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New Orleans & Orleans Parish, Louisiana

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Profiles

  • Henry Childs (1807 - 1860)
  • Col. George Croghan (1791 - 1849)
    Croghan (November 15, 1791 – January 8, 1849) was born at the Locust Grove farm in what is now Louisville, Kentucky and died in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was a recipient of the Congressional Gold Meda...
  • Anna Bella Hausman (1859 - 1940)
  • Colonel Walerian Sułakowski, (CSA) (1827 - 1873)
    Valerian Sulakowski, a military officer during the U.S. Civil War, fought in the Battle of Gettysburg, served as an engineer and Colonel of the (Polish Brigade) 14th Louisiana Infantry and later as Chi...
  • Brig. Gen. Robert Reese Neyland (1892 - 1962)
    Reese Neyland (/ˈniːlənd/ NEE-lənd), MBE, (February 17, 1892 – March 28, 1962) was an American football player and coach and officer in the United States Army, reaching the rank of brigadier general. H...

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in New Orleans or Orleans Parish, Louisiana.

Official Website

New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a major port, New Orleans is considered an economic and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.

New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinctive music, Creole cuisine, unique dialects, and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the "most unique" in the United States, owing in large part to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Additionally, New Orleans has increasingly been known as "Hollywood South" due to its prominent role in the film industry and in pop culture.

Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was once the territorial capital of French Louisiana before becoming part of the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the largest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until after World War II. The city has historically been very vulnerable to flooding, due to its high rainfall, low lying elevation, poor natural drainage, and proximity to multiple bodies of water. State and federal authorities have installed a complex system of levees and drainage pumps in an effort to protect the city.

New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, which flooded more than 80% of the city, killed more than 1,800 people, and displaced thousands of residents, causing a population decline of over 50%. Since Katrina, major redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city's population. Concerns about gentrification, new residents buying property in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.

The city is named after the Duke of Orleans, who reigned as Regent for Louis XV from 1715 to 1723. It has several nicknames:

  • Crescent City, alluding to the course of the Lower Mississippi River around and through the city.
  • The Big Easy, possibly a reference by musicians in the early 20th century to the relative ease of finding work there.
  • The City that Care Forgot, used since at least 1938, referring to the outwardly easygoing, carefree nature of the residents.

Historical Timeline of New Orleans

18th Century

1718 – La Nouvelle-Orléans founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville of the Mississippi Company 1722 – Capital of La Louisiane is relocated to New Orleans, from Biloxi 1734 – Ursuline Convent built 1752 – Modern-day Ursuline Convent building is finished, today the oldest and finest French Colonial building in the U.S 1762 – French colony ceded to Spain 1769 - New Orleans City Archives established 1770s – Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop was built, one of the oldest extant buildings in New Orleans 1779–1781 – Governor-general Bernardo de Gálvez successfully wages the Gulf Coast campaign against British West Florida, as part of the Anglo-Spanish War (1779–83) and in support of the American Revolutionary War. 1788 - Great New Orleans Fire; Lafayette Square laid out; Madame John's Legacy was built in the French Quarter 1789 – Saint Louis Cemetery established 1792 – Theatre de la Rue Saint Pierre opened 1794 - 2nd Great New Orleans Fire; St. Louis Cathedral built on the site of an earlier Catholic church; Carondelet Canal constructed 1799 – The rebuilt Cabildo was finished

19th Century

1801 – France regains power, on paper. 1803 - Napoleon sells a huge swath of North America to the U.S. via the Louisiana Purchase. Formalities of the Spanish transfer to France and the French cession to the United States do not take place until November and December, at the Cabildo; with Upper Louisiana (St. Louis)'s ceremony occurring in the spring of 1804; Etienne de Boré becomes the first mayor, under territorial Governor William C. C. Claiborne. 1804 - Orleans Gazette newspaper begins publication; The Territory of Orleans is established, with the seat of government in New Orleans 1805 – New Orleans incorporated as a city 1806 – New Orleans Mechanics Society instituted 1811 – Largest slave revolt in American history occurs nearby, with Orleans Parish involved in its aftermath 1812 - April – Louisiana becomes a state, with New Orleans as its first capital; August – 1812 Louisiana hurricane 1813 – The Presbytere built 1815 - January – Battle of New Orleans; Charity Hospital built; Théâtre d'Orléans opens 1816 – First licensed pharmacist in the United States, Louis J. Dufilho, Jr. 1817 – First Congregational Church built 1818 – Fort Pike built 1822 – Fort Macomb built 1824 - American Theatre built; Pontchartrain Hotel built at Spanish Fort; Camp Street Theatre becomes the first English language theater constructed in New Orleans. 1827 - L’Abeille de la Nouvelle-Orléans newspaper begins publication; Algiers ferry in operation, which has run continuously to the present day. 1830 – Introduction of natural gas 1831 – Pontchartrain Railroad begins operating 1832 – First steam-powered cotton press 1833 – Lafayette Cemetery is founded 1834 – Medical College of Louisiana and U.S. Mint established 1835 - New Orleans and Carrollton Railroad begins operating, which became today's streetcar lines; U.S. military barracks and First Presbyterian Church built; St. Charles Theatre in operation 1836 - City is divided into three municipalities; St. Louis Hotel in business; Female Orphan Asylum in operation 1837 - The Picayune newspaper begins publication; U.S. economic recession begins with the Panic of 1837; Christ Church built 1838 - St. Charles Hotel in business; New Basin Canal opens, connecting uptown and the lakefront; St. Vincent De Paul Church built 1840 - New Orleans is the wealthiest city in the nation, the third-most populous city, and the largest city in the South; Beginning of the city's public school system; 25th anniversary celebration of the Battle of New Orleans victory, with former President Andrew Jackson in attendance; Antoine's restaurant in business; St. Patrick's Church built; Cypress Grove Cemetery and First German Lutheran Congregation established 1841 – The Boston Club formed 1842 - St. Augustine Church dedicated; Holy Family Sisters founded 1844 - 824 Canal Street built by James Gallier for Dr William Newton Mercer 1845 – City Hall built 1846 - Public School Library, 1st District, established; Jackson monument erected; De Bow's Commercial Review begins publication. 1847 – University of Louisiana Law School opens 1849 – State capital is relocated to the then-small-town of Baton Rouge 1852 - Lafayette becomes part of city; Union Race Course opens; Touro Infirmary founded 1853 - City Park established; Major yellow fever epidemic 1855 – Swiss Benevolent Society founded 1856 - Mistick Krewe of Comus founded; Last Island hurricane dumps 13 inches of rainfall on the city 1857 - Saint Alphonsus Church built; The Pickwick Club formed 1859 - French Opera House opens; Locust Grove Cemetery established 1860 - Louisiana Historical Society incorporated; St. Mary's Assumption Church built 1861 – January – Louisiana votes to secede from the Union 1862 - Capture of New Orleans by Union forces; Café du Monde in business; Harmony Club formed 1863 – New-Orleans Times newspaper begins publication 1866 – New Orleans riot 1867 – Another in the long series of yellow fever epidemics 1868 - Louisiana readmitted to the Union; Straight University founded 1869 – New Orleans University founded 1870 - Algiers and Jefferson City annexed; Leland College established 1874 - Carrollton annexed; Battle of Liberty Place, white insurrection against the Reconstruction government 1876 - St. Roch Cemetery chapel dedicated; New Orleans Lawn Tennis Club and Athénée Louisianais founded 1879 – Unsightly beggar ordinance effected 1881 – Southern University opens 1883 – Theatre built at Spanish Fort 1884 – World Cotton Centennial 1886 – New Orleans Camera Club organized 1887 – Howard Memorial Library built 1889 – Louisiana Historical Association founded 1890 - Confederate Memorial Hall built; Commander's Palace restaurant opens; Jefferson City Buzzards Mardi Gras Marching Club formed 1891 - Jackson Brewery building constructed; Liberty Monument erected 1892 - New Orleans Union Station opens; Street Railway Union established; June – Homer Plessy arrested; New Orleans general strike 1893 - Electric streetcars begin operating; The Roosevelt New Orleans Hotel opens as Hotel Grunewald 1894 – U.S. Naval Station built 1895 – 1895 New Orleans dockworkers riot 1895 – Hennen Building completed 1896 – Fisk Free and Public Library in operation 1897 – Storyville district established 1898 - City Board of Health created 1900 - Robert Charles Riots; Art Association of New Orleans founded

20th Century\

1901 – Louisiana hurricane causes much flooding in the city, due partly to the overflowing Carondelet Canal 1904 – Loyola College established 1905 – Galatoire's restaurant in business 1906 - Louisiana State Museum founded; Beth Israel synagogue opens 1907 - Dixie Brewing Company in business; New Orleans Library Club formed; White City amusement park in business 1908 – New Orleans Public Library main branch building opens 1909 – The Grand Isle hurricane causes much New Orleans flooding 1911 – Delgado Museum of Art and Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) of New Orleans established 1914 – Audubon Zoo established 1915 - Xavier College established 1915 - New Orleans hurricane inflicts great wind damage, destroying churches and the Presbytere's cupola 1916 – Our Lady of Holy Cross College and Zulu Social Aid & Pleasure Club established 1917 - Livery Stable Blues recorded by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band; Storyville closed 1918 - 1918 influenza epidemic; Arnaud's restaurant in business 1919 – The French Opera House is destroyed by fire 1920 - Broussard's restaurant in business 1921 - Delgado Central Trades School opens; Orpheum Theater in operation; Hibernia Bank Building constructed 1922 - WWL radio begins broadcasting 1923 - WDSU radio begins broadcasting; Notre Dame Seminary founded; Roosevelt Hotel in business; Industrial Canal Lock built 1924 - New Orleans Item-Tribune newspaper begins publication; Women's "Petit Salon" organized 1925 - WSMB radio begins broadcasting; Lakeview Presbyterian Church built 1926 - WBNO and WJBW radio begin broadcasting; State Palace Theatre built; Tulane Stadium opens 1927 - Saenger Theatre opens; First National Bank of Commerce Building constructed; Pontchartrain Hotel in business 1928 – Pontchartrain Beach amusement park opens 1929 – National American Bank Building constructed 1930 - Dillard University chartered; Municipal Auditorium opens; Broadmoor Improvement Association formed 1932 – Bureau of Governmental Research established 1933 – O'Brien's in business 1935 – Sugar Bowl begins 1936 – New Orleans Botanical Garden opens 1937 – New Orleans Roosevelt Review begins publication 1938 - Zurich Classic of New Orleans golf tournament begins; Vieux Carré Property Owners, Residents, and Associates preservation group incorporated 1939 - Charity Hospital built; Lincoln Beach amusement park in business 1943 - New Orleans Opera Association formed 1946 - Moisant International Airport opens; Foreign trade zone established in the Port of New Orleans; New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary formed 1947 - Joy Theater opens; New Orleans Emergency Medical Services established; September hurricane creates tremendous flooding 1948 - WDSU-TV (television) begins broadcasting 1949 – Middle South Utilities in business 1950 – New Orleans Pharmacy Museum opens 1951 - St. Augustine High School opens to educate black young men preparing for college 1953 - WJMR-TV (television) begins broadcasting 1954 - McDonogh Day Boycott; New Orleans Union Passenger Terminal opens 1956 - Louisiana State University in New Orleans and Southern University at New Orleans established; Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens 1957 - Pontchartrain Expressway opens; Harvey Tunnel built 1958 – Greater New Orleans Bridge opens 1959 - WVUE-TV (television) begins broadcasting 1960 – November: Desegregation of New Orleans Public Schools begins, with Ruby Bridges attending William Frantz Elementary. 1965 - Annual Marathon race begins; I-10 Twin Span Bridge opens; Hurricane Betsy causes great damage to the city 1966 – Historic New Orleans Collection and Amistad Research Center established 1967 - New Orleans Saints football team formed; International Trade Mart building constructed 1969 - Plaza Tower built; Hurricane Camille inflicts $320 million damage in Louisiana 1970 – Jazz Fest begins 1972 – One Shell Square built 1973 - UpStairs Lounge arson attack; Sniper Mark Essex attacks police in a shooting spree at a Howard Johnsons hotel 1974 - New Orleans Jazz basketball team formed; Preservation Resource Center founded 1975 - Superdome opens; WYLD-FM begins airing in an R&B format 1978 - Ernest N. Morial is elected as city's first black mayor; New Orleans Academy of Fine Arts established 1979 - K-Paul's Louisiana Kitchen in business; Annual Crescent City Classic running race begins; New Orleans Regional Transit Authority established; New Orleans Jazz basketball team relocates to Utah and becomes the Utah Jazz 1980 - Longue Vue House and Gardens opens; Radio WWOZ begins broadcasting 1981 – New Orleans Mint museum active 1983 - Lakefront Arena opens; Luling Bridge opens; Pontchartrain Beach amusement park closes 1984 - French Quarter Festival begins; Convention Center opens; 1984 Louisiana World Exposition; Place St. Charles built 1986 – Tennessee Williams/New Orleans Literary Festival begins and ends a few months later 1988 – 1988 Republican National Convention 1989 – New Orleans Film Society founded 1990 - Emeril’s restaurant in business; Aquarium of the Americas opens; Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge established 1991 – Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra formed 1994 – New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park created 1995 - Essence Music Festival begins; May 1995 Louisiana flood 1998 – City website online 1999 – Voodoo Fest of music begins 2000 - National World War II Museum opens; Six Flags New Orleans theme park opened - initially called Jazzland.

21st Century

2001 – New Orleans Bowl begins 2002 - Charlotte Hornets basketball team relocates to New Orleans and becomes the New Orleans Hornets; New Orleans VooDoo football team formed 2003 - Iron Rail Book Collective founded; Ogden Museum of Southern Art established; John McDonogh High School shooting 2004 – Christmas Eve snowstorm 2005 - August – Hurricane Katrina; levee failures; September – Hurricane Rita; Bring New Orleans Back Commission formed; Big Easy Rollergirls established 2006 - World Cultural Economic Forum begins; January – Chocolate City speech 2008 - Hurricane Gustav; Prospect New Orleans art exhibit begins; Audubon Insectarium opens 2010 - The New Orleans Saints win Super Bowl XLIV on February 7, 2010, bringing home the city's first ever major professional league sports title; Deepwater Horizon oil disaster 2012 - Hurricane Isaac creates widespread power outages 2013 - New Orleans Hornets basketball team renames themselves the New Orleans Pelicans in an effort to localize its name and identity 2014 - Former mayor Nagin sentenced to prison; Fictional program NCIS New Orleans debuts 2015 - 200th anniversary commemoration of the Battle of New Orleans 2017 - Removal of Robert E. Lee Statue and other prominent monuments to the Confederacy 2019 - A new Hard Rock Hotel and Casino being constructed in the city partially collapses, causing a large search effort 2021 - Hurricane Ida makes landfall in Louisiana, passing through New Orleans on the 16th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina

Links

Wikipedia

Genealogy Trails

National World War II Museum

Jackson Square

Bourbon Street

The French Quarter

St. Louis Cathedral

Audubon Aquarium of the Americas

Audubon Zoo

Cafe Du Monde

Mardi Gras World

Frenchmen Street

Jean Lafitte National Park

Royal Street

Magazine Street

Lalaurie Mansion

Museum of Death

New Orleans Jazz National Park

Louis Armstrong Park

Canal Street

Congo Square

Confederate Memorial Hall Museum

Musical Legends Park

Lafayette Square

Music Box Village

Fort Pike

Fort Macomb