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New Jersey: Slaves freed before ratification of the 13th amendment

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  • Susanna Dee (1763 - d.)
    Susanna Dee, bp. 22 May 1763 Schraal (no wit.) Interesting early census artifact, perhaps related: Name: Santje Dee State: NJ County: Bergen County Township: Schraalenburgh Year: 1764 Datab...
  • Aree Van Genee (aft.1669 - bef.1751)
    One of the seminal figures of freed slaves in early New York and New Jersey, Aree (of Guinea) provided the land for the Zion Evangelic Lutheran Church. (see below) van Genee is a variant of van Guine...
  • Joost de Groot (c.1720 - aft.1758)
    here's a lead but the details are clearly inconsistent... so I do not add them to this profile: example: Son Richard cannot have been fathered by a dead man.... (!) this next reference seems more lik...
    Ariyaentye de Groot (aft.1722 - d.)
    Note on maiden surname may be a variation on the surname of her master... see Research section below children per the link above "Sarah, Joost, Jacobus, Syntye, David, Francyntje, maria, Richar...

Sub Project to Slaves freed in America before the Emancipation Proclamation

Freed in New Netherland or New York before January 1, 1863


Slavery was brought to the Hudson River area in the early 1600s, if not before. The first known slaves to be freed, that is, the first ones known by me, worked for the DWIC. For the few that were freed, the path was gradual. But they are included here to provide context for the processes of manumission under the Dutch West India Company, the British and then the governments of the various states of the US.


  1. Betsey Stockton