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Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

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  • Gertrud Schloss (1901 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schloß, Gertrud geborene Keilson geboren am 28. August 1901 in Cottbus / - / Brandenburg wohnhaft in Plauen Emigration: 03. April 1939, Belgien Deportat...
  • Arthur Schlochauer (1886 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schlochauer, Arthur geboren am 19. September 1886 in Kitzingen / - / Bayern wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main und Berlin Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab...
  • Paula Schlochauer (1889 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Schlochauer, Paula geborene Rosenthal geboren am 12. August 1889 in Mayen / - / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main Deportation: ab Mechelen (Malin...
  • Chaim Joachim Reif (1903 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Reif, Chaim Joachim geboren am 09. Dezember 1903 in Babin / Kotzmann / Bukowina wohnhaft in Köln und Berlin Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab Mechelen...
  • Arnold Weil (1894 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Weil, Arnold geboren am 02. Juni 1894 in Frankfurt a. Main / - / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Köln Inhaftierung: 10./15.05.1940, Le Fauga-Mazères (Frankreich...

Mechelen/Malines

In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels, two cities which contained most of the Jewish population of Belgium, the city had good rail connections to the east.

The first group of Jews arrived in the camp from Antwerp on July 27, 1942. Between August and December 1942, two transports with about 1,000 Jews each left the camp every week for Auschwitz-Birkenau. Between August 4, 1942, and July 31, 1944, a total of 28 trains carrying 25,257 Jews left Mechelen for Poland; most of them went to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Transport XXwas attacked between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht (which is about 15km from Mechelen) by brave Belgians and thanks to these Belgians (Jean Franklemon, Georges Livschitz and Robert Maistriau) 231 deportees out of 1631 succeeded to escape the train.

"'USHMM"'

"'Kazerne Dossin"'

"'Transport XX"'