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Lieutenant Governors of Massachusetts

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  • Captain Bryron Weston (1832 - 1898)
    Captain Byron Curtis Weston (April 9, 1832 – November 8, 1898) was a native of Massachusetts who founded the Weston Paper Company in 1863 (which ceased to exist following its sale in 2008) and served...
  • Arthur W. Coolidge (1881 - 1952)
    Arthur William Coolidge (October 13, 1881 – January 23, 1952) was a Massachusetts politician who served multiple positions within the state government. Born in Cumberland County, Maine, Coolidge wo...
  • Henry W. Cushman (1805 - 1863)
    Henry Wyles Cushman (August 9, 1805 – November 21, 1863) was an American teacher, farmer, public house manager and politician who served both branches of the Massachusetts General Court and as the 18...
  • Lt. Gov. Edward Hutchinson Robbins (1758 - 1837)
    Founder of Milton Academy in 1798; Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. Edward Hutchinson Robbins (February 9, 1758 – December 17, 1837) served as the sixth Lieutenant Governor of...
  • Lt. Gov. Horatio Gates Knight (1818 - 1895)
    Horatio Gates Knight (March 24, 1818 - October 16, 1895) was an American politician, manufacturer and philanthropist who served as the 30th Lieutenant Governor for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts f...

The Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts is the first in the line to discharge the powers and duties of the office of governor following the incapacitation of the Governor of Massachusetts. The constitutional honorific title for the office is His, or Her, Honor.

The Massachusetts Constitution provides that when a governor dies, resigns, or is removed from office, the office of governor remains vacant for the rest of the 4-year term. The lieutenant governor discharges powers and duties as Acting Governor and does not actually assume the office of governor. The first time this came into use was five years after the constitution's adoption in 1785, when Governor John Hancock resigned his post five months before the election and inauguration of his successor, James Bowdoin, leaving Lieutenant Governor Thomas Cushing as acting governor. Most recently, Jane Swift became acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci.

The lieutenant governor serves in place of the governor when he is outside the borders of Massachusetts. Historically a one-year term, the office of lieutenant governor now carries a four-year term, the same as that of the governor. The lieutenant governor is not elected independently, but on a ticket with the governor. According to the Massachusetts Constitution, to be eligible for either office, a candidate must have lived in Massachusetts for at least seven years immediately preceding his election, and originally also had to be a Christian owning at least £1,000 worth of real property. However, only the residency requirement remains in effect.

The office is currently held by Lt. Governor Karyn Polito, who was inaugurated in January 2015.

List of lieutenant governors