George III of the United Kingdom

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George III William Frederick Hanover, King of the United Kingdom

Nicknames: "The Mad King", "The King Who Lost America"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Norfolk House, St.James Square, London, England
Death: Died in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Place of Burial: St. George's Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales
Husband of Charlotte, Queen consort of the United Kingdom
Partner of Margaret Frances Sheldon
Father of Samuel Parks; John Taylor/Powell; George IV Augustus Frederick King of the United Kingdom of GB and Ireland, König zu Hannover; Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany; William IV of the United Kingdom and 13 others
Brother of Augusta, princess of Great Britain; Prince Edward, Duke of York; Elizabeth Caroline of the United Kingdom, von Hannover, Princess; HRH Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester & Edinburgh; Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and 3 others
Half brother of Fitzfrederick Cornwall Vane and Unknown daughter Vane

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About George III William Frederick Hanover, King of the United Kingdom

Predecessor: George II Successor: George IV

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George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738– 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two Hanoverian predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language,and never visited Hanover.

His life and reign, which were longer than those of any previous British monarch, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of its American colonies were soon lost in the American Revolutionary War. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. In the later part of his life, George III suffered from recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. Medical practitioners were baffled by this at the time, although it has since been suggested that he suffered from the blood disease porphyria. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent. On George III's death, the Prince Regent succeeded his father as George IV.

Historical analysis of George III's life has gone through a "kaleidoscope of changing views" that have depended heavily on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them.Until re-assessment occurred during the second half of the twentieth century, his reputation in the United States was one of a tyrant and in Britain he became "the scapegoat for the failure of imperialism".

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Wikipedia links:

Afrikaans, العربية, Беларуская, Български, Bosanski, Česky, Dansk, Deutsch, English, Español, Eesti, فارسی, Suomi, Français, עברית, Hrvatski, Magyar, Italiano, 日本語, 한국어, Latviešu, Nederlands, Norsk bokmål, Polski, Português, Română, Русский, Slovenčina, Српски / srpski, Svenska, ไทย, Türkçe, Українська, Tiếng Việt, 中文

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other links:

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george3

http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/hanover_3.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1981

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=5139

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I45475&tree=Nixon

http://www.nndb.com/people/948/000068744/

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/10540

http://thepeerage.com/p10078.htm#i100777

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Citations / Sources:

[S3] Marlene A. Eilers, Queen Victoria's Descendants (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987), page 148. Hereinafter cited as Queen Victoria's Descendants.

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 21. Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 273. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 65.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 227.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 497.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 261.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 285-286, 299. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S12] C. Arnold McNaughton, The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy, in 3 volumes (London, U.K.: Garnstone Press, 1973), volume 1, page 6. Hereinafter cited as The Book of Kings.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "George III, 1738-1820". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S105] Brain Tompsett, Royal Genealogical Data, online http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogical Data.

[S300] Michael Rhodes, "re: Ernest Fawbert Collection," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 8 February. Hereinafter cited as "re: Ernest Fawbert Collection."

[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."

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George III of the United Kingdom's Timeline

1738
June 4, 1738
Norfolk House, St.James Square, London, England
June 4, 1738
London, United Kingdom
July 4, 1738
Norfolk House, St James Square, London, England
1752
1752
Age 13
Of London, Middlesex, England
1755
1755
Age 16
1759
April 17, 1759
Age 20
Church of England, London, Middlesex, England
1761
September 8, 1761
Age 23
St. James's Palace, Chapel Royal, St. James's, London, England
September 8, 1761
Age 23
1762
August 12, 1762
Age 24
London, Britain (UK)
1763
August 16, 1763
Age 25
St. James Palace,London,England