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Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

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  • Sigmund Leiser (1896 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Leiser, Sigmund Israel geboren am 12. Januar 1896 in Kerpen / - / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Kerpen Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab Mechelen (Malines)...
  • Gerd Lutz Dannenbaum (1920 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Dannenbaum, Gert Gerd Lutz geboren am 03. September 1920 in Velbert / Mettmann / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Essen Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab Mech...
  • Mathilde Lindheim (1891 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Lindheim, Mathilde Mathilda geborene Bachenheimer geboren am 14. Februar 1892 in Röddenau / Frankenberg / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main Emig...
  • Laura Lore Irmgard Lindheim (1921 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Lindheim, Laura Lore Irmgard geboren am 19. November 1921 in Frankfurt a. Main / - / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main und Rennertehausen Emigra...
  • Hugo Lindheim (1892 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Lindheim, Hugo geboren am 08. Juli 1892 in Rennertehausen / Biedenkopf / Hessen-Nassau wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab...

Mechelen/Malines

In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels, two cities which contained most of the Jewish population of Belgium, the city had good rail connections to the east.

The first group of Jews arrived in the camp from Antwerp on July 27, 1942. Between August and December 1942, two transports with about 1,000 Jews each left the camp every week for Auschwitz-Birkenau. Between August 4, 1942, and July 31, 1944, a total of 28 trains carrying 25,257 Jews left Mechelen for Poland; most of them went to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Transport XXwas attacked between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht (which is about 15km from Mechelen) by brave Belgians and thanks to these Belgians (Jean Franklemon, Georges Livschitz and Robert Maistriau) 231 deportees out of 1631 succeeded to escape the train.

"'USHMM"'

"'Kazerne Dossin"'

"'Transport XX"'