Conan I le Fort, duc de Bretagne

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Conan I 'le Fort' de Rennes, duc de Bretagne

Also Known As: "Conan the Crooked (le Tort) de Bretagne", "Duke of Brittany Comte d'Rennes' 'Duque de Bretagne' 'Conon' 'Duke of Brittany' 'le Tort", "the Crooked' and 'Count De Bretagne'", "le Tort", "Le Tort", "The Crooked", "/Conan of Rennes", "Duke of Brittany/", "Duke de Bretagn..."
Birthdate:
Death: Died in Conquereuil, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France
Cause of death: killed in battle
Place of Burial: Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel, Le Mont-Saint-Michel, Normandie, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Judicaël, comte de Rennes; Gerberge de Nantes and Gerberge
Husband of Ermangarde d'Anjou, Duchess of Bretagne; Ermengarde Grisgonelle of/ANJOU and N.N.
Father of Geoffroy I, duc de Bretagne; Judith de Bretagne; Catuallon de Bretagne; Hernod de Bretagne; Judicaël, comte de Porhoët and 4 others
Brother of Enoguen de Rennes and Meen I, seigneur de Fougères
Half brother of Martin I de Vitre, Seigneur de Vitre

Occupation: Duke of Brittany, Hertug, Duke of Rennes, DUKE OF BRITTANY, duc de Bretagne (988-992), comte de Rennes (970), comte de Nantes, count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death, COMTE DE RENNES, Count of Rennes; Duke of Brittany, Herttua
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Conan I le Fort, duc de Bretagne

Conan 'le Tort' de Rennes, Duc de Bretagne

Parents: Judicaël (Juhael) Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge Spouse: Ermengarde d'Anjou Children: 1. Geoffroy 2. Judith 3. Judicaël 4. Catuallon 5. Hurnod 6.-9: four illegitimate children, see below

LINKS http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm#ConanIdied992 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes

MEDIEVAL LANDS

CONAN de Rennes, son of JUDICAËL [Juhael] Comte de Rennes & his wife Gerberge --- (-killed in battle Conquereil 27 Jun 992). The Chronicle of Nantes names "Conano filio Judicael Berengarii Redonensi comite" when recording that he held a large part of Brittany from Thibaut [II] Comte de Blois and fought with Hoël Comte de Nantes[120]. His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records the death of his grandson "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" in 1008[121]. Comte de Rennes. He succeeded in [970] as CONAN I "le Tort" Duke of Brittany. Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan "crowned himself with a royal diadem", was defeated by his brother-in-law Foulques Comte d'Anjou, and surrendered after his right hand had been cut off[122]. The Chronico Sancti Michaelis records that "Conanus Brito…filius Juhelli Berengarii" was killed in battle "V Kal Jul 992" against Foulques Comte d'Anjou[123]. The Chronicle of Nantes reports that he was killed at the battle of Conquereuil[124], dated "992 V Kal Jul" in the Chronicon britannicum[125]. The Chronicon Kemperlegiense records the death "in bello Conçurruç…V Kal Jul" of "Conanus comes, filius Iudicaëlis Berengarii Comitis Redonensis"[126].

m (973) ERMENGARDE d'Anjou, daughter of GEOFFROY I "Grisegonelle" Comte d'Anjou & his first wife Adela de Meaux [Vermandois-Carolingian] (before 965-after 982). Rodulfus Glaber records that Conan married the sister of Foulques of Anjou but does not name her[127]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.

Mistresses (1) - (x): ---. The names of Duke Conan's mistresses are not known.

Duke Conan I & his wife had five children:

1. GEOFFROY de Bretagne ([980]-20 Nov 1008). His parentage is confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which records that "Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli Berengarii" died in 1008 "dum pergeret Romam causa orationis"[128]. He succeeded his father in 992 as GEOFFROY I Duke of Brittany.

- see below.

2. JUDITH de Bretagne (982-16 Jun 1017). Guillaume de Jumièges records the marriage at Mont Saint-Michel of Duke Richard and Judith sister of "Geoffroi comte des Bretons"[129]. According to Orderic Vitalis, Judith founded the abbey of Bernay, Eure in 1025[130], but this date is inconsistent with her date of death and her husband's second marriage. An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Judith…"[131]. The Chronicle of Caen Saint-Etienne records the death in 1017 of "Judita comitissa"[132]. m (Mont Saint-Michel [1000]) as his first wife, RICHARD II "le Bon/l'Irascible" Comte de Normandie, son of RICHARD I "Sans-Peur" Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora (-28 Aug 1027).

3. JUDICAËL (-1037). His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[133]. Comte de Porhoët.

4. CATUALLON (-15 Jan, 1050 or after). Tresvaux records that Catuallon, brother of Geoffroy I Duke of Brittany, was abbot of Redon, but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[134].

5. HURNOD [Urvod] de Bretagne (-after 1026). His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 1026 which recalls that "Gaufridus, Conani Curvi filius" was killed "apud Concuruz prelium", witnessed by "Judicael et Hurwodius duo fratres ipsius"[135].

Duke Conan I had four illegitimate children by Mistresses (1) - (x):

6. ALAIN . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

7. JUDICAËL dit Glanderius . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

8. son . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

9. son . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. --------------------------- WIKIPEDIA (Eng) Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes.

Family and children He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. ----------------------------- Biography

Conan I was the son of Juhel Bérenger. After being freed from the tutelage of Wicohen, Archbishop of Dol-de-Bretagne, who had imposed his rule to his father, Conan is mentioned for the first time as "Conanus commes Britanniae" August 16 at the 979 yard Count Odo of Chartres.

Conan then takes control of Vannes in alliance with Orscand the Great, bishop of Vannes (970-992). The first and indecisive Battle of Conquereuil disputed Hoel cons of Nantes in 981 does not allow it to impose its sovereignty over the Nantes [1].

After the disappearance of Guérech Count of Nantes, he puts his hand on the county of Nantes in 990 after the death of his young heir Count Alain and was proclaimed "Duke of Brittany. On confirmation of a gift made to the abbey of Mont Saint Michel, July 28 990 in presence of all the bishops of Brittany, Conan takes the title of "Princeps Britannorum.

The new Count of Anjou (Fulk Nerra) caring for his political rise proclaimed himself the advocate of the house of Nantes and it gives him fight. Conan I was killed in the defeat at the Second Battle of Conquereuil June 27 992 [2]

Conan I of Brittany was buried in the abbey of Mont Saint Michel which he was the benefactor.

Unions and progeny

From his union with Ermengarde daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou it leaves at least two children:

    * Geoffrey Duke of Brittany
    * Judith, wife of between 996 and 1008 Duke Richard II of Normandy, died June 28, 1017.

Although no other wife not being known, the three following son never considered children of Ermengarde.

    * Judicaël, Bishop of Vannes in 992 died June 13, 1037.
    * Catualon abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Redon from 1019 to 1040.
    * Urvod mentioned in 1026 in a charter of Alain III of Brittany.

--------------------

-------------------- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. [edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. [edit] See also

   * Dukes of Brittany family tree

[edit] Notes Preceded by Alan II Duke of Brittany 958–992 Succeeded by Geoffrey I

-------------------- Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. Conflicting information has been given for the family's origin, one version making Conan great-grandson of Erispoe, Duke of Brittany.[1]

This was the first Gallo family to ascend the Breton duchy, the line of which is first known from Judicael's father Berenguer, Count of Rennes, born in Bayeux, in what was left of Brittania Nova, the March of Neustria, before the cession to the Norman Rollo (911). They had been vassals of the Franks in the same capacity as Roland, Marcher Lords of Brittany, but not of Britannic origins.

[edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. -------------------- Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search

Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. Conflicting information has been given for the family's origin, one version making Conan great-grandson of Erispoe, Duke of Brittany.

This was the first Gallo family to ascend the Breton duchy, the line of which is first known from Judicael's father Berenguer, Count of Rennes, born in Bayeux (what was left of the Brittania Nova) before the Norman cession under Rollo. They had been vassals of the Franks in the same capacity as Roland, Marcher Lords of Brittany, but not of Britannic origins.

[edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, his heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in Battle against Fulk the Black at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes -------------------- Also, of Rennes. -------------------- Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes. [edit]Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue: Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037) Geoffrey, the eventual heir Catuallon, abbot of Redon Hernod Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. -------------------- Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He became ruler of Brittany after a period of civil and political unrest, having first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes.

[edit] Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. -------------------- Alias: The Crooked -------------------- Ermengarde of Anjou, Duchess of Brittany (932 – 992) was the daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois.

She married Conan I of Rennes, Count of Rennes and Duke of Brittany and had the following children:

   * Judith (982-1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Esmeralda, countess of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey I of Brittany
   * Conrad

Family and children

He married Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

   * Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy
   * Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037)
   * Geoffrey, the eventual heir
   * Catuallon, abbot of Redon
   * Hernod

Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey. -------------------- From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_190.htm

Conan "le Tort" took Nantes in 990; descends from a Conan known as Cynan Medriadog, Prince of Albaine and Powys, who died in 421 (m.388 Dareara, sister of St. Patrick & dau. of Calphurnius) - the legends also have Cynan leaving to found a colony in Armorica, France in 384. Legend also traces Conan's line from ancient Welsh "kings." As Count of Rennes he subdued the entire province and his son and successor, Geoffrey, was first to assume the title "Duke of Brittany." The dukes were crowned at Rennes.

References: [PlantagenetA],[ES],[Theroff],[AR7],[Weis1],[RFC], [Paget1] -------------------- Count of Bretagne and Rennes was born at of Bretagne, Rennes, France. --------------------

   Conan Ier de Bretagne, dit le Tort, ( Conquereuil, 27 juin 992), le fils de Juhel Bérenger, fut comte de Rennes (970) et duc de Bretagne (990-992). Il est le père de Geoffroi Ier de Bretagne.
   Après s'être débarrassé de la tutelle de Wicohen l'archevêque de Dol-de-Bretagne qui avait imposé sa suzerainté à son père, Conan pris le contrôle du Vannetais en s'alliant avec Orscand le Grand évêque de Vannes (970-992).La première et indécise bataille de Conquereuil disputée contre Hoël de Nantes en 981 ne lui permet pas d'imposer sa suzeraineté sur le Nantais.
   Après la dispariton du comte Guérech de Nantes, il met la main sur le comté de Nantes en 990 après la mort de son jeune héritier le comte Alain et se fait proclamer duc de Bretagne. Lors de la confirmation d'une donation faite à l'abbaye du Mont Saint Michel, le 28 juillet 990 en présence de l'ensemble des évêques de Bretagne, Conan prend le titre de Prince des Bretons.
   Le nouveau comte d'Anjou (Foulques Nerra, son beau-frère) s'inquiétant de son ascension politique se proclame le défenseur des intérêts de la maison de Nantes et il lui livre combat. Conan Ier est tué dans la défaite, lors de la seconde Bataille de Conquereuil en 992.
   " A la mort de Guerch, fils d'Alain Barbe-Torte, Conan Le Tort crut le moment favorable pour imposer sa suzeraineté à Nantes : il s'empara de la ville, mais Foulques Nerra, Comte d'Anjou, entreprit une campagne énergique, reprit la ville de Nantes et imposa Judicaël aux nantais. Conan accourut au devant de son adversaire : la rencontre eut lieu sur les landes de "Coquereuil". Le sort de la bataille eût penché en faveur de Conan, si celui-ci ne s'était avancé imprudemment à la poursuite de ses ennemis : cerné par un groupe de partisans des angevins, il ne put se dégager et fut tué (27/6/992)" ["histoire de la Bretagne" par Henri Poisson et Jean-Pierre Le Mat - Ed Gop Breizh]
   Conan Ier de Bretagne fut inhumé dans l'église abbatiale du Mont Saint Michel dont il était le bienfaiteur.
   Celui-ci a pour ascendants directs Charlemagne de Herstal, empereur d'Occident, 747-814 (Sosa 64), Charles Martel (Sosa 72),Pepin le Bref (Sosa 128) et Berthe aux grands pieds (Sosa 129), Clovis roi des Francs 466-511 sosa (18528),et en remontant encore 15 générations le 9 ième empereur de Rome Vespasien (9-79)mais cette filiation n'est pas vraiment prouvée 

-------------------- Conan I of Rennes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Conan I (927 – June 27, 992) was the count of Rennes from 958 and duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He had first succeeded his father Judicael Berengar, as count of Rennes and later became duke of Brittany following his attack on Nantes and the subsequent death of Alan, duke of Brittany.[1]

[edit] Family and childrenHe married Ermengarde of Anjou,[2] daughter of Geoffrey I of Anjou and Adele of Vermandois and had the following issue:

Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy Judicael, count of Porhoet (died 1037) Geoffrey, the eventual heir Catuallon, abbot of Redon Hernod Conan died in battle against his brother-in-law Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou at the Battle of Conquereuil and is buried in Mont Saint Michel Abbey.[3]

-------------------- Opprinnelig greve av Rennes, men kalte seg hertug av Bretagne, og er stamfar til de senere hertuger.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conan_I_of_Rennes

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Conan I le Fort, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

980
980
Rennes, Ille Et Vilaine, Bretagne, France
980
Manche, Bass Normandie, France
982
982
992
June 27, 992
Conquereuil, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, France
June 29, 992
Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel, Le Mont-Saint-Michel, Normandie, France
1992
August 22, 1992
1993
January 27, 1993
October 27, 1993
1994
May 12, 1994
December 6, 1994