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Trelowth Manor, Cornwall, England

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Trelowth Manor, Cornwall, England

Trelowth (also Trelowith, or Trelowthe, or Trelowthes; meaning, "the town place of trees")[1][2] is a hamlet in Cornwall, England, UK. It lies 2.3 miles (3.7 km) by road southwest of central St Austell,[3] and is situated immediately to the northwest of Polgooth. The hamlet is part of the parish of St Mewan.

History

Trelowth was mentioned in Domesday Book of 1086; the tenant-in-chief was Robert, Count of Mortain.[4] Trelowth was part of the former manor of Tybesta and, at the time, had 12 medium sized households, 3 villagers, 6 smallholders and 3 slaves.[4] Some 300 acres of pasture and 2 acres of woodland were recorded in Trelowth with 2 cows, 2 pigs, 20 sheep and 10 goats being reared.[4]

In 1470, James Boneython appeared to be in possession of the manor of Trelowth, and an inspection was made in order for it to be leased for life to four others.[5] In circa 1488, a grant was made by Thomas Lovell to Nicholas Crowmere of an annual rent of 50 marks (£33-6-8) that included Trelowthe and several other manors with reversion to Henry VII upon the death of Crowmere and his sons.[6] The Trenhayle family was associated with the village in the Middle Ages and owned Trelowth Manor and Trenhayle Manor.[7] George Trenhayle, who is said to have been the last of the family who possessed Trenhayle, was buried at St Erth in 1687; no remains of his ancient mansion house, Trenhayle Manor, are visible.[7] Trelowth Manor, near the village of Sticker, later became property of the St. Aubyn family and Tredgea family.[1][8] The manor was surrounded by extensive woods, mentioned in many medieval documents. These were felled to pave the way for the Polgooth mine in the 17th century.[9] A smelting house for tin was established in Trelowth, presumably to cater to the nearby mine.[10]

In 1934, the Surveyor reported that the St Austell Rural District Council had hired Lemon and Blizard, consulting engineers, "to submit plans and specifications for the extension of the St Mewan water supply scheme to Trelowth and Sticker, and application is being made for a grant under the Rural Water Supplies Act".[11] Structural changes to several dwellings along the road to Polgooth were announced in engineering journals in 1962.[12][13]

Geography

Trelowth lies in mid-southern Cornwall. It lies to the southwest of St. Austell and St Mewan, to the northeast of Sticker and just to the northwest of Polgooth, connected by a sloping tree-lined road named Trelowth Road.[3] To the east is St Austell Golf Club. The main road of access from St Austell is the A390 road and the Coliza Hill road which leads into the village and onwards to Sticker.[3]

Notable landmarks

On November 17, 1873, a new chapel opened in Trelowth, with Reverend J. Roberts of Bodmin preaching in the morning service and Reverend W. Ashworth in the afternoon service.[14] The village contains several places of accommodation such as the Bosinver Holiday Cottages which lie just off the A390 along the Coliza Hill approaching the village. There are 19 cottages around a 16th-century thatched farmhouse, with a large barn decorated with children's drawings and a solar-heated swimming pool.[15] The village also has the Polgreen Guesthouse,[16] Hunter's Moon[17] and St Margaret's Park Holiday Bungalows.[18] The St Margaret's Park Holiday Bungalows of 29 self-catering cottages are set in six acres of parkland with a stream and the site contains an 18th-century engine house.[18]


References

^ Jump up to: a b Royal Institution of Cornwall (1848). Report (Public domain ed.). pp. 31, 38–. Retrieved 9 December 2011. Jump up ^ Gilbert, Davies (1838). The Parochial History of Cornwall: founded on the manuscript histories of Mr. Hals and Mr. Tonkin; with additions and various appendices (Public domain ed.). J. B. Nichols and Son. pp. 355–. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
^ Jump up to: a b c Maps (Map). Google Maps. ^ Jump up to: a b c "Trelowth". Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ "Inspeximus and confirmation, Trelowthes and Crukewallys manors". Cornwall Council. Retrieved 10 December 2011. Jump up ^ Great Britain. Public Record Office (1890). A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds in the Public Record Office: Series A, 1-1819; Series B, 1-1798; Series C, 1-1780 (Public domain ed.). Printed for H. M. Stationery office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode. pp. 64–. Retrieved 10 December 2011. ^ Jump up to: a b Hitchins, Fortescue; Drew, Samuel (1824). The History of Cornwall: from the earlist records and traditions, to the present time. W. Penaluna. p. 232. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ Wright, William Henry Kearley (1888). The Western Antiquary. Latimer & son. p. 116. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ Henderson, Charles (1963). Essays in Cornish History. Barton. p. 138. Retrieved 7 December 2011. (reissue of the OUP edition, 1935) Jump up ^ Pococke, Richard; Cartwright, James Joel, editor (1888). The Travels through England of Dr. Richard Pococke 1. Printed for the Camden Society by J. B. Nichols and Son. p. 116. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ Surveyor. 1934. p. 363. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ The Surveyor and Municipal and County Engineer. January 1962. p. 505. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ The Civil Engineer. 1962. p. 82. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ THE UNITED METHODIST FREE CHURCHES' MAGAZINE FOR 1873. 1873. p. 122. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ Viccars, Sue (27 May 2008). Frommer's Devon and Cornwall with Your Family: From Breathtaking Coastlines to Tranquil Villages. John Wiley and Sons. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-470-51894-6. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ "Polgreen Guesthouse". www.polgreenguesthouse.co.uk. Retrieved 7 December 2011. Jump up ^ "Eden Project". www.eden-project.co.uk. Retrieved 7 December 2011. ^ Jump up to: a b "St Margaret's Park Holiday Bungalows". www.stmargaretsholidays.co.uk. Retrieved 7 December 2011.

External links

Video of Trelowth, Cornwall