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Eleazer Ben Shimon MP (deceased)

Eleazer ben Shimon Jewish Encyclopedia

4/25/2013 4/25/2013

Shimon Bar Yochai, Rashbi - MP (80 - 160)

"Simeon bar Yochai", "רבן שמעון בר יוחאי", "Rabban Shimon bar Yochai", "Rashbi"

Simeon bar Yochai ,  also known by his acronym Rashbi, was a famous 1st-century Tannaic (Mishnaic, ed.) sage in ancient Israel, active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. He was one of...

4/25/2013 4/25/2013

Judah ben Ilai MP (c.60 - d.)

"Yehuda bar Ma'arava", "Judah bar Ilai", "Rabbi Judah", "Judah the Palestinian", "יהודה בר מערבא"

Judah bar Ilai Judah bar Ilai, also known as Judah ben Ilai, Rabbi Judah or Judah the Palestinian ‎ יהודה בר מערבא, Yehuda bar Ma'arava, lit. "Judah of the West"), was a tanna of the 2nd Century and so...

3/20/2013 3/20/2013

Eliezer ben Jose HaGalil MP (c.90 - d.)

Eliezer ben Jose (Eliezer ben Yose HaGelili) was a Jewish rabbi who lived in Judea in the 2nd century. He was the son of Jose the Galilean, and is regarded as a Tanna of the fourth generation. He was a...

3/20/2013 3/20/2013

Yose HaGelil MP (c.50 - d.)

"Yose HaGelili"

Jose the Galilean , Jewith Encyclopedia Jose the Galilean יוסי הגלילי , (Yose HaGelili) was a Jewish sage who lived in the 1st and 2nd centuries of the common era. He was one of the Tannaim, the ra...

3/20/2013 3/20/2013

Elazar Ben Azariah MP (deceased)

Eleazar ben Azariah אלעזר בן עזריה ‎ , was a 1st-century CE Palestinian tanna (Mishnaic sage). He was of the second generation and a junior contemporary of Gamaliel II, Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, and Joshua ...

11/9/2012 3/12/2013

Rabbi Akiva MP (40 - 137)

"Rabbi Akiva"

Akiva ben Joseph (ca.40–ca.137 CE), widely known as Rabbi Akiva (Hebrew: רבי עקיבא‎), was a tanna of the latter part of the 1st century and the beginning of the 2nd century (3rd tannaitic generation). ...

3/10/2013 3/12/2013

Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (the surname coming from the father's Hellenized name) אליעזר בן הורקנוס‎ , a Kohen, was one of the most prominent tannaim of the 1st and 2nd centuries, disciple of R. Johanan ben ...

12/28/2010 3/12/2013

Joshua ben Hananiah יהושע בן חנניה (d.131CE) was a leading tanna of the first half-century following the destruction of the Temple. He was of Levitical descent (Ma'as. Sh. v. 9), and served in the sanc...

6/6/2012 3/12/2013

Rabbi Tarfon MP (c.70 - c.150)

Rabbi Tarfon or Tarphon, רבי טרפון‎ , (from the Greek Tryphon), a Kohen, a member of the third generation of the Mishnah sages, who lived in the period between the destruction of the Second Temple (70 ...

3/11/2013 3/12/2013

Saʿadyā ben Yōsēf Gaon of Sura MP (c.882 - 942)

"Saadiah Gaon", "Saadya Gaon", "Sa'adya Gaon", "Saadia ben Josef", "Saadiah ben Joseph", "Rasag", "Saʻadiah Gaon", "سعيد بن يوسف الفيومي‎", "Saʻīd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi", "Sa'id ibn Yusuf al-Dilasi", "Saadia ben Yosef aluf", "Sa'id ben Yusuf ra's al-Kull‎", "סעדי"

Saʿadyā Ben Yōsēf, saʿīd ( abī) yaʿḳūb yūsuf al-fayyūmī (269-331/882-942), Jewish theologian, philosopher and philologist who wrote in Arabic, considered through his independence and breadth as the ini...

8/14/2012 8/14/2012

Hai ben Sherira, Gaon v'haDayyan b'Pumbeditha MP (c.939 - 1038)

"Hai Gaon", "חי גאון", "גאון האי"

Hai ben Sherira , better known as Hai Gaon , was a medieval Jewish theologian, rabbi and scholar who served as Gaon of the Talmudic academy of Pumbedita during the early 11th century. He was born in 93...

2/20/2007 12/29/2010

Shimon HaGadol of Mainz MP (c.970 - 1020)

"שמעון הגדול הראשון ממגנצא", "Shimon HaGadol of Mainz", "Simeon ben Isaac ben Abun of Mainz", "The Elder", "Shimon HaZaken", "Rabbi Simeon The Great", "אבון קלונימוס"

R' Shimon authored many liturgical compositions that have become part of our Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and yom tov prayers. He also wrote the poem Baruch Hashem Yom Yom which is part of the Shabbat mor...

8/25/2007 12/29/2010

Zutra "the Pious" ben Kahana, 25th Exilarch Mar Zutra I MP (c.370 - c.413)

"Ravina I", "Rab Abina I", "Reinado"

Mar Zutra ben Kahana (Rabina I) was a Talmudist, and rabbi, accounted as an Amora sage of the 5th and 6th generation of the Amora era. He began the process of compiling the Talmud with Rav Ashi. The Ta...

2/20/2007 12/29/2010

Rabbi Shimon III ben Gamliel II MP (c.95 - c.180)

"Shimon ben Gamliel", "שמעון בן גמליאל"

Shimon ben Gamliel II רבן שמעון בן גמליאל was a Tanna of the third generation and president of the Great Sanhedrin. He was a direct descendant of King David.Shimon was a youth in Betar when the Bar Kok...

9/24/2009 12/28/2010

Rabbi Yochanan HaSandlar MP (c.100 - c.150)

"רבי יוחנן הסנדלר", "Yochanan Hasandlar", "Johanan ha-Sandalar"

Johanan HaSandlar - יוחנן הסנדלר‎) "Johanan the Shoemaker" or "Johanan the Sandalmaker", alternatively "J ohanan the Alexandrian ") (c. 100 CE – c. 150 CE) was one of the main students of Rabbi Akiva a...

10/11/2007 12/28/2010

Rabban Gamliel II of Yavne MP (c.55 - c.118)

Rabban Gamliel, רבן גמליאל דיבנה‎ was the first person to lead the sanhedrin as nasi after the fall of the second temple, which occurred in 70 CE. Gamliel was appointed nasi approximately 10 years late...

10/11/2007 12/28/2010

Rabban Shimon II ben Gamliel MP (-10 - 70)

"Shimon ben Gamliel", "Rashbag the Martyr", "רשב"ג הנהרג"

Shimon II ben Gamliel I , שמעון השני בן גמליאל הראשון ‎, was a Tannaist sage and leader of the Jewish people. He succeeded his father Gamliel I as the Nasi of the Sanhedrin after his father's death in ...

10/11/2007 12/28/2010

Rabban Gamliel I Hazaken MP (c.50 - 68)

"Gamliel the Elder"

Gamaliel the Elder , or Rabbi Gamaliel I (גמליאל הזקן; Greek: Γαμαλιήλ ο Πρεσβύτερος), was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the mid first century.Gamaliel holds a reputation in the Mishnah for b...

6/27/2007 12/28/2010

Rabbi Simeon ben Hillel HaNasi MP (b. - c.20)

"Shimon Hanasi", "Eighteenth Generation to RASHI", "Simon"

Shimon ben Hillel, שמעון בן הלל About Shimon ben Hillel very little is known. He was the son of Hillel the Elder, and when Hillel died, Shimon took over his place as Nasi. It is assumed that Shimon did...

6/27/2007 12/28/2010

Hillel Hazaken - 'The Elder' grandfather of Gamaliel I MP (c.-110 - c.10)

"Hillel the Elder", "Hillel the Great", "Hillel Hazaken Hanasi", "Hillel"

Hillel the Elder הלל הזקן (author of "The Golden Rule") Hillel (הלל) (born Babylon traditionally c.110BCE-10CE in Jerusalem) was a famous Jewish religious leader, one of the most important figures in J...

6/27/2007 12/28/2010