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Public Welfare Medal winners

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  • Brig. General Frederick F. Russell (1870 - 1960)
    Brigadier General Frederick Fuller Russell (1870, Auburn, New York, USA – December 29, 1960) was a U.S. Army physician who developed a typhoid vaccine in 1909. In 1911, a typhoid vaccination program ...
  • Cleveland Abbe (1838 - 1916)
    Cleveland Abbe (December 3, 1838 – October 28, 1916) was an American meteorologist and advocate of time zones. While director of the Cincinnati Observatory in Cincinnati, Ohio, he developed a system ...
  • Dr. William C. Gorgas, 22nd Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1854 - 1920)
    William Crawford Gorgas KCMG (October 3, 1854 – July 3, 1920) was a United States physician and 22nd Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1914-18). He is best known for his work in abating the transmiss...
  • Wickliffe Rose, Ph.D. (1862 - 1931)
    Wickliffe Rose was born in the United States in 1862, the son of a wandering preacher and teacher. Rose began his career as a college teacher, then became an educational promoter and planner. After the...
  • Vannevar Bush (1890 - 1974)
    Vannevar Bush ( /væˈniːvɑr/ van-nee-var; March 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974) was an American engineer and science administrator known for his work on analog computing, his political role in the developme...

The Public Welfare Medal is awarded by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences "in recognition of distinguished contributions in the application of science to the public welfare." It is the most prestigious honor conferred by the Academy. First awarded in 1914, the medal has been awarded annually since 1976. (includes list of winners)