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Leipheim Displaced Persons Camp

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The purpose of this project is to keep track of all of the displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors, who were residents of the Leipheim Displaced Persons Camp. This camp was located in Leipheim, Germany.

History of the camp

With the construction of the railroad section Ulm-Augsburg in 1853, Leipheim gained further economic significance. In 1937, construction of the autobahn A8 and the motorway bridge crossing the Danube was completed. The air base, which saw the mass production of the cargo glider Messerschmitt Me 321 and the first strategic transport aircraft Messerschmitt Me 323, was built the same year. The first flight of the prototype of the Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (Swallow), the world's first operational turbojet fighter aircraft took place in Leipheim on July 18, 1942. From 1944, the aircraft was mass-produced (around 800 units).

After the end of World War II in 1945, a displaced persons camp for Jewish survivors of the Holocaust was established on the premises of the former air base. This camp, which sheltered up to 3,150 people, was disbanded in June 1950.[2] After 1957 the area was used for military air traffic again until 1993.