Jaime II el Justo, rey de Aragón

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Jaime II 'el Justo' de Aragón, rey de Aragón

Nicknames: "Chaime II d'Aragón-Barzelona ; Jaime II 'el justo' de Aragón ; Jaime I de Sicilia", "in Catalan Jaume II", "in Aragonese Chaime II", "in Spanish Jaime II", "also James II of Barcelona", "called The Just (Catalan: El Just", "Aragonese: Lo Chusto)", ""El Justo""
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Valencia, Spain
Death: Died in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Place of Burial: Sant Francesc, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón and Constanza II de Sicilia, reina consorte de Aragón
Husband of Isabel de Castilla, reina consorte de Aragón; Elisenda de Moncada, reina consort d'Aragón; Blanca de Nápoles, reina consorte de Aragón and María de Chipre, reina consorte de Aragón
Partner of Lucrecia and Gerolda
Father of D. Jaime de Aragón; D. Sancho de Aragón; Napoleón, señor de Joyosa Guarda; Jaime, infante d'Aragón; Alfonso IV el Benigno, rey de Aragón and 8 others
Brother of Alfonso III el Liberal, rey de Aragón; Sta. Isabel de Aragão, rainha consorte de Portugal; Federigo II di Aragona, re di Sicilia; Pedro de Aragón; Violante de Aragón, infanta de Aragón and 1 other
Half brother of D. Jaime de Aragón; D. Juan de Aragón; D. Beatriz de Aragón, siñora de Tora; D. Fernando de Aragón, señor de Albarracín; D. Sancho de Aragón, castellán de Amposta and 2 others

Occupation: Rey de Aragón y de Sicilia, Señor d'Exérica, King of Sicily 1285-1296; King of Aragon and Valencia, Count of Barcelona 1291-1327, Roi de Sicile (1285/1291) puis Roi d'Aragon (1291/1327)
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About Jaime II 'el Justo' de Aragón, rey de Aragón

Jaime II de Aragón

Bikipedia, A enciclopedia libre: AN, AR, AST, CA, CS, DE, EN, ES, EU, FI, FR, HR, HU, ID, IT, JA, NL, NO, PL, PT, RU, SC, SCN, SV, UK

Aragonés (AN):

Chaime II d'Aragón (Valencia, 10 d'agosto de 1267 - †Barcelona, 2 de noviembre de 1327) estió rei d'Aragón y Secilia entre 1291 y a suya muerte.

Català (CA):

Jaume II el Just[1] (dit també Jaume II d'Aragó i Jaume II de Catalunya-Aragó[2]) en aragonès: Jaime;[3] en llatí: Jacobus.[4] (València, Regne de València, 10 d'agost de 1267 - Barcelona, Principat de Catalunya, 2 de novembre de 1327) fou sobirà de la Corona d'Aragó amb els títols principals de comte de Barcelona, rei d'Aragó i rei de València (1291-1327), així com també rei de Sicília (1285-1296), rei de Mallorca (1291-1295) i rei de Sardenya (1324-1327). Per la Pau d'Anagni (1295) el Sant Pare li concedí vitalíciament els títols honorífics de «Senyaler, Almirall i Capità General de l'Església de Roma».

Español (ES):

Jaime II de Aragón, el Justo (Valencia, 10 de abril de 12671 – Barcelona, 2 de noviembre de 1327) fue rey de Aragón, de Valencia y conde de Barcelona entre 1291 y su muerte, y rey de Sicilia entre 1285 y 1302. Ostentó los títulos honoríficos de Portaestandarte, Almirante y Capitán General de la Santa Iglesia Católica.

Nacimiento: 10 de agosto de 1267, Valencia

Fallecimiento: 2 de noviembre de 1327, Barcelona

Entierro: Monasterio de Santes Creus

Padre: Pedro III de Aragón

Madre: Constanza II de Sicilia


Jaime II de Aragón, el Justo (Valencia, 10 de agosto de 1267 – Barcelona, 2 de noviembre de 1327) fue rey de Aragón y Sicilia entre 1291 y su muerte.

Segundo hijo de Pedro III y de su esposa Constanza II de Sicilia, de su padre heredó el reino de Sicilia en 1285. Derrotó a su competidor Carlos de Anjou, cuyas fuerzas navales fueron deshechas en más de un encuentro por el almirante aragonés Roger de Lauria. Conquistó Calabria y las islas del golfo de Nápoles.

En 1291 recibió también la Corona de Aragón, al morir sin descendencia su hermano Alfonso III, y se alió con el rey de Castilla.

Elaboró una política de enlaces matrimoniales con la familia real castellana, pero no dio los resultados esperados. La hija de Sancho IV formaba parte del trato y, pese a sus ocho años de edad, fue enviada a Aragón para ser casada con Jaime II, pero tres años más tarde fue devuelta a Castilla, pues el papa Bonifacio VIII no concedió la dispensa matrimonial.

Se casó cuatro veces: con Isabel de Castilla, Blanca de Nápoles, María de Chipre y Elisenda de Moncada.

Sólo tuvo descendencia con su segunda esposa, Blanca de Nápoles. Tuvieron un total de diez hijos:

1) Infante Jaime de Aragón y de Anjou (1296-1334), que renunció a sus derechos reales y a casarse con Leonor de Castilla.

2) Infante Alfonso IV de Aragón (1299-1336), rey de Aragón y conde de Barcelona.

3) Infanta María de Aragón y Anjou (1299-1311), casada con Pedro de Castilla y de Molina, hijo de Sancho IV de Castilla

4) Infanta Constanza de Aragón y de Anjou (1300-1327), casada con Don Juan Manuel.

5) Infanta Isabel de Aragón y de Anjou (1302-1330), que casó en 1315 con Federico I de Austria.

6) Infante Juan de Aragón (1304-1334), arzobispo de Toledo, de Tarragona y patriarca de Alejandría.

7) Infante Pedro de Aragón (1305-1381), conde de Ribagorza, de Ampurias y de Prades.

8) Infanta Blanca de Aragón y de Anjou (1307-1348), religiosa.

9) Infante Ramón Berenguer de Aragón y Anjou (1308-1364), conde de Prades y señor de la Villa de Elche.

10) Infanta Violante de Aragón (1310-1353), casada con Felipe, déspota de Rumania e hijo de Felipe I de Tarento, y posteriormente con Don Lope Ferrench de Luna, primer conde de Luna.

Tuvo por sucesor a su hijo Alfonso IV.

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James II of Aragon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, English (EN):

James II, King of Aragon (10 August 1267 in Valencia – 2 November or 5 November 1327 in Barcelona), in Catalan Jaume II, in Aragonese Chaime II, in Spanish Jaime II, also James II of Barcelona, called The Just (Catalan: El Just, Aragonese: Lo Chusto) was the second son of Peter III of Aragon and Constance of Sicily.

He succeeded his father as King of Sicily in 1285, and was then known as "James I of Sicily." Upon the death of his brother Alfonso III in 1291, he succeeded also to the throne of the Crown of Aragon. By a peace treaty with Charles II of Anjou in 1296, he agreed to give up Sicily, but the Sicilians instead installed on the throne his brother Frederick. He reigned until his death in 1327.

By the Treaty of Anagni in 1295, he returned the Balearic Islands to James II of Majorca. Aragon retained control over the continental territories of the Majorca kingdom — Montpellier and Roussillon — throughout James' reign. In 1298, by the Treaty of Argilers, James of Majorca recognised the suzerainty of James of Aragon.

Family

He married four times:

— Isabella of Castile, Viscountess of Limoges, daughter of Sancho IV of Castile and his wife María de Molina. The wedding took place in the city of Soria, in 1 December 1291 when the bride was only 8 years old. The marriage, which was never consummated, was dissolved and annulled after Sancho's death in 1295, when James chose to change his alliances and take advantage of the turmoil inside Castile.

— Blanche of Anjou, daughter of his family's rival Charles II of Naples and Maria Arpad of Hungary. They married in the city of Villabertran, in 29 October or 1 November 1295. She bore him several legitimate children:

James (Jaume) (b. 29 September 1296 - d. Tarragona, July 1334). James renounced his right to the throne in 1319 to become a monk. He refused to consummate his marriage to Leonor of Castille, who later become the second wife of his brother Alfonso.

Alfonso IV of Aragon (1299 – 24 January 1336). He became the King of Aragon in 1327 and ruled until his death. He married twice: first to Teresa d'Entença and then to Eleanor of Castile after his first wife died.

Maria (b. 1299 - d. as a nun in Sijena, 1316). She married Pedro of Castile, son of Sancho IV of Castile.

Constance (Constança) (b. Valencia, 1 April 1300 - d. Castillo de Garcia Munoz, 19 September 1327). Constance married Juan Manuel, Duke of Penafiel, nephew of Alfonso X of Castile.

John (Juan) (b. 1304 - d. Pobo, Zaragoza, 19 August 1334). John became the first Archbishop of Toledo and Tarragona in 1318, and Patriarch of Alexandria in 1328.

Isabel of Aragon (b. 1305 - d. Styria, 12 July 1330). Elizabeth married Frederick I of Austria.

Peter (Pere) (b. 1305 - d. Pisa, 4 November 1381), Count of Ribagorça and Prades. Peter married Jeanne, daughter of Gaston I of Foix.

Blanca (b. 1307 - d. Barcelona, 1348), Prioress of Sixena.

Ramon Berenguer (b. August 1308 - d. a priest at Barcelona, 1366), Count of Empúries and Baron of Ejerica. Ramon married firstly with Blanca, daughter of Philip I of Taranto, and secondly with Maria, daughter of Jaime of Aragon.

Violante (b. Barcelona, October 1310 - d. Pedrola, 19 July 1353). She first married Philip, Despot of Romania, son of Philip I of Taranto. Her second marriage was with Lope de Luna, Lord of Segorbe.

— Marie de Lusignan (1273 – September, 1322 at Tortosa, buried at Barcelona), daughter of the King Hugh III of Cyprus. They married by proxy in Santa Sophia, Nicosia, in 15 June 1315, and in person in the city of Girona, in 27 November 1315. This marriage was childless.

— Elisenda de Montcada, daughter of Pedro I de Montcada, Lord of Altona and Soses, and wife Gisela d'Abarca. They married in the city of Tarragona, in 25 December 1322. This marriage was childless too, and, after the king's death, she entered the Monastery of Poor Clares in Pedralbes as a Nun, where she died on June 19, 1364.

[edit]Mistresses and offspring

In addition to his legitimate offspring, James had three natural children born with Sicilian women:

— With Gerolda:

Sancho (b. Sicily, 1287 - d. young?).

Napoleón (b. Sicily, 1288 - m. 1338), Lord of Joyosa Guarda (Gioiosaguardia) and Acquafredda (in Sardinia); married a daughter of a Majorcan named Guillermo Robert.

— With Lucrecia:

James (Jaume) (b. Mazzara, 1291 - d. 1350), Vicario di Cagliari (1317–1341); married firstly with Jaumetta Guerau, from Majorca, and secondly with Puccia, a Sardinian woman.

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Português, Da Wikipédia, A encilopédia livre (PT):

Jaime II de Aragão apelidado de "o Justo" (Valência, 10 de Agosto de 1267 – Barcelona, 2 de Novembro de 1327) foi rei de Aragão e da Sicília entre 1291 e a sua morte.

A respeito da sua política peninsular:

Consolidou a Coroa de Aragão ao declarar a união indissolúvel entre os reinos de Aragão, Catalunha e Valência (1319).

Obteve a vassalagem dos reis de Maiorca (membros da casa real aragonesa).

Recuperou o Vale de Arán.

Reforçou a posição da Coroa submetendo a nobreza com o apoio das cidades.

Fez avançar a fronteira do reino de Valência até à costa de Múrcia, aproveitando a intervenção nas disputas sucessórias castelhanas (1304).

Reforçou a defesa do flanco sul frente aos muçulmanos criando para isso a ordem militar de Montesa (1317), aprovada pelo papa João XXII em 1317, com o fim de lutar contra os muçulmanos.

Fundou em 1300 a Universidade de Lérida.

Desterrou do seu território os templários.

No final do seu reinado, em 1325, as Cortes reunidas em Saragoça acordaram a supressão do tormento.

Elaborou uma política de ligações matrimoniais com a família real castelhana, mas que não deram os resultados esperados. A filha de Sancho IV fazia parte do acordo e, apesar dos seus oito anos de idade, foi enviada a Aragão para casar com Jaime II, mas três anos mais tarde foi devolvida a Castela pois o papa Bonifácio VIII não concedeu a dispensa matrimonial.

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Jaime II el Justo, rey de Aragón's Timeline

1267
August 10, 1267
Valencia, Spain
1291
1291
Age 23
Mazara del Vallo, Sicily, Italy
1291
Age 23
1295
October 29, 1295
Age 28
Alto Ampurdán, Monasterio de Santa María de Vilabertrán, Cataluña
1296
1296
Age 28
1299
1299
Age 31
1299
Age 31
Naples, Campania, Italy
1300
January 1, 1300
Age 32
Aragon, Spain
1300
Age 32
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
1304
1304
Age 36