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War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748)

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  • George Augustus Eliot, 1st Baron Heathfield (1717 - 1790)
    Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield, KB (25 December 1717 – 6 July 1790) was a British Army officer who served in three major wars during the eighteenth century. He rose to distinction during the Sev...
  • Vice-Admiral Francis William Drake (1724 - 1787)
    Francis William Drake was an officer of the Royal Navy. He served during the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence, rising to the rank of vice-admira...
  • Major Robert Farmar (1717 - 1778)
    Farmar (1717-1778), an American-born British army officer, served in the Caribbean and Europe and later commanded Fort Condé in colonial Mobile. Upon his retirement from the military, Farmar remained a...
  • Sir William Pepperell, 1st Baronet (1696 - 1759)
    Only native American knightedWilliam Pepperrell, 1st Baronet (27 June 1696 – 6 July 1759) was a merchant and soldier in Colonial Massachusetts. He is widely remembered for organizing, financing, and le...
  • Jean Baptiste de La Rochefoucauld, duc d'Anville (1707 - 1746)
    Louis Frédéric de La Rochefoucauld de Roye (August 17, 1707 – September 16, 1746) was made the Duc d'Anville by King Louis XV of France and pursued a military career in the French galley corps. He is b... - War of the Austrian Succession

The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) – including King George's War in North America, the War of Jenkins' Ear, and two of the three Silesian wars – involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the realms of the House of Habsburg.

The war began under the pretext that Maria Theresa was ineligible to succeed to the Habsburg thrones of her father, Charles VI, because Salic law precluded royal inheritance by a woman—though in reality this was a convenient excuse put forward by Prussia and France to challenge Habsburg power. Austria was supported by Great Britain and the Dutch Republic, the traditional enemies of France, as well as the Kingdom of Sardinia and Saxony. France and Prussia were allied with the Electorate of Bavaria.

Spain entered the war to reestablish its influence in northern Italy, further reversing an Austrian dominance over the Italian peninsula that had been achieved at Spain's expense as a consequence of that country's own war of succession earlier in the 18th century.

The war ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. The most enduring military historical interest and importance of the war lies in the struggle of Prussia and the Habsburg monarchs for the region of Silesia.