Cornelia Elizabeth Swart (1879 - 1937)

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Nicknames: "Mrs. Barend Herbst"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Prieska, South Africa
Death: Died in South Africa
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Cornelia Elizabeth Swart

Johannesburg Refugee Camp 1900 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Barend Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Registration as head of family: Yes

Unique ID: 135378

Camp History

Name: Johannesburg RC

Date arrival: 18/10/1901

Date departure: 18/04/1902

Reason departure: returned home

Destination: Stand 1021 St 9 Vrededorp

Tent number: A3 / 2035

Farm History

Name: Herbst family

Town: Vrededorp

District: Johannesburg

Relationships

Mrs Barend Herbst

is the mother of Miss Gertruda Katrina Herbst

Sources

Title: DBC 71 Johannesburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: 71

Notes: p.155

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Cornelia Elizabeth Swart's Timeline

1879
February, 1879
South Africa
1899
February 7, 1899
Age 20
1900
1900
- 1902
Age 20
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Johannesburg was an unusual camp in that it was the only urban camp in the entire system. Like Pretoria, from the start of the war Johannesburg had large numbers of refugees who needed help, and these increased when the British arrived. While many people were housed in the homes of the Uitlanders who had left for the coast, some kind of camp probably came into being fairly early, certainly by December 1900. At the end of December 1900, writing to Lady Hobhouse, Emily Hobhouse noted that there were rumours of ‘some sort of prison camps’ in Johannesburg with 4,000 women and children. With its mines and compounds, the town appeared to have plenty of accommodation and, in the early days, some women were housed in the men’s quarters at Robinson’s Deep and Village Deep.1 In the end, however, the camp was located at Turffontein – the Johannesburg racecourse – where the people lived in the grandstands. While they may have been relatively waterproof, the stands were not ideal, being dark and stuffy, and it was not long before the superintendent was recommending bell tents for the inmates. In the meantime, some sheds were built while other people were housed in nearby suburbs, making administration very difficult. Nevertheless, the Ladies Committee was pleasantly impressed by Johannesburg camp when they visited it in September 1901, describing it as being in a ‘charming situation’. They were particularly struck by the quality of the accommodation which they considered better than in any other camp they had visited, and they regarded the superintendent as thoughtful and efficient. Dr Franks, visiting earlier in July 1901, commented that ‘If every burgher camp be as well managed as this one there is very small ground for complaint’.

http://www2.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Johannesburg/

1904
July 10, 1904
Age 25
1909
September 19, 1909
Age 30
1911
November 30, 1911
Age 32
1913
September 17, 1913
Age 34
1915
October 10, 1915
Age 36
1918
February 2, 1918
Age 39
1920
November 15, 1920
Age 41