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Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

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  • Felix Aronstein (1875 - 1943)
    kein Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs
  • Kurt David Wohlauer (1878 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Wohlauer, Curt Kurt David geboren am 12. April 1878 in Breslau/Schlesien wohnhaft in Berlin (Wilmersdorf) und in Breslau EMIGRATION 03. Septem...
  • Bertha Wohlauer (1892 - 1944)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Wohlauer, Bertha Berta geb. Guttentag geboren am 30. Juli 1892 in Breslau/Schlesien wohnhaft in Berlin (Wilmersdorf) und in Breslau EMIGRATION...
  • Kaatje Colthof (1901 - 1944)
    Bruidegom: Zadok Colthof Geboorteplaats: Gorredijk (Opsterland) Leeftijd: 32 Beroep: handelsreiziger Vader bruidegom: Jozua Colthof Beroep: veehandelaar Moeder bruidegom: Hanna van Leer Bruid: Kaatje T...
  • Robert Reichsfeld (1883 - 1942)
    The archive of Kazerne Dossin, Belgium Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name: Robert Last Name: Reichsfeld Date of Birth: 09.11.1883 Place of Birth: Wien Dep...


In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels, two cities which contained most of the Jewish population of Belgium, the city had good rail connections to the east.

The first group of Jews arrived in the camp from Antwerp on July 27, 1942. Between August and December 1942, two transports with about 1,000 Jews each left the camp every week for Auschwitz-Birkenau. Between August 4, 1942, and July 31, 1944, a total of 28 trains carrying 25,257 Jews left Mechelen for Poland; most of them went to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Transport XX was attacked between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht (which is about 15km from Mechelen) by brave Belgians and thanks to these Belgians (Jean Franklemon, Georges Livschitz and Robert Maistriau) 231 deportees out of 1631 succeeded to escape the train.