Elizabeth Daniellina Maria Gouws (deceased)

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Nicknames: "Mrs Johannes Nicolaas Rudolph Joubert"
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Elizabeth Daniellina Maria Gouws

Middelburg Refugee Camp 1901 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Johannes Nicolas Rudolf Joubert

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Unique ID: 81799

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Date arrival: 06/05/1901

Date departure: 01/08/1902

Destination: left for farm

Tent number: I 750

Farm History

Name: Doornkop

District: Middelburg


Mrs Johannes Nicolas Rudolf Joubert is the wife of Mr Johannes Nicolas Rudolf Joubert


Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 117

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Elizabeth Daniellina Maria Gouws's Timeline

May 12, 1865
May 12, 1867
July 21, 1870
December 8, 1874
May 27, 1877
August 21, 1882
February 28, 1885
December 18, 1887
- 1902
South Africa

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’.1 An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease. By all these criteria the mortality in Middelburg ought to have been amongst the worst in the system, yet this was not the case, as a comparison with Mafeking camp shows. Indeed, apart from the May peak (a pattern which appeared in almost all the camps) mortality was little worse than the camp average, which was a record few camps achieved.