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Second Battle of Murfreesboro - 12/31/1862 - 01/02/1863, TN

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  • David Stapp, (USA) (1848 - d.)
    Residence 1850: Campbell, Georgia Residence 1860: Talladega, Alabama Residence 1870: Sunflower, Mississippi Military Service: 1860-1865 Civil War 1st Brigade 2nd Division 15th Army Corps Army ...
  • Brig. General Luther Prentice Bradley, (USA) (1822 - 1910)
    Prentice Bradley (December 8, 1822 – March 13, 1910) was an American soldier who served as a Union general officer during the American Civil War.Early lifeBradley was born in New Haven, Connecticut on ...
  • Bvt. Brig. Gen. Thomas Ellwood Rose, (USA) (1830 - 1907)
    Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General. He served in the Civil War as Colonel and commander of the 77th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Captured at the September 1863 Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia,...
  • Pvt. Thomas Laton Pettey, (CSA) (1844 - 1924)
    Private in Company C, Eighth Tennessee Cavalry, CSA. CONFEDERATE TENNESSEE TROOPS 8th Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry (Smith's)
  • Cpl. Benjamin Z. Bowyer, (USA) (1840 - 1863)
    Name: Benjamin Z Bowyer Enlistment Date: 23 Sep 1861 Enlistment Place: Shepherdsville, Kentucky Enlistment Rank: Corporal Muster Date: 1 Nov 1861 Muster Place: Kentucky Muster Company: B Muster Regimen...

The Battle of Stones River (also known as the Second Battle of Murfreesboro) was a battle fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, in Middle Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Of the major battles of the war, Stones River had the highest percentage of casualties on both sides. Although the battle itself was inconclusive, the Union Army's repulse of two Confederate attacks and the subsequent Confederate withdrawal were a much-needed boost to Union morale after the defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, and it dashed Confederate aspirations for control of Middle Tennessee.

Union Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland marched from Nashville, Tennessee, on December 26, 1862, to challenge General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Murfreesboro. On December 31, each army commander planned to attack his opponent's right flank, but Bragg struck first. A massive assault by the corps of Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee, followed by that of Leonidas Polk, overran the wing commanded by Maj. Gen. Alexander M. McCook. A stout defense by the division of Brig. Gen. Philip Sheridan in the right center of the line prevented a total collapse, and the Union assumed a tight defensive position backing up to the Nashville Turnpike. Repeated Confederate attacks were repulsed from this concentrated line, most notably in the cedar "Round Forest" salient against the brigade of Col. William B. Hazen. Bragg attempted to continue the assault with the division of Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge, but the troops were slow in arriving and their multiple piecemeal attacks failed.

Fighting resumed on January 2, 1863, when Bragg ordered Breckinridge to assault the well-fortified Union position on a hill to the east of the Stones River. Faced with overwhelming artillery, the Confederates were repulsed with heavy losses. Falsely believing that Rosecrans was receiving reinforcements, Bragg chose to withdraw his army on January 3 to Tullahoma, Tennessee. This caused Bragg to lose the confidence of the Army of Tennessee.