Jacques de Savoye, SV/PROG

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Jacques de Savoye, SV/PROG

Also Known As: "Viscount", "Jacob de Savoij", "Jacobus de Savo", "Jacobus de Savoye", "Jacobùs Savooij"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ath, Hainaut, Walloon Region, Belgium
Death: Died in Cape Town, South Africa
Place of Burial: Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Immediate Family:

Son of Julien de Savoye and Jeanne Dureau
Husband of Christine Madeleine du Pont, SM and Marie-Madeleine le Clercq, SM
Father of Jeanne de Savoye, b1; Catherine de Savoye; Jacques de Savoye, b2; Julienne-Louise de Savoye, b3; Marguerite -Therese de Savoye, b4 PROG1 and 7 others
Brother of Jacques de Savoye; Gillette de Savoye and Jean de Savoije

Occupation: Business man, Merchant/Heemraad, owner of vrede & lust wine farm, Farmer
Managed by: Chris Steyn
Last Updated:

About Jacques de Savoye, SV/PROG

de Savoye Family Progenitor Details from project

a. Jacques de Savoye b. before 29 January 1636, d. October 1717

m 4/7/1657 Christine du Pont b. c 1640, d. b 1686

b1. Jeanne de Savoye b. b 1667

b2.Catherine de Savoye (b 21 September 1663 - ) requires validation

b3. [Agatha Therese de Savoye] baptised 7/1/1667 requires validation (presently merged into Marguerite)

b4.Jacques de Savoye b. Jun 1669

b.5.Julienne-Louise de Savoye b. 16 May 1671, d. May 1671

b.6.Marguerite-Thérèse de Savoye b. b 4 Sep 1672, d. Mar 1742

b7. Barbe-Thérèse de Savoye b. b 20 May 1674

b8. Chrétien de Savoye b. 27 Jun 1676, d. b 30 Sep 1676

b9. Susanne de Savoye b. 27 Jan 1678

m 1686 Marie-Madeleine le Clercq b. c 1670, d. 1721

b10. Jacques de Savoye b.b 12 Apr 1687

b11.Jacquette de Savoye b.b 12 Apr 1687 possibly twin of Jacques. Possibly died young as not on emigration boat in 1688

b12.Aletta de Savoye b. b 17 Jul 1689

b13.Philippe Rudolf de Savoye b. b 29 Aug 1694


Resources

  • http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g5/p5156.htm
  • M. Boucher. French Speakers at the Cape in the first hundred years of Dutch East India Company rule: The European background. Pretoria: University of South Africa, 1981.pp. 264-269.
  • Pieter Coertzen, The Huguenots of South Africa 1688-1988 (28 Wale Street, Cape Town: Tafelberg Publishers Limited, 1988)

____________

Cape Muster Roll 1695

http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/index.php/muster-rolls/cape-archives-vc-copies/19-cape-muster-roll-1695

Page 147

Christoffel Snijman & Margrita de Savoye 4 k.

Page 148

Jacobus Savoije & Maria Magdalena Clerck 4 k.

Cape Muster Roll of 1702 ... compiled on 23 January 1702, Cape Archives VC 49s

Page 7

Christoffel Snijman & Margarita de Savoije 8 k.

Page 12

Christiaan Eijlers & Barbara de Savoije 2 k.

Page 16

Jagus de Savoye & Maria Magdalena de Clercq 3 k.

http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g5/p5156.htm

-----------

French Huguenot immigrants to SA in 1688 on the ship 'Oosterlandt':

---------

Namen van de fransche gereformeerde vluchtelinge toe gestaen op het reglement en Eedt als vrije luijde te vertrecken naer de Cabo de bonne Esperance met het schip Oosterlant :

  • Jacques de Savoije van Aeth
  • Maria Magdalena le Clerck van tournay syn huijsvrouw
  • Anthonette Carnoij van tournay : de schoonmoeder van Jacques d'Savoije.
  • Margo out 17 jaren
  • barbere out 15 jaren } Alle kinderen van Jaecques de Savoije
  • Jacques out 9 maenden
   ...

En hebbe alle dese voorenstaende mans persoonen gedaen den Eedt in hande van de heer galernis tresel als schepe binnen deser stadt Middelb. op de 8 Januar : Ao 1688.

- Botha, C Graham: The French Refugees at the Cape, 2nd Ed 1921

-------------------

http://www.stamouers.com/desavoye.htm

Jacques de SAVOYE (Savoije) gebore 1636, Aeth, Hainaut (Vlaandere). Hy trou 4 Julie 1657 met Christine du PONT, sy was van Ath. Hy trou die tweede maal in 1686 met Marie Madeleine de KLERK (le CLERCQ) sy was van Doornik. Jacques sterwe Oktober 1717. Hy word ook beskryf as 'n oortuigde Calvinis, wat baie vir sy geloof gely het. Blykbaar het sy ywer vir die Protestantse geloof tot gevolg gehad dat hy deur die Jesuïete vervolg is, en daar is selfs sprake van 'n moordkomplot teen hom. Trek van Gent na Sas van Gent in 1686.

Daarna trek hulle na Middelburg. Vertrek op 29 Jan 1688 met die Oosterlandt na die Kaap. Saam met Jacques was sy tweede vrou Marie Madeleine de KLERK (le CLERQ), twee van sy dogters uit sy eerste huwelik, Margaretha 17 jaar en Barbe-Therese 15 jaar, baba Jacques 9 maande en skoonma Antonette Carnoy. Hy bring ook die 3 Nourtier-broers saam as sy knegte. Hulle arriveer op 25 April 1688.

In die Kaap kry hy die plaas Vrede-en-Lust in Drakenstein. Hy was 'n slawe-eienaar, heemraad en selfs Kaptein van die Drakenstein-militia. Ouderling in die kerk.

Jacques se geldsake wou steeds nie vlot verloop nie. Hy was in die skuld by die V.O.C. en ander, o.a. dominee Pierre Simond en was bekend daarvoor dat hy "traag was om rekeninge flink te vereffen". Desnieteenstaande beskryf ds. François Simond van die Gereformeerde Kerk in Flaandere hom as 'n eerlike man met baie ywer vir sy geloof, en verklaar "sy lewe is 'n waardige voorbeeld van reinheid en heiligheid in soverre dit moontlik was in die plek waar hy hom bevind het, waar afgodery hoogty gevier het." Ook goewerneur Van der Stel skryf in 'n brief aan die Kamer van Delft oor hom: "Jacques de Savoye en sy gesin is 'n voorbeeld van ywer vir al die vlugtelinge en uitgewekenes, en dat hy as Heemraad aangewys is n.a.v. sy vaardighede."

Interesant genoeg was hy later aktief in die Vryburgers se stryd teen goewerneur W.A. van der Stel, en is vir 'n tydperk in die Kasteel toegesluit. Hy word beskryf as 'n opvlieënde man, wat maklik aanstoot geneem het. Hy verhuis met sy vrou en haar ma terug na Nederland in 1712 as afslagtarief-dekpassassiers op die Samson.

Hy laat in die Kaap 3 getroude dogters en een seun, waarskynlik Philippe Rudolph, agter. Lg. het sonder erfgenaam gesterf. Dit is bekend dat Jacques by die Walloonse kerk in Amsterdam aangesluit het in 1714. Tog keer hy weer terug na die Kaap in 1716. Daar sterf hy op die rype ouderdom van 81 en is begrawe in Oktober 1717. Christine du Pont sterf 1686. Sy het 5 kinders gehad.

Die tweede vrou Le Clercq sterwe c1721

KINDERS

  • b1 Jeanne * Ath c.1667 x Andre DU PONT
  • b2 Jacques gedoop Gent Jun 1667
  • b3 Julienne-Louise *Gent 16 Mei 1671
  • b4 Marguerite-Therese *Gent 4 Sept 1672, x Christoffel SNYMAN, xx Henning VILJOEN.
  • b5 Barbe-Therese * Gent 20 Mei 1674, x Christian EILERS, xx Elias KINA.
  • b6 Chretien *Gent 27 Jun 1676
  • b7 Suzanne *Gent 27 Jan 1678
  • Tweede Huwelik
  • b8 Jacues gedoop Middelburg 12 April 168
  • b9 Aletta ~ Kaapstad 17 Jul 1689 x Pierre Meyer
  • b10 Philippe-Rudolphe ~Drak 28 Aug 1694, + c1741, ongetroud, amptenaar VOC

Sterfdatums van kinders Julienne Louise + Gent Mei 1671, twee weke oud en Chretien # Gent 30 Sept 1676. Bron Boucher " French speakers at the Cape" pp. 265-267. Hy gee die doopname volgens Franse spelwyse uit registers van die St. Jacobs-kerk in Gent. Sien ook "Hugenotebloed in ons Are" pp. 19 & 20.

SAG 11 p 505 SNYMAN, Christoffel SNYMAN x MT DE SAVOYE,... uit Gent (ipv Aeth), d.v. J. DE S. en Christine DU PONT v Ath.

Bronne:

Saamgestel deur: Ekstra inligting van Jean le Roux

From http://www.genealogyworld.net/ellen/NotesonHuguenotFamilies.htm

"DE SAVOYE; Jacques, of Ath; Marie Madeleine LE CLERC, his wife, of Tournay; and their three children:--Margot (or Marguerite), 17 years old, Barbere, 15 years, and Jacques, 9 months old, together with Antoinette CARNOY, DE SAVOYE’S mother-in-law, sailed in the Oosterland from Middelburg on 29th Jan. 1688. In a despatch from the Chamber of Rotterdam dated 24th Dec. 1687, special mention is made of Jacques DE SAVOYE in the following terms:--


‘By this opportunity there will proceed to the Cape to settle there as a Colonist one Jacques SAVOYE and his wife. He has been ‘under the cross’ (persecuted), and for many years an eminent merchant at Ghent in Flanders; where he has been persecuted by the Jesuits to such an extent, and where even his life was being threatened, that in order to escape from their snares, and peacefully end his days beyond their reach, he has resolved to cross the ocean as a Colonist and to take with him various Flemish farmers of the reformed religion, who have also suffered persecution, and for the same reason as that of SAVOYE leave their Fatherland. And because we know SAVOYE as we have described him, we most willingly recommend him to your notice and request you to lend him a helping hand, and consider him in the light in which we have introduced him, hoping that for the furtherance of the intentions of the Lords Seventeen he will be an able and desirable instrument.’ (Rambles through the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope, by H. C. V. Leibbrandt, 1887.)


Jacques DE SAVOYE ‘with wife and two children’ were among those who did not need any assistance from the Relief Fund 1690; and ‘with wife and three children’ among the Draenstein inhabitants 1692. he left no sons. His daughter Marguerite married before 1690, (1) Christoffel SNYMAN (descendants still living) and (2) Henning VILLION, son of Francois VILLION (or FIGNON) of Clermont. Barbere married (1) Christiaan ELERS (no descendants), and (2) Elias KIENA (no descendants). Aletta DE SAVOYE married Pieter MEYER, presumably Pierre MEYER the refugee."

Jaques De Savoye

Jaques De Savoye was born in Ath, Belgium around 1636 and died in the Cape in October, 1717. He was a merchant and Cape free burgher and was the son of Jacques de Savoye and his wife, Jeanne van der Zee (Delamere, Desuslamer).

Jacques was a wealthy merchant in Ghent, Belgium, but his devotion to the Protestant religion led to his persecution by the Jesuits, and there was even an attempt to murder him. In 1687 he moved to the Netherlands and left for the Cape in the Oosterland on 29th January 1688. In addition to his wife, mother-in-law and three of his children, he was accompanied by the brothers Jean, Jacob and Daniel Nortier.

De Savoye soon became a leader among the French community at the Cape: he was one of the deputation which, on 28th November 1689, asked the Governor and Council of Policy for a separate congregation for the French refugees, and the following year he helped to administer the funds donated to the French refugees by the charity board of the church of Batavia. At various times he also served on the college of landdros and heemraden .

To begin with, Jacques farmed at Vrede-en-Lust at Simondium and in 1699 was also given Leeuwenvallei in the Wagenmakersvallei ( Wellington ), but settled at the Cape soon afterwards. He apparently experienced financial difficulties since in 1701 he owed the Cape church council 816 guilders and various people sued him for outstanding debts. In 1712 he described himself as being without means.

In March 1712 he left for the Netherlands in the Samson, accompanied by his wife and mother-in-law. He enrolled as a member of the Walloon congregation in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on 16th December 1714, but only four months later, on 20th April 1715, it was reported that he had returned to the Cape. There is, however no documentary proof of his presence neither at the Cape neither after 1715, nor in C.G. Botha's assertion that he died in October 1717.

De Savoye often clashed with other people. During the struggle of the free burghers against Wilhem Adriaen van der Stel, he was strongly opposed to the Governor and was imprisoned in the Castle for a time. He was also involved in a long-drawn-out dispute with the Rev. Pierre Simond, and he and Hercules des Pré went to court on several occasions to settle their differences.

He was married twice: first to Christiana du Pont and then to Marie Madeleine le Clercq of Tournai, Belgium, daughter of Philippe le Clercq and his wife, Antoinette Carnoy. Five children were born of the first marriage and three of the second. Three married daughters and a son remained behind at the Cape, as well as a son who was a junior merchant in the service of the V.O.C. and who died without leaving an heir.

Concerning the de Savoye family, it can be noted that while the connection between Jacques de Savoye and his daughter, Marguerite (Margarethe or Margo), and the Dukes of Savoy has not been traced, Jacques was originally a subject of the King of France, and as such would only have used a surname incorporating the aristocratic prefix de if he actually belonged to an aristocratic family.

It can safely be inferred that he was in fact descended from the family of the dukes.

What is known about Jacques is that he lived a the French town called Aeth, and that in 1687 he was living in Ghent, in Flanders. He was a Huguenot merchant known for his zealous defence of his beliefs and for inviting itinerant Protestant pastors to conduct services in his house. For this he earned the hostility of his Catholic neighbours and was pursued by the Jesuits. (The Edict of Nantes was repealed in 1685, and it is likely that he fled France at this time.) At least one attempt was made on his life.

His first wife, Christine du Pont, bore him nine children, of whom six survived to adulthood. Following her death in 1686, Jacques went to live in Sas van Ghent, just across the Dutch border in Zeeland.

While in Sas van Ghent in 1686-87 he married Marie-Madeleine le Clerq from Tournai, in Hainault. They moved from Sas van Gent to Middelburg, where he immediately made plans to join a party of settlers heading for the Cape of Good Hope.

The House of Savoy can be traced back to Humbert I the Whitehanded, probably of Burgundian origin, who in the mid-11th century AD was effectively lord of the area incorporated into France in 1860 as the départements of Savoie and Haute-Savoie, as well as other districts along the Rhône south of Lake Geneva.

This feudal lordship became a county, and afterwards (as the authority of the Holy Roman Emperor diminished) was elevated to a duchy.

The Encyclopædia Britannica notes: “Among the most notable counts of Savoy were Amadeus VII (ruled 1383-91), under whom the port of Nice was acquired, and Amadeus VII (ruled 1391-40), under whom Piedmont (capital Turin), on the Italian side of the Alps, was definitely incorporated (after having belonged for nearly two centuries to a branch of the house) and to whom the title of duke was granted in 1416.”

The Kings of France coveted the district because it controlled strategic routes into Italy, but although it was captured several times by French forces, the ducal house managed to recover it each time.

For a time the family claimed royal status through inheriting the title King of Cyprus (a Crusader title which became practically ineffective when Turkey seized the island).

Victor Amadeus II (ruled 1675-1730) attained actual royal status as ruler of Sicily, which he exchanged in 1720 for Sardinia.

King Victor Emmanuel I (ruled 1802-21) added the province of Liguria, including the port city of Genoa, to the family’s holdings in 1815, and so held a solid bloc of territory from the Ligurian Sea to Switzerland (in addition to Sardinia). This was the platform from which the dynasty launched its ambition to unite Italy under a Savoyard crown, which eventually succeeded in 1861.

The arms of the Dukes of Savoy were a silver (or white) cross on red. When the family ruled Italy, the royal arms showed the cross within a blue border – these arms appeared on the white panel of the green-white-red flag of Italy from 1848 to 1946.

--------------------

Jacques de SAVOYE (Savoije) gebore 1636, Aeth, Hainaut (Vlaandere). Hy trou 4 Julie 1657 met Christine du PONT, sy was van Ath. Hy trou die tweede maal in 1686 met Marie Madeleine de KLERK (le CLERCQ) sy was van Doornik. Jacques sterwe Oktober 1717. Hy word ook beskryf as 'n oortuigde Calvinis, wat baie vir sy geloof gely het. Blykbaar het sy ywer vir die Protestantse geloof tot gevolg gehad dat hy deur die Jesuïete vervolg is, en daar is selfs sprake van 'n moordkomplot teen hom. Trek van Gent na Sas van Gent in 1686.

Daarna trek hulle na Middelberg. Vertrek op 29 Jan 1688 met die Oosterlandt na die Kaap. Saam met Jacques was sy tweede vrou Marie Madeleine de KLERK (le CLERQ), twee van sy dogters uit sy eerste huwelik, Margaretha 17 jaar en Barbe-Therese 15 jaar, baba Jacques 9 maande en skoonma Antonette Carnoy. Hy bring ook die 3 Nourtier-broers saam as sy knegte. Hulle arriveer op 25 April 1688.

In die Kaap kry hy die plaas Vrede-en-Lust in Drakenstein. Hy was 'n slawe-eienaar, heemraad en selfs Kaptein van die Drakenstein-militia. Ouderling in die kerk.

Jacques se geldsake wou steeds nie vlot verloop nie. Hy was in die skuld by die V.O.C. en ander, o.a. dominee Pierre Simond en was bekend daarvoor dat hy "traag was om rekeninge flink te vereffen". Desnieteenstaande beskryf ds. François Simond van die Gereformeerde Kerk in Flaandere hom as 'n eerlike man met baie ywer vir sy geloof, en verklaar "sy lewe is 'n waardige voorbeeld van reinheid en heiligheid in soverre dit moontlik was in die plek waar hy hom bevind het, waar afgodery hoogty gevier het." Ook goewerneur Van der Stel skryf in 'n brief aan die Kamer van Delft oor hom: "Jacques de Savoye en sy gesin is 'n voorbeeld van ywer vir al die vlugtelinge en uitgewekenes, en dat hy as Heemraad aangewys is n.a.v. sy vaardighede."

Interesant genoeg was hy later aktief in die Vryburgers se stryd teen goewerneur W.A. van der Stel, en is vir 'n tydperk in die Kasteel toegesluit. Hy word beskryf as 'n opvlieënde man, wat maklik aanstoot geneem het. Hy verhuis met sy vrou en haar ma terug na Nederland in 1712 as afslagtarief-dekpassassiers op die Samson.

Hy laat in die Kaap 3 getroude dogters en een seun, waarskynlik Philippe Rudolph, agter. Lg. het sonder erfgenaam gesterf. Dit is bekend dat Jacques by die Walloonse kerk in Amsterdam aangesluit het in 1714. Tog keer hy weer terug na die Kaap in 1716. Daar sterf hy op die rype ouderdom van 81 en is begrawe in Oktober 1717. Christine du Pont sterf 1686. Sy het 5 kinders gehad.

Die tweede vrou Le Clercq sterwe c1721

KINDERS

b1 Jeanne * Ath c.1667 x Andre DU PONT

b2 Jacques gedoop Gent Jun 1667

b3 Julienne-Louise *Gent 16 Mei 1671

b4 Marguerite-Therese *Gent 4 Sept 1672, x Christoffel SNYMAN, xx Henning VILJOEN.

b5 Barbe-Therese * Gent 20 Mei 1674, x Christian EILERS, xx Elias KINA.

b6 Chretien *Gent 27 Jun 1676

b7 Suzanne *Gent 27 Jan 1678

Tweede Huwelik

b8 Jacues gedoop Middelburg 12 April 168

b9 Aletta ~ Kaapstad 17 Jul 1689 x Pierre Meyer

b10 Philippe-Rudolphe ~Drak 28 Aug 1694, + c1741, ongetroud, amptenaar VOC

Sterfdatums van kinders

Julienne Louise + Gent Mei 1671, twee weke oud en Chretien # Gent 30 Sept 1676. Bron Boucher " French speakers at the Cape" pp. 265-267. Hy gee die doopname volgens Franse spelwyse uit registers van die St. Jacobs-kerk in Gent. Sien ook "Hugenotebloed in ons Are" pp. 19 & 20.

SAG 11 p 505 SNYMAN,

Christoffel SNYMAN x MT DE SAVOYE,... uit Gent (ipv Aeth), d.v. J. DE S. en Christine DU PONT v Ath.

Bronne:

Saamgestel deur:

Ekstra inligting van Jean le Roux

--------------------

Jaques de Savoye is in Aeth, Hainaut (Vlaandere) gebore. Hy was 'n sakeman daar, en het goed gedoen. Verhuis na Gent in 1667. Hy was bekend as ietwat van 'n dweper, en het die redelik verdraagsame owerhede in Gent geïrriteer. Hy word ook beskryf as 'n oortuigde Calvinis, wat baie vir sy geloof gely het. Blykbaar het sy ywer vir die Protestantse geloof tot gevolg gehad dat hy deur die Jesuïete vervolg is, en daar is selfs sprake van 'n moordkomplot teen hom. Trek van Gent na Sas van Gent in 1686. (Daar is later in die Kaap geskinder dat dit was omdat hy in Gent bankrot gespeel het. Hy het die plek verlaat omtrent dieselfde tydstip dat sy skoonseun (moontlik sy vennoot) bankrot gespeel het en na Leiden vertrek het). Jacques se broer Jean de Savoye het ook in Leiden gewoon. Daarna trek hulle na Middelberg.

Vertrek op 29 Jan 1688 met die "Oosterlandt" na die Kaap. Saam met Jacques was sy tweede vrou Marie Madeleine, twee van sy dogters uit sy eerste huwelik, Margaretha (17 jaar) en Barbe-Therese (15 jaar), baba Jacques (9 maande) en skoonma Antonette Carnoy. Hy bring ook die 3 Nourtier-broers saam as sy knegte. Hulle arriveer op 25 Apr 1688. In die Kaap was hy 'n boer (hy het die plaas Vrede-en-Lust in Drakenstein besit), 'n slawe-eienaar, heemraad en selfs Kaptein van die Drakenstein-militia. Ouderling in die kerk.

Jacques se geldsake wou steeds nie vlot verloop nie. Hy was in die skuld by die V.O.C. en ander, o.a. dominee Pierre Simond en was bekend daarvoor dat hy "traag was om rekeninge flink te vereffen". Desnieteenstaande beskryf ds. François Simond van die Gereformeerde Kerk in Flaandere hom as 'n eerlike man met baie ywer vir sy geloof, en verklaar "sy lewe is 'n waardige voorbeeld van reinheid en heiligheid in soverre dit moontlik was in die plek waar hy hom bevind het, waar afgodery hoogty gevier het." Ook goewerneur Van der Stel skryf in 'n brief aan die Kamer van Delft oor hom: "Jacques de Savoye en sy gesin is 'n voorbeeld van ywer vir al die vlugtelinge en uitgewekenes, en dat hy as Heemraad aangewys is n.a.v. sy vaardighede." Interesant genoeg was hy later aktief in die Vryburgers se stryd teen goewerneur W.A. van der Stel, en is vir 'n tydperk in die Kasteel toegesluit. Hy word beskryf as 'n opvlieënde man, wat maklik aanstoot geneem het. Hy het die plaas "Vrede en Lust" in Drakenstein besit.

Verhuis met sy vrou en haar ma terug na Nederland in 1712 as afslagtarief-dekpassassiers op die Samson. (Hy moes waarskynlik sy hele fortuin verloor het). Hy laat in die Kaap 3 getroude dogters en een seun, waarskynlik Philippe Rudolph, agter. Lg. het sonder erfgenaam gesterf. Dit is bekend dat Jacques by die Walloonse kerk in Amsterdam aangesluit het in 1714. Tog keer hy weer terug na die Kaap in 1716. Daar sterf hy op die rype ouderdom van 81 en is begrawe in Oktober 1717.

--------------------

Jaques De Savoye (Jonnie Wahl's 7 times great grandfather on his maternal side) was born in Ath, Belgium around 1636 and died in the Cape in October, 1717. He was a merchant and Cape free burgher and was the son of Jacques de Savoye and his wife, Jeanne van der Zee (Delamere, Desuslamer).

Jacques was a wealthy merchant in Ghent, Belgium, but his devotion to the Protestant religion led to his persecution by the Jesuits, and there was even an attempt to murder him. In 1687 he moved to the Netherlands and left for the Cape in the Oosterland on 29th January 1688. In addition to his wife, mother-in-law and three of his children, he was accompanied by the brothers Jean, Jacob and Daniel Nortier.

De Savoye soon became a leader among the French community at the Cape: he was one of the deputation which, on 28th November 1689, asked the Governor and Council of Policy for a separate congregation for the French refugees, and the following year he helped to administer the funds donated to the French refugees by the charity board of the church of Batavia. At various times he also served on the college of landdros and heemraden .

To begin with, Jacques farmed at Vrede-en-Lust at Simondium and in 1699 was also given Leeuwenvallei in the Wagenmakersvallei ( Wellington ), but settled at the Cape soon afterwards. He apparently experienced financial difficulties since in 1701 he owed the Cape church council 816 guilders and various people sued him for outstanding debts. In 1712 he described himself as being without means.

In March 1712 he left for the Netherlands in the Samson, accompanied by his wife and mother-in-law. He enrolled as a member of the Walloon congregation in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on 16th December 1714, but only four months later, on 20th April 1715, it was reported that he had returned to the Cape. There is, however no documentary proof of his presence neither at the Cape neither after 1715, nor in C.G. Botha's assertion that he died in October 1717.

De Savoye often clashed with other people. During the struggle of the free burghers against Wilhem Adriaen van der Stel, he was strongly opposed to the Governor and was imprisoned in the Castle for a time. He was also involved in a long-drawn-out dispute with the Rev. Pierre Simond, and he and Hercules des Pré went to court on several occasions to settle their differences.

He was married twice: first to Christiana du Pont and then to Marie Madeleine le Clercq of Tournai, Belgium, daughter of Philippe le Clercq and his wife, Antoinette Carnoy. Five children were born of the first marriage and three of the second. Three married daughters and a son remained behind at the Cape, as well as a son who was a junior merchant in the service of the V.O.C. and who died without leaving an heir.

Jaques de Savoye is in Aeth, Hainaut (Vlaandere) gebore. Hy was een of ander sakeman daar, en het goed gedoen. Verhuis na Gent in 1667. Hy was bekend as ietwat van 'n dweper, en het die redelik verdraagsame owerhede in Gent geïrriteer. Hy word ook

beskryf as 'n oortuigde Calvinis, wat baie vir sy geloof gely het. Blykbaar het sy ywer vir die Protestantse geloof tot gevolg gehad dat hy deur die Jesuïete vervolg is, en daar is selfs sprake van 'n moordkomplot teen hom. Trek van Gent na Sas van

Gent in 1686. (Daar is later in die Kaap geskinder dat dit was omdat hy in Gent bankrot gespeel het. Hy het die plek verlaat omtrent dieselfde tydstip dat sy skoonseun (moontlik sy vennoot) bankrot gespeel het en na Leiden vertrek het). Jacques se

broer Jean de Savoye het ook in Leiden gewoon. Daarna trek hulle na Middelberg.

Vertrek op 29 Jan 1688 met die "Oosterlandt" na die Kaap. Saam met Jacques was sy tweede vrou Marie Madeleine, twee van sy dogters uit sy eerste huwelik, Margaretha (17 jaar) en Barbe-Therese (15 jaar), baba Jacques (9 maande) en skoonma Antonette

Carnoy. Hy bring ook die 3 Nourtier-broers saam as sy knegte. Hulle arriveer op 25 Apr 1688. In die Kaap was hy 'n boer (hy het die plaas Vrede-en-Lust in Drakenstein besit), 'n slawe-eienaar, heemraad en selfs Kaptein van die Drakenstein-militia.

Ouderling in die kerk.

Jacques se geldsake wou steeds nie vlot verloop nie. Hy was in die skuld by die V.O.C. en ander, o.a. dominee Pierre Simond en was bekend daarvoor dat hy "traag was om rekeninge flink te vereffen". DECnieteenstaande beskryf ds. François Simond van die

Gereformeerde Kerk in Flaandere hom as 'n eerlike man met baie ywer vir sy geloof, en verklaar "sy lewe is 'n waardige voorbeeld van reinheid en heiligheid in soverre dit moontlik was in die plek waar hy hom bevind het, waar afgodery hoogty gevier

het." Ook goewerneur Van der Stel skryf in 'n brief aan die Kamer van Delft oor hom: "Jacques de Savoye en sy gesin is 'n voorbeeld van ywer vir al die vlugtelinge en uitgewekenes, en dat hy as Heemraad aangewys is n.a.v. sy vaardighede." Interesant

genoeg was hy later aktief in die Vryburgers se stryd teen goewerneur W.A. van der Stel, en is vir 'n tydperk in die Kasteel toegesluit. Hy word beskryf as 'n opvlieënde man, wat maklik aanstoot geneem het. Hy het die plaas "Vrede en Lust" in

Drakenstein besit.

Verhuis met sy vrou en haar ma terug na Nederland in 1712 as afslagtarief-dekpassassiers op die Samson. (Hy moes waarskynlik sy hele fortuin verloor het). Hy laat in die Kaap 3 getroude dogters en een seun, waarskynlik Philippe Rudolph, agter. Lg. het

sonder erfgenaam gesterf. Dit is bekend dat Jacques by die Walloonse kerk in Amsterdam aangesluit het in 1714. Tog keer hy weer terug na die Kaap in 1716. Daar sterf hy op die rype ouderdom van 81 en is begrawe in OCTober 1717.

Bron: http://www.mypeoplepuzzle.co.za/cornel_viljoen_research/2510.htm

Ships Passenger List for Huguenot Ship Oosterlandt to South Africa 1688

Oosterland - 3rd ship to leave Netherlands, 160 feet long, could carry 275 passeners. Left Goeree February 3, 1688, no deaths on board and nobody sick when the ship arrived in Table Bay, 2 months & 22 days, arrived Table Bay April 25, 1688.

Jean De Bus of Marck, Calais

Jacques Therond

Jacques de Savoye from Aeth

Marie-Madelaine Le Clerk de Savoye from Doornik (Tournai) France

Antoinette Carnoy from Doornik

Margo de Savoye - 17

Barbere De Savoye - 15

Jacques de Savoye - 9 months

Jean Nortie (servant of Jacques de Savoye), farmer

Jacques Nortie ( " " " " ), farmer

Daniel Nortie ( " " " " ), peasant carpenter

Marie Vitout Nortie

Jean Prieur du Plessis, doctor from Poitiers

Magdalena Menanto (Menanteau) du Plessis from Poitiers

Charles du Plessis (born aboard ship)

Isaack Taillefert from Chateau-Thierry in Brie, wine farmer &

milliner

Susanna Briet Taillefert from Chateau-Thierry

Elyasbet Taillefert - 14

Jean Taillefert - 12

Isaack Taillefert - 7

Pierre Tillefert - 5

Susanna Taillefert - 2 1/2

Maria Taillefert - 1

Sara Avice from Chateaudun

Jan Cloudon from Conde

Jan de Bruisji, farmer from Calais

Jan Parisel, farmer from Paris

24 Huguenots

-------------------- Ath, provinsie Henegouwe in Spaanse Nederlande =29.01.1636 †1717 : 2de s.v. Julien de Savoye en Jeanne Dureau/Dureau; vlug 1667 na Franse verowering van Ath na Gent in Vlaandere; uitgesproke Calvinis; verhuis 1686 as wewenaar na Sas van Gent in Zeeland. In 1687 gaan hy en gesin na Middelburg, Zeeland, en in 1688 op die skip Oosterland na die Kaap; een van die afvaardiging van 5 Hugenote wat op 28 November 1689 onder leiding van Pierre Simond vir goewerneur Simon van der Stel besoek het om 'n eie gemeente en kerkraad vir die Hugenote te versoek

______________

'Jeanne DUREAU(DURIEAU)

Christened 30 May 1611 Aeth, Hainant, België

Father Jacques DUREAU(DURIEAU),

Mother Marie GHERSOUILLE,

Family

Spouse - Julien DE SAVOYE, c. 26 Oct 1602, Ath, Province Henegouwe In Spanish Netherlands ,

Married 23 Sep 1631 Aeth, Hainant, België

Children

  • Jacques DE SAVOYE, b. 1610, Aeth, France ,
  • Jacques DE SAVOYE, progenitor, b. 1636, Aeth, Hainant, France , d. 8 Oct 1717, Cape Town, Cape, South Africa
  • Gillette DE SAVOYE, c. 5 Feb 1633, Aeth, Hainant, België ,
  • Jean DE SAVOYE, c. 22 Apr 1646, Aeth, Hainant, België , d. 5 Jan 1692, Leiden, Zuid Holland, Nederland

http://www.greeff.info/tng01/getperson.php?personID=I59908&tree=PedigrFAGreeffEsagi

Sources [S360] Erasmussa.ged.

[S656] de Wet File.

[S245] Email to GenForum - Afrikaans genealogy list., June Malherbe 23.4.2003 (Reliability: 3).

[S361] GenForum Gespreksgroep.

[S62] B J Vorster.ged.

[S213] Hugenote Gedenkmuseum, Mev Alet Malan en Juna Malherbe, Juna Malherbe se e-pos (Reliability: 3).

[S315] C R Swart.ged.

[S245] Email to GenForum - Afrikaans genealogy list., Juna Malherbe 25.4.2003 (Reliability: 3).

[S483] de Wet File ABBR de Wet File.

[S479] Stamboom 7 Junie 2008.paf.

_____________

-------------------- Emigration: 29 Jan 1688 Middelburg, , Zeeland, Netherlands on the ship "Oosterlandt" Source: My People's Puzzle -------------------- The owners of Vrede en Lust farm - 1688 - 1702 JACQUES DE SAVOYE AND MARIE-MADELEINE LE CLERCQ 1702 CHRISTIAAN EHLERS AND BARBÈRE DE SAVOYE 1702 – 1728

(https://www.vnl.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/The-History-of-Vrede-En-Lust.pdf )

1688 - 1702 JACQUES DE SAVOYE AND MARIE-MADELEINE LE CLERCQ The story of Vrede & Lust starts in 1686. In Flanders, 50-year-old Jacques de Savoye is being persecuted by religious fanatics, he has just lost the wife who endured labour nine times to provide him with heirs, and his textile trading business in Ghent is ruined. De Savoye relocates to nearby Middelburg in Zealand and when the widower meets and marries 26-year-old Marie-Madeleine le Clercq, life is looking up. The newlyweds decide to make a clean break when the opportunity arises to join the exodus to the Cape. Ever since the Jesuit assassination attempt in retaliation against De Savoye’s hosting of Reformed services in his home, he has felt as threatened as the French Huguenots. The travelling party includes De Savoye’s mother-in-law, Anthonette Carnoij, two children from his first marriage, Margo (17) and Barbère (15), the new baby, Jacques (9 months), plus three servants, the Nortier brothers, Jean, Jacob and Daniel. The latter, a carpenter, will be accompanied by his wife, Maria Vijtou. To smooth his way in the new country, De Savoye sets about obtaining letters of commendation, which refer to De Savoye as well as his servants as eminent people: “his [DeSavoye’s] life seemed a worthy example of purity and holiness, in an environment where idolatry reigned supreme and such a lifestyle was almost impossible”. The 160-foot Oosterland, captained by Carel van Marseveen, departs from Middelburg on January 29, 1688. Amongst the European passengers are the families of Jean Prieur du Plessis and Isaac Taillefert and the soldier Jacques Therond. After 70 days, the immigrants arrive in Table Bay on April 26, a fine day. Instead of having to divert to Saldanha, the Oosterland anchors and the passengers are ferried ashore by rowing boat. Their first impressions of the awesome mountain are counterbalanced by the diminutive size of the settlement. They have arrived on a new continent, to start a new life. Some will adapt and survive, others not. Madeleine du Plessis will last five years before returning to Europe. The Tailleferts will lose two children within the year. In De Savoye family records, there is mention of a second child, Jacquette, but because one does not read about her in later documents, she may have been born at sea and died during the southbound journey. Undeterred, the resolute Savoyes, as can be predicted from their colourful past, now embark on a most wondrous adventure. A farm in Africa The scene shifts to Drakenstein, the furthest outpost of the Cape colony, still sparsely populated with only 23 Dutch freeburghers having settled there the year before. The valley is majestically beautiful, though quite rugged, with dense forests, game, notably lion and tiger, and nomadic Khoi (Hottentot). The pioneers live in simple clay and reed homes. Nothing in De Savoye’s earlier career suggests that agricultural pursuits such as ploughing, planting, building and raising livestock would attract the merchant, but he now becomes the owner of a magnificent piece of property against the foothills of the Napoleonsberg (today known as Simonsberg). He calls his farm Vrede en Lust (Peace and Delight), nurturing visions of a rural paradise where he can spend his last days. Although the land becomes his full and free property with immediate effect, he only receives the title deed to the 120 morgen 1 six years later, on 15 April 1694. It is then signed and issued by Simon van der Stel, Council Extraordinary of India and Governor of the United Netherlands Chartered East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope 2 , on condition that De Savoye regularly replace trees felled on his farm with young oak trees or other afforestation, and supply the Honourable Company with one tenth of his annual wheat crop. 3 As a novice farmer, De Savoye prospers, unlike most of the Huguenots, who complain so much about stony and marshy soil that they qualify for handouts from Batavia. Even though he runs up far more debt for initial supplies than any of the other newcomers, he makes a concerted effort to pay back his dues. In 1688 he owes 783 florins, the following year only 144 florins.1 The Rhineland measure was usually adopted in surveying land. It was approximately three times the size of the equivalent Dutch measure. 2 The seal of the VOC used on documents at the Cape was a representation of the ship Dromedaris in which Van Riebeeck voyaged to the Cape. 3 Translation of the original title deed of Vreede en Lust, a farm in the District of Drakenstein, April 1694. Granted in 1688 to the Huguenot Jacobus de Savoijen. “We Simon van der Stel, Councillor Extraordinary of India, Governor under the United Netherlands Chartered East Indies Company at the Cape of Good Hope, the Island Mauritius and the territory thereabouts, and We, the Councillors, herewith make known “That in the year 1688 was granted, ceded and given to the Free Agriculturist and Heemraad Jacobus de Savoye in full and free ownership and is granted, ceded and given to him by these, certain piece of land named Vrede en Lust, situated in Drakestein, extending W.S.W. upwards to the Simonsberg and E.N.E. downwards to the properties of Roelof van Wijk and Hendrik Eekhof, S.S.E. to that of Charl Mare and N.N.W. to that of Daniel Noodje, measuring in length AB and CD six hundred, in breadth AD and BC one hundred and twenty roods, altogether in extent measuring 120 morgen Rhineland measure as indicated by the above figure ABCD by the Surveyor; with full power and authority to plow, sow, cultivate, afforestate, to possess in full ownership, to administer and thereafter should he so desire to sell the said land, to hire it out or to alienate it in any manner whatsoever, in accordance with such laws as may be in force in this Government; and he shall continue to be responsible for and to construct beside his cornfields, a common wagon road for the use and convenience of himself as well as for the other settlers; and also a ford across the river the same width as the road; and further he shall be responsible to replace from time to time the trees chopped down on his farm with young oaks or other timber; and over and above all this, he shall be liable to bring in yearly to the Governor of the Honourable Company a tithe of his grain crop, under penalty that should he fail to carry out promptly these conditions, or should he not plant and cultivate the land in accordance with the laws proclaimed, the authorities shall be free to take the said land from him for the benefit of and to remain under the control of the Government; and he shall be liable to such taxes and perform such public duties as are laid down by the Government here, or as may be imposed in the future for the benefit of the Honourable Company and for the welfare of the Colony. “Thus granted and given in the Castle of Good Hope “15 April Anno 1694 S. v.d. Stel “SEAL “By Order of the Hon. Governor and Councillors J.G. De Grevenbroek. Secretary.”

De Savoye contributes greatly to the development of the Drakenstein valley. On 4 January 1689 he is elected Heemraad (Magistrate) because of his efficiency and knowledge of the Dutch and French languages, as well as his comprehension of the Portuguese spoken in the Indies. Van der Stel writes to the Delft Chamber, saying that De Savoye and family are an example for all the refugees and exiles. On 28 November 1689 De Savoye, together with the Reverend Pierre Simond and three other Huguenots, requests that the French farms be spaced closer together so that a church council can be nominated. Two thirds of the community are unable to follow a Dutch sermon, and living one, two or even three hours on horseback from each other, the new farmers struggle to learn the Dutch language. Despite Van der Stel’s indignation, the request is forwarded to the Netherlands and the Here XVII of the Dutch East India Company comply. Two years later De Savoye finally becomes a member of the first French church council comprising four elders and five deacons. By 1692 De Savoye is running a successful mixed farming enterprise. Bar one, he produces the most wheat and barley of all the burghers. He owns four horses, 30 cattle, 10 000 vines and slaves such as Jan from Madagascar and Maria of Bengal. Carpenter Barent Jansz is engaged to build a proper house and when the two men later become involved in a dispute regarding remuneration, the Magistrate determines that De Savoye actually paid too much! Meanwhile, the Nortier brothers are doing extremely well for themselves, considering that most young men who came to the Cape were soldiers and sailors and, if they were lucky, farmhands. Daniel, the carpenter, is making money in his spare time doing woodwork. Soon he is ready to claim independence for him and his young family. He and Marie lost their first-born, Jacques, born shortly after their arrival, but a mere two years after arriving in the Drakenstein valley, Nortier becomes the brand new owner of the neighbouring farm La Motte. His brother, Jean, acquires the deed of grant to the adjacent farm Fredericksburg. The De Savoyes find it easy to adjust to the predominantly Dutch society at the Cape. Jacques is soon known to all as Jacobus, and the lady of the house, Marie-Madeleine, becomes Maria Magdalena. For Maria one feels a fair amount of admiration. She seems to be adapting well to her new circumstances, so far removed from European culture in every conceivable way, but she is astute and no stranger to hard work. Maria is in fact so capable that she holds power of attorney for Jacobus when in the Cape. For all intents and purposes, she is an active business partner, a no-nonsense type of woman, blessed with a lot of common sense, like her mother, who was destitute but emancipated. In The Hague, Anthonette Carnoij was often at the mercy of charity from the Walloon Church, but in the Cape she confidently engages in dealings with her church in Holland. The well-known De Savoyes are held in high esteem. When little Aletta is born a year after their arrival in the colony, Simon van der Stel acts as witness to the christening in Cape Town on 17 July 1689. Not long afterwards Jacobus’ eldest daughter, Margo (in her will, she writes her name as Margarita Theresia de Savoy) who married Christoffel Snyman, also spelt Cristoffle Cnayman, Senayment, Sceniemen, Seniman or Snijman, not long after the family’s arrival in the Cape, gives birth to the infant Catharina. Christoffel is the son of a free black called Antony from Bengal and Catharina of Palicatte. Far from the scandal one would imagine, interracial marriages between whites and freed slaves were not uncommon at the Cape and in the Stellenbosch and Drakenstein districts. For a man like Christoffel it was not unusual to integrate with the local community, both socially and economically. Nothing prevented him from owning a farm, as did Jonkershoek landholders Anthonie from Angola, Louis from Bengal and Jan from Ceylon.

Church controversy

De Savoye is a man of contrasts. He has a fiery temper and is quick to take offence, but is willing to share prosperity, as proven by his support of the Nortier brothers’ attempt at gaining their independence. Unfortunately, a number of incidents cloud De Savoye’s reputation in a small community that thrives on malicious gossip. Rumours that such a well-known and respected citizen as himself has been declared bankrupt in the Netherlands hurt him deeply, and although they are not unfounded, De Savoye feels that he has to clear his name. The Reverend Pierre Simond, for whom the hamlet Simondium was named, takes his position as shepherd very seriously and places De Savoye under censure. A bitter argument ensues and De Savoye is refused communion. Each of the two men has his supporters, thereby creating a rift in the tightly-knit community of Drakenstein. De Savoye approaches the Stellenbosch parish for membership and is accepted. In the interim, he writes to the Netherlands, accusing Simond of various wrongs, such as the intention of importing an oven which everyone else will be forced to use for baking bread, and the fact that Simond’s wife is selling all sorts of things! Moreover, he is upset that Simond demands one tenth of the parish income and opposes a church council so that he can rule like a pope or a bishop. Simond denies everything and in support of their minister, forty-eight of the French testify that they have nothing but praise for him and that the accusations are mere libel. The plot thickens when Christoffel Snyman, presents his baby for the christening with his father-in-law, De Savoye, as witness. Simond declares, in front of the entire congregation, that he will christen the child but cannot accept De Savoye. De Savoye, his wife and daughter then launch a vociferous attack in front of the pulpit. Not only do they insult Simond, they threaten to expel him into everlasting perdition. He is called a “tartufle” (hypocrite), a priest, a Jesuit, a Judas, a “caffre” (infidel), a false shepherd, and they promise that their influential friends will teach “ce beau petit Monsieur” (this pretty little chap) a lesson! Simond retaliates in the form of 37 written pages, in which he shows himself to be a master of rhetoric! The council nevertheless investigates Simond’s affairs and in retrospect, this was a spurious attack on officialdom. The combined church councils of the Cape, Stellenbosch and Drakenstein conclude that Simond should have accommodated De Savoye in his church and that the brothers should reconcile, expressing their dismay at the unforgiving nature of the French Calvinists who cannot control their disputes. In essence De Savoye remains a querulous character. He has a habit of becoming embroiled in court cases, often over mere trifles. On 26 February 1693 he takes Pieter Beuk to court over a handsaw. Shortly afterwards, it is Pieter Meyer’s turn to take his employer to court for not paying his wages in full. In 1694, Coert Helm and Daniel Bouvat sue him for the same reason. Several other court cases are noted, such as the maintenance of a drift, De Savoye being responsible for the upkeep of the road between his farm and Klapmuts. Governor Van der Stel even receives a letter from the Rotterdam Chamber concerning De Savoye’s crotchety temper. It reads: “[…] his nature can only be effectively altered and improved by time, kind intercourse, and treatment. This we readily entrust to your discretion.” Ironically, the first Huguenot church, little more than a barn, was probably located on land belonging to De Savoye, since the address of the church is “The French Huguenot Parish, Vredeen-Lust, Simonsberg”. One of the most impassioned advocates for the erection of a church, De Savoye acquires an annex of 60 morgen to the south of his farm and north of the Grootrivier, on 22 December 1694. Of this, 48 morgen are allocated to the Drakenstein parish. This eastern part of the annex is now known as Rust-en-Vrede and forms part of Plaisir de Merle. In 1695, De Savoye is elected one of the first officers when Stellenbosch establishes its own burgher military force and, his status reaffirmed, he proudly leads the company of foot soldiers. As a captain in the Drakenstein Infantry, serving until 1700, De Savoye attends annual military manoeuvres which include drilling and shooting at targets with flint-lock muskets loaded with loose powder. These manoeuvers are a popular social event with the burghers. That same year, a signal canon is erected on Simonsberg to tie in with the signalling system at Cabo, defence having become an important matter to the far-off community. When rumours suggest that the French may attack the Cape, the burgher unit, consisting of 100 inhabitants of Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, perform active duty every 14 days, reinforcing the Cape garrison on a relay base. In future they would be called up on a regular basis for duty at the Cape and in the interior, for example in 1715, when commando’s were mounted against the San who stole cattle.

Family matters The family’s living conditions probably consist of a tiny, flat-roofed structure. In all likelihood, the church building is probably De Savoye’s first attempt at building a house, since it is described as the “hut of one of our Frenchmen who has moved” (loge d’un de nos français qui a changé de place”). The traveller Valentyn describes it as a small, low building with walls not higher than three or four feet, made of clay with a flat thatch roof. 4 The first houses were all rudimentary, built with the most basic implements and dependent on the natural materials that are available – a mixture of clay and reeds, the bricks moulded roughly, dried in the sun and cemented with burnt limestone. Free burghers who did not find clay often built ‘hardbieshuise’, believed to be named after the hard reeds or ‘biesies’ used to build them. These huts were similar to the grass huts of the blacks further north, although larger and more commodious. Building homes took second place to establishing crops and livestock herds that would enable the burghers to repay the company for their land. 5 As early as 1658, fuel for the firing kilns had become so scarce at the Cape that the search for wood had extended to the settlements of the free burghers. The Company then prohibited the brick and lime makers from collecting the small bushes growing on the Cape flats, as the settlers used to for plaiting the walls of their huts. Meanwhile, Jacques and Maria are blessed with another child. Little Aletta is five when her brother is born. Philippe Rodolphe (spelt Rodolf in Dutch) is the first baby to be christened in the new Drakenstein church, according to the entry in the register, which dates from August 1694. With Jacques attending to judicial, religious and military matters, it is Maria who holds the fort, not only inside her little clay house, but also on the surrounding land, with the help of servants, mostly soldiers granted as contract workers. Two sons-in-law, Pieter Meyer and Christian Ehlers, are also occasional employees of the family. For the sake of his two sons, De Savoye acquires two more farms: in 1698, one at Simonsvlei, and soon thereafter the farm Kromme Rivier in Wagenmaker’s Valley, to the north of the current Wellington. In 1705, he purchases another farm in this vicinity. He applies for permission to hunt, like many farmers who thus provide for their families, and permission is granted to shoot eland and hartebees in the vicinity of Roodesand. The land is leased to other farmers, the first being Lanquedoc’s Jacques Therond, the soldier who was also on board the Oosterland when they first journeyed to the Cape, on condition that he build a house and kraal and plant 5 000 vines. De Savoye retains a third interest in the farm and never gains much profit from its operations. Although he appears to flourish, the opposite is true. His finances at the Cape have become just as precarious as they were in Europe. The turn of the century is not a very joyous occasion on Vrede en Lust. The inhabitants are no longer optimistic, merely stoic. The southernmost tip of Africa brought opportunity for De Savoye and his family, but life is difficult – in fact, it is one long struggle for survival. So much remains to be done, so much wilderness to be tamed. At heart De Savoye is a European gentleman, an entrepreneur, a businessman, not a farmer. It will take another century, and many more hardworking men, born to the land, before the farm is sufficiently developed to claim its rightful place amongst the thriving Cape wine estates. Barely a year into the new century, De Savoye gives up full scale farming. By 1701, the Company, to whom De Savoye is heavily indebted, insists on repayment of the loan. He raises some cash by selling Vrede en Lust to his son-in-law, Christiaan Ehlers, and accepts a mortgage bond for the balance of the sale price. This bond is immediately transferred to his old enemy Pierre Simond, possibly to cancel the debt for the house in Table Valley, on the corner of the present-day Burg and Castle Streets, which De Savoye buys when the 50-year-old Simond returns to Europe. At Cabo, De Savoye engages in a commercial venture dealing in agricultural produce, but fails to meet with great success. He buys skins and makes pants for sailors to earn extra pocket. Aged 70, having lost none of his fighting spirit, De Savoye also attempts to expose the corrupt government of Governor Willem Adriaen van der Stel and becomes a leading champion of the burgher cause. He is arrested in 1706, together with two of his sons-in-law, namely Pierre Meyer of Dauphine (Aletta’s husband) and Elias Kina (Barbe-Thérèse’s second husband). The dissidents are imprisoned in the infamous ‘Dark Hole’ in the Castle, which Adam Tas, the wellknown diarist, describes as the most putrid prison in the world, where usually only prisoners condemned to death spent their last days. When Pieter Meyer becomes ill, he relents in a (4 Kolbe, Naaukeurige en Uitvoerige Beschryving van De Kaap de Goede Hoop 5 Hartdegen, Paddy (1988). Our Building Heritage – An Illustrated History. Halfway House: Ryll’s Publishing Company. p 12) diplomatically worded statement, saying that he regrets all his wrongdoings, but De Savoye shows no fear and says he signed the petition because the Cape was going to the dogs. His only goal, he insists, is to prevent officials from owning property and allow the burghers free trade in cattle, grain and wine. On 12 February 1712 De Savoye applies for free passage back to the United Provinces for him, his wife and mother-in-law. This is not granted, but in view of their age and indigence, they pay half-fare as deck passengers on Cornelis de Geus’s ship the Samson. Why does De Savoye not ask for assistance from his three sons-in-law? Is he too proud, or are relations strained? The house in Table Valley is only sold in April 1713, the year of the small-pox epidemic, which means that those proceeds could not be used either. When De Savoye and his wife are admitted to membership of the Walloon Church in Amsterdam in 1714, with a Cape attestation, there is no mention of Anthonette Carnoij. She may have passed away in the course of the journey. Yet another major and unforeseen upheaval awaits the family. The next year, the couple’s son, Philippe Rodolphe, who had been sent to Europe as a young man for his education, returns to the Cape, taking passage on the Westerdijxhom as a soldier and subsequently joining the shore establishment, where he rises to the rank of junior merchant. With three daughters and numerous grandchildren also in the colony, the parents are induced to leave Holland once again and make the long journey back to the Cape, where they are admitted as members of the congregation on 16 March 1716. On 15 September of that year, Jacobus de Savoyen presents his son, then aged 22, for church membership. Philippe Rodolphe leads a respectable life as book-keeper and military paymaster, a member of the Orphan Board and the Marriage Board, a Cape deacon and cellar master of the East India Company in Cape Town. He is appointed to the latter position in 1721 and still occupies it at the time of his death in 1741, when the surname De Savoye dies out in South Africa. Jacques, the baby who accompanied his parents on their long south-bound voyage, never farms near Simonsvlei. The farm on the Kromme River was promised to his mother by Simon van der Stel in 1689 and held in trust for the minor, together with another property in the region, but his early death occurs some time before 1708. Margo becomes the founding mother of the Snymans in South Africa. The couple have nine children before Christoffel passed away and in 1707, the 36-year-old widow marries Henning Viljoen. The following year, her eldest, Catharina, marries Johannes Viljoen, the brother of her stepfather. The descendants of both Henning Viljoen and Johannes Viljoen are therefore also descendants of Jacobus de Savoye. Aletta, the first of the De Savoye children to be born on African soil, marries Pierre (Pieter) Meyer, a Huguenot from Dauphine, one of the original immigrants in 1688. One of Aletta’s sons, Philippe Rudolph Meyer, becomes deputy-merchant and cellar master of the Cape government. The Meyers have seven children and countless Meyers are also direct descendants of Jacques de Savoye. Two years after his return to Africa, in October 1717, Jacques de Savoye passes away – aged 81 and a pauper. His wife, Maria Magdalena, dies in May 1721. Vrede en Lust’s first owner was a man of great vision, a megalomaniac, whose great strength lay in his powerful religious life and voluntary efforts as a missionary for the Protestant cause.

1702 CHRISTIAAN EHLERS AND BARBÈRE DE SAVOYE The second owner of Vrede en Lust fell in love with Jacques de Savoye’s second daughter while working as a labourer on the farm. Christiaan Ehlers (or Eijlersz, Eelers or Eybers), brother of Hendrik, the Lion’s Head signaller before leaving the Cape, marries Barbère and with her active participation in his business affairs, makes a lot of money as a baker. In 1701, when Jacobus de Savoye is so heavily indebted to the Company that he cannot repay his loan, Christiaan buys Vrede en Lust from his father-in-law, thus presenting him with enough cash to satisfy his creditors. There is one minor complication though: Christiaan Ehlers has no interest whatsoever in farming. His business is flourishing and his wife enjoys the comfort of the settlement in Table Valley. Neither of them is keen to exchange their relatively relaxed and complacent existence for one of hardship in the countryside. Ehlers immediately sells the property to the farmer Willem van Zyl, merely acting as an intermediary in a curiously rapid transaction. The transaction is concluded in two stages starting in January 1702. To the Cape authorities, the mobility of the early Drakenstein population is a problem. On 2 December 1697 the Political Council issues an ordinance that inhabitants of Stellenbosch and Drakenstein will only be able to move to the Cape providing they pay 50 rix-dollars to the Stellenbosch magistrate. This measure is intended to prevent colonists who received free land from selling the property shortly afterwards and settling in Table Valley. Ehlers does not have to pay the fine, for those who have the likelihood of earning a good living in town, are excluded from the stipulation. However, he pays ratherly dearly for the farm, perhaps only for the benefit of his in-laws, for he was an astute businessman. For his 5 010 guilders Indian valuation Ehlers acquires 120 morgen of cultivated land and “seekere hofstede, en opstaande behuisinge en verdere betimmeringe” (some buildings and timber structures). This refers to the rough attempt at housing made by his father-in-law. When Christiaan dies in 1703, Barbère is left with four children under the age of six. Supporting herself and her young family as a baker and confectioner, she remarries a former sailor and clerk in the Company’s pay department in 1706. Elias Kina (also spelt Quina or Nina), originally from Amsterdam, learns the baker’s trade from his wife. After four more pregnancies, Barbère is widowed once again in 1714. A well-off and cultured businesswoman, Barbère owns a house in Table Valley, a farm and assorted household effects. She raises her children to be not only resourceful, but also to enjoy a taste for the finer things in life. They attend church services in the Groote Kerk, consecrated in 1704. Her youngest daughter, Christina, marries Nikolaus von Dessin, who bequeathes his entire library with books, manuscripts, paintings, objets d’art, mathematical and astrological instruments to the Dutch Reformed Church in Cape Town for the founding of the first public library in the country.

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Jacques de Savoye, SV/PROG's Timeline

1636
January 29, 1636
Ath, Hainaut, Walloon Region, Belgium
January 29, 1636
Ath, Hainaut, Walloon Region, Belgium
January 29, 1636
1657
July 4, 1657
Age 21
July 4, 1657
Age 21
Netherlands
July 4, 1657
Age 21
Catholic Church, Ath, Province Henegouwe In Spanish Netherlands
1663
September 21, 1663
Age 27
1667
1667
Age 30
Saint Jacobs, Flanders
1669
1669
Age 32
1671
May 16, 1671
Age 35
Gent, France