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Union Prisoner-of-War Camps and Military Prisons

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Profiles

  • Pvt Robert Pattinson Nixon, (CSA) (1843 - 1909)
    Civil War Veteran - NIXON, Robert P., Pvt. Co. B, 51st Va. Inf.,CSA. Enlisted July 31, 1861 at Wytheville, Wythe County, VA. Wounded and POW Winchester Sept. 19, 1864; gunshot wound to abdomen entere...
  • Pvt John Clapp, (CSA) (1838 - 1865)
    Enlisted on February 10, 1864 at Wake County, North Carolina as a Private in the 1st North Carolina Infantry, Company E. POW on May 12, 1864 at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia. Confined on May 15,...
  • John W. Steele, (CSA) (1825 - 1865)
    8. John Steele , born March 25, 1825 in Tazewell County, Virginia3; died Abt. 1865 in Richmond. Virginia, shortly after discharge from Pt. Lookout, Maryland Prisoner of War Camp. He was the son of 16...
  • 2nd Lt. Joshua Champlin Bruyn, (CSA) (1835 - 1901)
    Joshua Champlin Bruyn (1835–1901), a Confederate soldier with the Oglethorpe Light Infantry who was a prisoner-of-war at Fort Delaware; he never married.
  • Capt. George Baylor, (CSA) (1843 - 1902)
    Company H, (Mosby's) 43rd Regiment Partisan Cavalry, Dept. of Northern Virginia, C.S.A. Enlisted on 4/19/1861, he was mustered into Company D, 7th Virginia Cavalry as a Private. Commissioned as 2nd L...

work in progress

This master project will be the portal listing the various Union POW camps and prisons, and those who were prisoners and guards.

List of Prisoner-of-War camps

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_...

  • Camp Butler - Springfield, Illinois - 3,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Chase – Columbus, Ohio - 10,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Douglas – Chicago, Illinois - 18,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Morton - Indianapolis, Indiana - 3,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).

(Numbers for inmate totals are approximate.)

List of military prisons

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_...

  • Alton Prison -- Alton, Illinois - 12,000
  • Castle Williams -- Governors Island, New York City - 1,500
  • Davids' Island – New York City - 2,500
  • Elmira Prison – Elmira, New York - 12,000
  • Fort Delaware – Delaware City, Delaware - 12,500
  • Fort Lafayette -- New York City - 163
  • Fort McHenry -- Baltimore, Maryland - 6,900
  • Fort Warren – Boston Harbor, Massachusetts - 1,000 (General officers for the Confederacy).
  • Gratiot Street Prison – St. Louis, Missouri - 2,000
  • Hart Island -- New York City - 3,400
  • Johnson's Island – Lake Erie, Sandusky Bay, Ohio - 10,000 (Lesser commissioned officers from the Confederacy; which also housed political prisoners).
  • Ohio Penitentiary – Columbus, Ohio - 360
  • Old Capitol Prison – Washington, D.C. - 300
  • Point Lookout – Saint Mary's County, Maryland - 52,000
  • Rock Island Prison – Rock Island, Illinois - 12,000

(Numbers for inmate totals are approximate.)

Sources for prison numbers:

  • National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior Historical Publications Inc., Civil War News
  • Gratiot Street Prison, Civil War St. Louis
  • Illinois State Historical Library
  • Ohio Penitentiary
  • The "Old Capitol" Prison, By Colonel N. T. Colby
  • Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War
  • University of Texas
  • The American Civil War
  • "Prisoner of War Camps". Family History 101. Retrieved 17 February 2011.