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Mechelen/Malines (Kazerne Dossin) to Auschwitz

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  • Else Flatau (1888 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Flatau, Else Elza geborene Raesener geboren am 08. Oktober 1888 in Pasewalk / Ueckermünde / Pommern wohnhaft in Berlin (Charlottenburg) Emigration: Belg...
  • Thomas Pieter Werner Ackermann (1939 - 1943)
    cf.: &:
  • Dr. phil. Marie Louise Renée Ackermann (1911 - aft.1945)
    kein Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs cf.: &: &:
  • Hans Ackermann, twin (1901 - 1943)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Ackermann, Hans geboren am 26. August 1901 in Berlin / - / Stadt Berlin wohnhaft in Berlin Emigration: Niederlande Belgien Deportation: ab Mechelen (M...
  • Leiser Gromb (1889 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gromb, Leiser geboren am 06. Dezember 1889 in Meseritz / - / - wohnhaft in Frankfurt a. Main Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab Mechelen (Malines) 24...


In the summer of 1942, the Germans made preparations to deport the Jews of Belgium. They converted the Dossin de St. Georges military barracks in the city of Mechelen (Mechelen is the Dutch variant and Malines is the French variant) into a transit camp. Mechelen, a city of 60,000, was considered an ideal location for this purpose. Located halfway between Antwerp and Brussels, two cities which contained most of the Jewish population of Belgium, the city had good rail connections to the east.

The first group of Jews arrived in the camp from Antwerp on July 27, 1942. Between August and December 1942, two transports with about 1,000 Jews each left the camp every week for Auschwitz-Birkenau. Between August 4, 1942, and July 31, 1944, a total of 28 trains carrying 25,257 Jews left Mechelen for Poland; most of them went to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Transport XXwas attacked between Boortmeerbeek and Haacht (which is about 15km from Mechelen) by brave Belgians and thanks to these Belgians (Jean Franklemon, Georges Livschitz and Robert Maistriau) 231 deportees out of 1631 succeeded to escape the train.


"'Kazerne Dossin"'

"'Transport XX"'