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Massachusetts General Court

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  • Colonel John Quincy (1689 - 1767)
    Colonel John Quincy (21 July 1689 – 13 July 1767) was an American soldier, politician and member of the Quincy political family. His granddaughter Abigail Adams named her son, John Quincy Adams, after ...
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    US Congressman. Elected to represent Massachusetts' 10th District in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1807 to 1810. Also served as a Member of the Massachusetts State Legislat...
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  • Daniel Littlefield (1822 - 1891)
    Daniel Greene Littlefield (November 23, 1822 – May 31, 1891) was a haircloth mill owner in Central Falls, Rhode Island and Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island for one term 1889–1890. Early life L...

The Massachusetts General Court (formally styled, The General Court of Massachusetts) is the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The name "General Court" is a hold-over from the earliest days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, when the colonial assembly, in addition to making laws, sat as a judicial court of appeals. Before the adoption of the state constitution in 1780, it was called the Great and General Court, but the official title was shortened by John Adams, author of the state constitution. It is a bicameral body. The upper house is the Massachusetts Senate which is composed of 40 members. The lower body, the Massachusetts House of Representatives, has 160 members. (Until 1978, it had 240 members) It meets in the Massachusetts State House on Beacon Hill in Boston.