John Francis Hylan (1868 - 1936)

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Nicknames: "Red Mike (Political Name)"
Place of Burial: 2 Olive Place
Birthplace: Hunter, NY, USA
Death: Died in Queens, NY, USA
Cause of death: heart attack
Occupation: Politician, mayor of New York City 1918-1925
Managed by: Douglas Kellner
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About John Francis Hylan

John Francis Hylan served as the Mayor of New York City (1918-1925).

Hylan was born in Hunter, New York a town in upstate Greene County where his family owned a farm. Hylan married young, became dissatisfied with farm life and moved to Brooklyn with his bride, and enrolled at New York Law School in Manhattan. He found work on the Brooklyn Union Elevated Railroad and rose through the ranks to become a locomotive engineer. Ambitious, he studied law even as he worked on the railroad. He was fired after allegedly taking a curve too fast, endangering a supervisor who had been preparing to cross a track. Hylan always contended that he was wrongfully discharged (Some versions of the story have him reading his law book at the same time as driving). He was a long-time resident of the Bushwick neighborhood of Brooklyn.[1] Hylan became a judge in the Kings County (Brooklyn) county court and was in that position when he was tapped by Tammany Hall as a dark-horse candidate for Mayor, running as a Democrat, through the promotion of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, who shared with him a desire for municipal ownership of utilities. Hylan defeated the reformer John Purroy Mitchel in the 1917 mayoral election, restoring the power of Tammany at City Hall. He easily won re-election in 1921 but was defeated for re-nomination in 1925 by State Senator James J. "Jimmy" Walker. Walker later appointed Hylan to the municipal judiciary. As mayor, Hylan railed against "the interests" and put in motion the building of a publicly owned and operated subway system, which became the IND division of the New York City Subway.

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John Hylan's Timeline

April 20, 1868
Hunter, NY, USA
September 24, 1889
Age 21
Hunter, Greene, New York, USA
July, 1895
Age 27
New York, United States
Age 28
Graduated from New York Law School
Age 51
Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA
Age 61
Forest Hills, Queens, New York, USA
January 12, 1936
Age 67
Queens, NY, USA
January, 1936
Age 67
Queens, New York, USA