Cornelia Elizabeth Swart

Is your surname Swart?

Research the Swart family

Cornelia Elizabeth Swart's Geni Profile

Records for Cornelia Elizabeth Swart

252,503 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Cornelia Elizabeth Swart

Also Known As: "Mrs. Barend Herbst"
Birthplace: Prieska, South Africa
Death: Died in South Africa
Immediate Family:

Wife of Barend Johannes Stephanus Herbst, b3c1d4e3
Mother of Gertrude Kathleen Herbst; Josef Cornelius Herbst; Anna Cornelia Herbst; Johannes Bernardus Herbst; Cornelia Magdalena Herbst and 4 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Cornelia Elizabeth Swart

Johannesburg Refugee Camp 1900 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Barend Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Registration as head of family: Yes

Unique ID: 135378

Camp History

Name: Johannesburg RC

Date arrival: 18/10/1901

Date departure: 18/04/1902

Reason departure: returned home

Destination: Stand 1021 St 9 Vrededorp

Tent number: A3 / 2035

Farm History

Name: Herbst family

Town: Vrededorp

District: Johannesburg


Mrs Barend Herbst

is the mother of Miss Gertruda Katrina Herbst


Title: DBC 71 Johannesburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: 71

Notes: p.155

view all 14

Cornelia Elizabeth Swart's Timeline

February 1879
South Africa
February 7, 1899
Age 20
- 1902
Age 20
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Johannesburg was an unusual camp in that it was the only urban camp in the entire system. Like Pretoria, from the start of the war Johannesburg had large numbers of refugees who needed help, and these increased when the British arrived. While many people were housed in the homes of the Uitlanders who had left for the coast, some kind of camp probably came into being fairly early, certainly by December 1900. At the end of December 1900, writing to Lady Hobhouse, Emily Hobhouse noted that there were rumours of ‘some sort of prison camps’ in Johannesburg with 4,000 women and children. With its mines and compounds, the town appeared to have plenty of accommodation and, in the early days, some women were housed in the men’s quarters at Robinson’s Deep and Village Deep.1 In the end, however, the camp was located at Turffontein – the Johannesburg racecourse – where the people lived in the grandstands. While they may have been relatively waterproof, the stands were not ideal, being dark and stuffy, and it was not long before the superintendent was recommending bell tents for the inmates. In the meantime, some sheds were built while other people were housed in nearby suburbs, making administration very difficult. Nevertheless, the Ladies Committee was pleasantly impressed by Johannesburg camp when they visited it in September 1901, describing it as being in a ‘charming situation’. They were particularly struck by the quality of the accommodation which they considered better than in any other camp they had visited, and they regarded the superintendent as thoughtful and efficient. Dr Franks, visiting earlier in July 1901, commented that ‘If every burgher camp be as well managed as this one there is very small ground for complaint’.

July 10, 1904
Age 25
September 19, 1909
Age 30
November 30, 1911
Age 32
September 17, 1913
Age 34
October 10, 1915
Age 36
February 2, 1918
Age 39
November 15, 1920
Age 41