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Union Prisoner-of-War Camps and Military Prisons

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  • Pvt. (CSA), Cook M Tennison (1838 - 1862)
    Died in Camp Douglas, near Chicago (prisoner of war) . Co.K 40th Tennessee Regiment. Cook M. Tennison, K 40 TENN This photo shows the corner of one of several plagues that contain the names of over 4,0...
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  • Colonel (CSA), William S. Christian (1830 - 1910)
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  • Pvt. (CSA), Wesley W. Gregg (1820 - 1865)
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  • 1st Sgt. (CSA), Thomas Augustine Cocke (1835 - 1914)
    Civil War Veteran. 1st Sgt., Company B, 29th Mississippi, CSA. Captured, P.O.W. at Rock Island Barracks, Illinois. Husband of Mary Caroline Marshall. Burial in Jacksonville City Cemetery, Jackson...

work in progress

This master project will be the portal listing the various Union POW camps and prisons, and those who were prisoners and guards.

List of Prisoner-of-War camps

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_the_Confederate_States#Prisoner_of_war_prisons_and_camps

  • Camp Butler - Springfield, Illinois - 3,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Chase – Columbus, Ohio - 10,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Douglas – Chicago, Illinois - 18,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).
  • Camp Morton - Indianapolis, Indiana - 3,000 (the largest of the Union's eight prison camps established for Confederate non-commissioned officers and privates).

(Numbers for inmate totals are approximate.)

List of military prisons

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postage_stamps_and_postal_history_of_the_Confederate_States#Prisoner_of_war_prisons_and_camps

  • Alton Prison -- Alton, Illinois - 12,000
  • Castle Williams -- Governors Island, New York City - 1,500
  • Davids' Island – New York City - 2,500
  • Elmira Prison – Elmira, New York - 12,000
  • Fort Delaware – Delaware City, Delaware - 12,500
  • Fort Lafayette -- New York City - 163
  • Fort McHenry -- Baltimore, Maryland - 6,900
  • Fort Warren – Boston Harbor, Massachusetts - 1,000 (General officers for the Confederacy).
  • Gratiot Street Prison – St. Louis, Missouri - 2,000
  • Hart Island -- New York City - 3,400
  • Johnson's Island – Lake Erie, Sandusky Bay, Ohio - 10,000 (Lesser commissioned officers from the Confederacy; which also housed political prisoners).
  • Ohio Penitentiary – Columbus, Ohio - 360
  • Old Capitol Prison – Washington, D.C. - 300
  • Point Lookout – Saint Mary's County, Maryland - 52,000
  • Rock Island Prison – Rock Island, Illinois - 12,000

(Numbers for inmate totals are approximate.)

Sources for prison numbers:

  • National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior Historical Publications Inc., Civil War News
  • Gratiot Street Prison, Civil War St. Louis
  • Illinois State Historical Library
  • Ohio Penitentiary
  • The "Old Capitol" Prison, By Colonel N. T. Colby
  • Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War
  • University of Texas
  • The American Civil War
  • "Prisoner of War Camps". Family History 101. Retrieved 17 February 2011.