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Richland County, South Carolina

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Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Richland County, South Carolina.

Official Website

The county was formed in 1785 as part of the large Camden District and was most likely named for its "rich land".

The county seat and largest city is Columbia, which is also the state capital. In 1786 the state legislature decided to move the capital from Charleston to a more central location. A site was chosen in Richland County, which is in the geographic center of the state, and a new town was laid out. Richland County's boundaries were formally incorporated on December 18, 1799. Cotton from the surrounding plantations was shipped through Columbia and later manufactured into textiles there.

General William T. Sherman captured Columbia during the Civil War and his troops burned the town and parts of the county on February 17, 1865. The U. S. Army returned on friendlier terms in 1917, when Fort Jackson was established, which is now the largest and most active Initial Entry Training Center in the U.S. Army.

Adjacent Counties

Cities & Towns

  • Arcadia Lakes
  • Blythewood
  • Cayce
  • Columbia (State Capital, County Seat)
  • Eastover
  • Forest Acres
  • Fort Jackson
  • Irmo

Regions, Communities & Neighborhoods

Arthurtown | Boyden Arbor | Capitol View | Cedar Creek | Dentsville | Dutch Fork | Eau Claire | Fairwold Acres | Gadsden | Hilton | Hopkins | Horrell Hill | Intown/Downtown | Killian | Kingville | Leesburg | Lower Richland | Lykes | Mountain Brook | Northeast Richland | Olympia | Pontiac | Riverside | St. Andrews | Spring Hill | State Park | Upper Richland | Wateree | Windsor Estates | Woodfield



Nat'l Reg. of Hist. Places

Congaree National Park