Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset

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About Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset

Duke of Somerset

Successor Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke

Earl of Somerset

Predecessor John Beaufort, 1st Duke, 3rd Earl

Successor Henry Beaufort, 5th Earl

Spouse: Eleanor Beauchamp


Eleanor, Countess of Ormonde, Lady Spencer

Elizabeth, Lady Fitz Lewis

Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke

Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Stafford, Lady Darell

Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke

Anne Paston

John Beaufort, Marquess of Dorset

Joan, Lady St Lawrence, Lady Fry

Thomas Beaufort

House: House of Beaufort

Father: John Beaufort, 1st Earl

Mother: Margaret Holland

Born 1406

Died 22 May 1455(1455-05-22) (aged 48/9)

First Battle of St Albans


"Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, KG (1406 – 22 May 1455), sometimes styled 1st Duke of Somerset, was an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years' War. He also succeeded in the title of 4th Earl of Somerset and was created 1st Earl of Dorset and 1st Marquess of Dorset (previously held by his father and later forfeited), and Count of Mortain. He was known for his deadly rivalry with Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York."











Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume X, page 128. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 342.

[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 220. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 104-106. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference: "Beaufort, Edmund". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 150. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:33, p. 87 line 87:34.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxix.

[S394] #230 [5th edition, 1999] The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (5th edition, 1999), Adams, Arthur, (5th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1999), FHL book 973 D2aa 1999., p. 111 line 90:10

[S394] #230 [5th edition, 1999] The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (5th edition, 1999), Adams, Arthur, (5th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1999), FHL book 973 D2aa 1999., p. 98 line 80:10, p. 112 line 90:10.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 131 fn. (c), 145, 389; vol. 4 p. 417; vol. 11 p. 703 fn. (a).

-------------------- Somerset was appointed to replace York as commander in France in 1448. Fighting began in Normandy in August 1449. Somerset's subsequent military failures left him vulnerable to criticism from York's allies. Somerset was supposed to be paid £20,000; but little evidence exists that he was. He failed to repulse French attacks, and by the summer of 1450 nearly all the English possessions in northern France were lost. By 1453, all the English possessions in the south of France were lost as well, and the Battle of Castillon ended the Hundred Years War.

Power had rested with Somerset from 1451 and was virtually monopolized by him until the King went insane and York was named Lord Protector. York imprisoned Somerset in the Tower of London, and his life was probably saved only by the King's seeming recovery late in 1454, which forced York to surrender his office.

By now York was determined to depose Somerset by one means or another, and in May 1455 he raised an army. He confronted Somerset and the King in an engagement known as the First Battle of St Albans which marked the beginning of the Wars of the Roses. Somerset was killed in a last wild charge from the house where he had been sheltering. His son, Henry, never forgave Warwick and York for his father's death, and he spent the next nine years attempting to restore his family's honour.

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Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset's Timeline

Age 25
London, Middlesex, England
Age 25
Kings Stanley, Lasboro, Gloucestershire, England
Age 27
London, Middlesex, England
Age 29
London, London, England
January 26, 1436
Age 30
St. Albans, Herefordshire, England
Age 31
London, UK
Age 33
London, Middlesex, , England
Age 36
London, Middlesex, , England
May 31, 1443
Age 37
London, London, England