt Grab (1885 - c.1942)
    ARNOŠT GRAB Born 23. 06. 1885 Last residence before deportation: Prague XI Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague XI, Zvonařova 6 Transport Au 1, no. 84 (15. 05. 1942, Pr...
  • Hermine/Hermína Grab/Grabová (1886 - c.1942)
    See - wife of No. 203. HERMÍNA GRABOVÁ Born 07. 09. 1886 Last residence before deportation: Prague XI Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague XI, Zvonařova 6 Transport A...
  • Rosalie Mautner (1896 - c.1942)
    Born 12. 07. 1896 Last residence before deportation: Prague II Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Prague II, Ve Smečkách 11 Transport Ba, no. 1332 (10. 08. 1942, Prague -> Terezín) Tr...
  • Ida Grünzweig (1878 - 1942)
    Born 27. 01. 1878 Last residence before deportation: Brno Address/place of registration in the Protectorate: Brno Transport Ae, no. 586 (29. 03. 1942, Brno -> Terezín) Transport Be, no. 411...
  • Rosa Kleiner (1887 - c.1942)

The Kalevi-Liiva site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews transported to Estonia for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin. The mass executions were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews arrived at the Raasiku railway station, one from Theresienstadt on September 5, 1942, and another from Germany in mid-September. The trains carried over 2,000 people, mainly German and Czechoslovakian Jews, about 450 of whom were selected for forced labor and interned at the Jägala concentration camp, the rest were transferred by bus to Kalevi-Liiva and immediately executed. The Estonians in charge of the executions, Aleksander Laak, Ain-Ervin Mere and Ralf Gerrets, were implicated in the Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia in 1961 and charged with murdering up to 5,000 German and Czechoslovakian Jews and Gypsies in 1942-1943. Estimates of the total number of victims vary. The two memorial stones on the site cite 6,000 Jews and 2,000 Roma. Contemporary sources estimate at least 1,700 (probably 1,754) Jews killed at Kalevi-Liiva, other known victims include forty Gypsies and a number of "political prisoners" of mainly Estonian and Russian origin.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalevi-Liiva

See also:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust_in_Estonia