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University of Cincinnati

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The University of Cincinnati (commonly referred to as Cincinnati or UC) is a comprehensive public research university in Cincinnati, in the U.S. state of Ohio, and a part of the University System of Ohio.

Founded in 1819 as Cincinnati College, it is the oldest institution of higher education in Cincinnati and has an annual enrollment of over 40,000 students, making it the second largest university in Ohio and one of the 50 largest universities in the United States. In the 2010 survey by Times Higher Education (UK), the university was ranked in the top 100 universities in North America and as one of the top 200 in the world. Beginning with the 2011 edition of US News and World Report Best Colleges rankings, the University of Cincinnati has been ranked as a Tier One university, ranking as the 129th best overall university and 63rd best public university in the 2015 rankings. This includes being the number 3 ranked university in the nation in the "Up-and-Coming" National Universities section of the 2014 edition. In 2011-2012 academic year the Leiden University ranking put the University of Cincinnati at the 93rd place globally and at the 63rd place in North America by the proportion of top-cited publications. In 2014, US News and World Report ranked UC in the Top-200 of universities worldwide.

The university garners nearly $500 million per annum in research funding, ranking 22nd among public universities in the US. Numerous programs across the university are nationally ranked, including: aerospace engineering, anthropology, architecture, classics, composition, conducting, cooperative education, criminal justice, design, environmental science, law, medicine, music, musical theater, neurology, opera, otolaryngology, paleontology, pediatrics, and pharmacy.

The school offers over 100 bachelor degrees, over 300 degree granting programs, and over 600 total programs of study, ranging from certificates to doctoral and first professional education. With an economic impact of over $3.5 billion per year, it is the largest single employer in Greater Cincinnati. After extensive renovations through the implementation of the 1989 Master Plan, the university has been recognized by campus planners and architects as one of the most distinguished campus settings in the world.

Medical College of Ohio

Daniel Drake founded the Medical College of Ohio in 1819 in Cincinnati. He also helped create the Commercial Hospital and Lunatic Asylum for the State of Ohio in 1820. Prior to the Medical College's establishment, most doctors learned their vocation through an apprenticeship system. Private doctors trained their students. Drake hoped to bring some of the finest doctors in the United States to Cincinnati to provide students with multiple perspectives on the practice of medicine. He also hoped that a diverse faculty would encourage discussion of medical practices and hopefully improve patient care.

Drake served as president of the Medical College until 1823. The Medical College's faculty developed a strong dislike for Drake and voted to remove him as president in 1822, but the faculty members reversed their decision due to public uproar. Unwanted at the Medical College, Drake accepted a position at Transylvania University.

The first several decades of the Medical College of Ohio's existence were rocky to say the least. The various personalities involved with the institution commonly clashed. Daniel Drake returned to Cincinnati in 1826, opening the Cincinnati Eye Infirmary in 1827. Over the next several years, he tried to form his own medical school in Cincinnati, hoping to drive the Medical College out of business. In 1835, he succeeded in establishing a medical program at Cincinnati College, but it collapsed in 1839. During the 1840s, Drake served as a professor of medicine at the Louisville Medical College in Kentucky. In 1849, he accepted a professorship at the Medical College of Ohio, only to resign that same year. In 1852, he rejoined the faculty at the Medical College of Ohio but died a few days after receiving his appointment. Another disgruntled faculty member, Reuben Mussey, established the Miami Medical College in 1852. For the remainder of the nineteenth century, the Medical College of Ohio and the Miami Medical College competed for students.

In 1896, the Medical College of Ohio merged with the University of Cincinnati. The Miami Medical College also joined the University of Cincinnati in 1909, creating the Ohio-Miami Medical College of the University of Cincinnati. In 1920, the college changed its name to the College of Medicine of the University of Cincinnati.

The Medical College of Ohio described in this article is not the same as the Medical College of Ohio (1964-2002), which merged with the University of Toledo in 2003.