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Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

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  • Herbert Schiffer (1928 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schiffer, Herbert geboren am 19. Juli 1928 in Wiesbaden/Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Wiesbaden Emigration 15. Juli 1939, Belgien Deportation ab ...
  • Josef Uscher Schiffer (1889 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schiffer, Josef Uscher geboren am 08. Juni 1889 in Bochnia (dt. Salzberg)/Galizien wohnhaft in Wiesbaden Emigration 15. Juli 1939, Belgien Dep...
  • Martha Schiffer (1894 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schiffer, Martha geb. Fried geboren am 02. Juni 1894 in Nordenstadt/Wiesbaden/Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Wiesbaden Emigration 15. Juli 1939, Be...
  • Alfred Rosendahl (1905 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Rosendahl, Alfred geboren am 15. Dezember 1905 in Dortmund/Westfalen wohnhaft in Dortmund Emigration 06. Januar 1939, Belgien Deportation ab...
  • Rudi Minden (1910 - 1990)
    1939 Flucht nach Belgien; interniert in St. Cyperien und in Mechelen; 1944 befreit cf.: &: ölner_Stadtteil_Neustadt-Nord

Mechelen/Malines

In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels, two cities which contained most of the Jewish population of Belgium, the city had good rail connections to the east.

The first group of Jews arrived in the camp from Antwerp on July 27, 1942. Between August and December 1942, two transports with about 1,000 Jews each left the camp every week for Auschwitz-Birkenau. Between August 4, 1942, and July 31, 1944, a total of 28 trains carrying 25,257 Jews left Mechelen for Poland; most of them went to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Transport XX was attacked between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht (which is about 15km from Mechelen) by brave Belgians and thanks to these Belgians (Jean Franklemon, Georges Livschitz and Robert Maistriau) 231 deportees out of 1631 succeeded to escape the train.

On the way to Mechelen...Jodendeportatie in België: wat deze foto vertelt Prof. LIEVEN SAERENS:
* [https://www.eoswetenschap.eu/geschiedenis/jodendeportatie-belgie-wa...]