Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Union Prisoner-of-War Camps and Military Prisons

« Back to Projects Dashboard

view all

Profiles

  • (CSA), Oliver Marion Butler, Civil War veteran (1828 - 1911)
    Oliver Marion Butler BIRTH 15 May 1828 DEATH 13 Aug 1911 (aged 83) Clay County, West Virginia, USA BURIAL Moore Fork Cemetery Ossia, Clay County, West Virginia Oliver Marion BUTLER - Lived in what i...
  • (USA), James Wesley Chapman (1838 - 1932)
    Served for the Union during the Civil war and was captured in Nicholas county VA. Imprisoned in Andersonville Prison camp in GA for 11 months. Jacob Chapman III, a son of Jacob Chapman Jr., was b...
  • Pvt.(CSA), William Carroll Aynesworth (1831 - 1863)
    William C. Aynesworth served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War as a Private in Company C, 24th Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Wilkes') (2nd Texas Lancers). He joined for duty and enrolled...
  • Benjamin F. Fox, Civil War POW (1839 - 1924)
    Virginia Boggs married Benjamin Franklin "Frank" Fox on December 9, 1866 in Braxton County, West Virginia She was a daughter of Benjamin LeMasters Boggs and Virginia Jane Cutlip and was born on D...
  • Judge John Grigsby McCluer, Civil War veteran (CSA) (1844 - 1921)
    Served under Stonewall Jackson in the Civil War, POW from fall of 1864 until spring 1865. (full bio in media tab) [Judge] John Grigsby McCluer BIRTH 18 Apr 1844 Rockbridge County, Virginia, USA DEATH...

work in progress

This master project will be the portal listing the various Union POW camps and prisons, and those who were prisoners and guards.

List of Prisoner-of-War camps

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_the_Confederate_States#Prisoner_of_war_prisons_and_camps

  • Camp Butler - Springfield, Illinois - 3,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Chase – Columbus, Ohio - 10,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Douglas – Chicago, Illinois - 18,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Morton - Indianapolis, Indiana - 3,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).

(Numbers for inmate totals are approximate.)

List of military prisons

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_the_Confederate_States#Prisoner_of_war_prisons_and_camps

  • Alton Prison -- Alton, Illinois - 12,000
  • Castle Williams -- Governors Island, New York City - 1,500
  • Davids' Island – New York City - 2,500
  • Elmira Prison – Elmira, New York - 12,000
  • Fort Delaware – Delaware City, Delaware - 12,500
  • Fort Lafayette -- New York City - 163
  • Fort McHenry -- Baltimore, Maryland - 6,900
  • Fort Warren – Boston Harbor, Massachusetts - 1,000 (General officers for the Confederacy).
  • Gratiot Street Prison – St. Louis, Missouri - 2,000
  • Hart Island -- New York City - 3,400
  • Johnson's Island – Lake Erie, Sandusky Bay, Ohio - 10,000 (Lesser commissioned officers from the Confederacy; which also housed political prisoners).
  • Ohio Penitentiary – Columbus, Ohio - 360
  • Old Capitol Prison – Washington, D.C. - 300
  • Point Lookout – Saint Mary's County, Maryland - 52,000
  • Rock Island Prison – Rock Island, Illinois - 12,000

(Numbers for inmate totals are approximate.)

References and links

Sources for prison numbers:

  • National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior Historical Publications Inc., Civil War News
  • Gratiot Street Prison, Civil War St. Louis
  • Illinois State Historical Library
  • Ohio Penitentiary
  • The "Old Capitol" Prison, By Colonel N. T. Colby
  • Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War
  • University of Texas
  • The American Civil War
  • "Prisoner of War Camps". Family History 101. Retrieved 17 February 2011.