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  • James William Parchman (1792 - 1857)
  • Alois Walter (1823 - 1890)
  • Fritz Heinrich F Presum (c.1852 - bef.1940)
    Reference: Ancestry Genealogy - SmartCopy : May 12 2024, 6:54:06 UTC * Reference: Ancestry Genealogy - SmartCopy : May 12 2024, 6:59:40 UTC
  • Ella Ottilie Ujffy (1857 - 1890)
    Biography Ella Ottilie Presum was born on November 12, 1857 in La Grange, Fayette, Texas, USA and was baptized on January 30, 1858 in Frelsburg, Texas, USA. Her parents were Johann Heinrich Ujffy and I...

Pioneers of Texas

Welcome to the Pioneer of Texas Project.

Please add profiles that were born or migrated to Texas between the years of 1599 and 1899. The importance of this project is to trace the early settlers of Texas and to be sure everyone is recognized and highlighted by a side project.

A few early pioneers are highlighted, but they need assistance adding more profiles of our ancestors who were here as well. Handbook of Texas, the largest digital online encyclopedia in the county.

  • Daniel Moody, Governor of Texas *
  • The Early Pioneers of Texas who built Texas starting from Mexico, then to the Republic of Texas to statehood. If you had ancestors that meet this requirement, we must submit their profile to this website for consideration.
  • pre-Columbian Texas
  • Early Spanish explorations 1519–
  • French Texas 1684–1689
  • Spanish Texas 1690–1821
  • Mexican Texas 1821–1836
  • Republic of Texas 1836–1845
  • Statehood 1845–1860
  • Civil War Era 1861–1865 [Texas Civil War Map]
  • Reconstruction 1865– 1899 []

Republic of Texas República de Tejas (Spanish) Main article: Spanish Texas During the late Spanish colonial era, Texas had been one of the Provincias Internas, and the region is known in the historiography as Spanish Texas. Though claimed by Spain, it was not formally colonized by the empire until competing for French interests at Fort St. Louis encouraged Spain to establish permanent settlements in the area.[5] The region was occupied and claimed by the existing indigenous groups. Sporadic missionary incursions occurred in the area during the period from the 1690s–1710s, before the establishment of San Antonio as a permanent civilian settlement.[6] Owing to the area's relatively dense Native American populations, its remoteness from the population centers of New Spain, and the lack of any obvious valuable resources such as silver, Texas had only a small European population, although Spain maintained a small military presence to protect Christian missionaries working among Native American tribes and to act as a buffer against the French in Louisiana and British North America.

Republic of Texas República de Tejas (Spanish)

  • 1836–1846
  • Flag
  • (1839–1845)
  • Seal
  • (1839–1845)
  • Motto:
  • ”Remember the Alamo”[1]


Map of the Republic of Texas. The disputed area is in light green, while the Republic is in dark green. Capital • San Antonio de Bexar (Mexican Texas) • San Felipe de Austin (1835, provisional) • Washington-on-the-Brazos (1836, interim) • Harrisburg (1836, interim) • Galveston (1836, interim) • Velasco (1836, interim) • Columbia (1836–1837) • Houston (1837–1839) • Austin (1839–1846)

Common languages English and Spanish French and German Native languages (Caddo, Comanche) and Portuguese regional

A unitary presidential constitutional republic


• 1836 David G. Burnet

• 1836–38 Sam Houston, 1st term

• 1838–41 Mirabeau B. Lamar

• 1841–44 Sam Houston, 2nd term

• 1844–46 Anson Jones

Vice President1

• 1836 Lorenzo de Zavala

• 1836–38 Mirabeau B. Lamar

• 1838–41 David G. Burnet

• 1841–44 Edward Burleson

• 1844–45 Kenneth L. Anderson

Legislature Congress

• Upper house Senate • Lower house House of Representatives Historical era Western Expansion

• Independence from Mexico March 2, 1836

Annexation by the United States December 29, 1845 • Transfer of power February 19, 1846


1840 1,007,935 km2 (389,166 sq mi) Population

• 1840 70,000 Currency Texan dollar

  • Preceded by Succeeded by
  • Coahuila y Tejas
  • First Mexican Republic
  • Louisiana
  • Texas
  • New Mexico Territory
  • Utah Territory
  • Indian Territory
  • The Second Federal Republic of Mexico
  • Cimarron Territory
  • Kansas Territory
  • Today part of United States
  • 1Interim period (March 16 – October 22, 1836): President: David G. Burnet, Vice President Lorenzo de Zavala

The Burnet Flag used from December 1836 to January 1839 as the national flag until it was replaced by the Lone Star Flag, and as the war flag from January 25, 1839, to December 29, 1845[2]

Naval ensign of the Texas Navy from 1836–1839 until it was replaced by the Lone Star Flag[2]

  • The Lone Star Flag became the national flag on January 25, 1839 (identical to the modern state flag)[2]
  • The State of Texas can fly the flag at the same level as the United States Flag- Absolutely NOT! It’s rude Texas Law
  • The provisions regarding the Texas state flag, including information on its display, are in Chapter 3100 of the Texas Government Code. See the Texas Flag Resources box on this page for additional information regarding the Texas flag.
  • • Texas Government Code, Chapter 3100
  • Government Code Chapter 3100 covers all aspects of the Texas flag including the design, display, pledge of allegiance, and retiring of the flag. The Governor is granted executive order power to order the flag to be flown at half-staff. Evidently, the state had to write this into Texas law for our stubborn Texans, who misunderstood the “Right of Rescission “to mean we are equal now or above the USA! Since the pledge of allegiance was taken away, they added the flying of the Texas flag as well. So, Texans, you are not special, you must lower your flag now, it’s a Texas State Law.

State Flower

Texas Bluebonnet - State Flower since 1901 • [] Don't copy images without paying a license fee to Shutterstock for each image.




  • Women's and Men's Nicknames
  • So, you thought great grandpa's birthname was Ned Johnson and grandmas were Maggie A Johnson (Smith)! It was actually Edward "Ned" Johnson and Margaret "Maggie" Ann Johnson (Smith).
  • The importance of knowing name variations is finding documentation and lineages. Maggie Smith may be listed as Margaret Anne Smith with her parents, not Maggie, and vice versa. If her birth dates, death dates, and other details match.
  • Back in the days before birth certificates, driver's licenses for identification, and stricter standards were put in place, the use of nicknames makes it difficult to trace ancestry, but important for everyone to know the name variations. Mary was "Mollie" Margaret "Maggie" Sarah "Sally" Eleanor or Helen was "Nellie", Clementine was various names; "Tiny" "Tynne" "Clemmie" etc Then the men..... .[]
  • ________________________________________
  • Marriage Records - Travis County - 1857- 1870 Austin Historical So. []

[PDF]Epidemics, Infectious Diseases and Quarantines, 1844-1922

Bryan College Station, Texas []